# Martin Mächler: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2021

Name | Prof. Dr. Martin Mächler |

Address | Seminar für Statistik (SfS) ETH Zürich, HG G 16 Rämistrasse 101 8092 Zürich SWITZERLAND |

Telephone | +41 44 632 34 08 |

maechler@stat.math.ethz.ch | |

URL | http://stat.ethz.ch/~maechler |

Department | Mathematics |

Relationship | Adjunct Professor |

Number | Title | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

401-3632-00L | Computational Statistics | 8 credits | 3V + 1U | M. Mächler | |

Abstract | We discuss modern statistical methods for data analysis, including methods for data exploration, prediction and inference. We pay attention to algorithmic aspects, theoretical properties and practical considerations. The class is hands-on and methods are applied using the statistical programming language R. | ||||

Objective | The student obtains an overview of modern statistical methods for data analysis, including their algorithmic aspects and theoretical properties. The methods are applied using the statistical programming language R. | ||||

Content | See the class website | ||||

Prerequisites / Notice | At least one semester of (basic) probability and statistics. Programming experience is helpful but not required. | ||||

401-4620-00L | Statistics Lab Number of participants limited to 27. | 6 credits | 2S | M. Kalisch, M. H. Maathuis, M. Mächler, L. Meier, N. Meinshausen | |

Abstract | "Statistics Lab" is an Applied Statistics Workshop in Data Analysis. It provides a learning environment in a realistic setting. Students lead a regular consulting session at the Seminar für Statistik (SfS). After the session, the statistical data analysis is carried out and a written report and results are presented to the client. The project is also presented in the course's seminar. | ||||

Objective | - gain initial experience in the consultancy process - carry out a consultancy session and produce a report - apply theoretical knowledge to an applied problem After the course, students will have practical knowledge about statistical consulting. They will have determined the scientific problem and its context, enquired the design of the experiment or data collection, and selected the appropriate methods to tackle the problem. They will have deepened their statistical knowledge, and applied their theoretical knowledge to the problem. They will have gathered experience in explaining the relevant mathematical and software issues to a client. They will have performed a statistical analysis using R (or SPSS). They improve their skills in writing a report and presenting statistical issues in a talk. | ||||

Content | Students participate in consulting meetings at the SfS. Several consulting dates are available for student participation. These are arranged individually. -During the first meeting the student mainly observes and participates in the discussion. During the second meeting (with a different client), the student leads the meeting. The member of the consulting team is overseeing (and contributing to) the meeting. -After the meeting, the student performs the recommended analysis, produces a report and presents the results to the client. -Finally, the student presents the case in the weekly course seminar in a talk. All students are required to attend the seminar regularly. | ||||

Lecture notes | n/a | ||||

Literature | The required literature will depend on the specific statistical problem under investigation. Some introductory material can be found below. | ||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisites: Sound knowledge in basic statistical methods, especially regression and, if possible, analysis of variance. Basic experience in Data Analysis with R. | ||||

401-4626-00L | Advanced Statistical Modelling: Mixed ModelsDoes not take place this semester. | 4 credits | 2V | M. Mächler | |

Abstract | Mixed Models = (*| generalized| non-) linear Mixed-effects Models, extend traditional regression models by adding "random effect" terms. In applications, such models are called "hierarchical models", "repeated measures" or "split plot designs". Mixed models are widely used and appropriate in an aera of complex data measured from living creatures from biology to human sciences. | ||||

Objective | - Becoming aware how mixed models are more realistic and more powerful in many cases than traditional ("fixed-effects only") regression models. - Learning to fit such models to data correctly, critically interpreting results for such model fits, and hence learning to work the creative cycle of responsible statistical data analysis: "fit -> interpret & diagnose -> modify the fit -> interpret & ...." - Becoming aware of computational and methodological limitations of these models, even when using state-of-the art software. | ||||

Content | The lecture will build on various examples, use R and notably the `lme4` package, to illustrate concepts. The relevant R scripts are made available online. Inference (significance of factors, confidence intervals) will focus on the more realistic *un*balanced situation where classical (ANOVA, sum of squares etc) methods are known to be deficient. Hence, Maximum Likelihood (ML) and its variant, "REML", will be used for estimation and inference. | ||||

Lecture notes | We will work with an unfinished book proposal from Prof Douglas Bates, Wisconsin, USA which itself is a mixture of theory and worked R code examples. These lecture notes and all R scripts are made available from https://github.com/mmaechler/MEMo | ||||

Literature | (see web page and lecture notes) | ||||

Prerequisites / Notice | - We assume a good working knowledge about multiple linear regression ("the general linear model') and an intermediate (not beginner's) knowledge about model based statistics (estimation, confidence intervals,..). Typically this means at least two classes of (math based) statistics, say 1. Intro to probability and statistics 2. (Applied) regression including Matrix-Vector notation Y = X b + E - Basic (1 semester) "Matrix calculus" / linear algebra is also assumed. - If familiarity with [R](https://www.r-project.org/) is not given, it should be acquired during the course (by the student on own initiative). | ||||

401-5640-00L | ZüKoSt: Seminar on Applied Statistics | 0 credits | 1K | M. Kalisch, F. Balabdaoui, A. Bandeira, P. L. Bühlmann, R. Furrer, L. Held, T. Hothorn, M. H. Maathuis, M. Mächler, L. Meier, N. Meinshausen, M. Robinson, C. Strobl, S. van de Geer | |

Abstract | 5 to 6 talks on applied statistics. | ||||

Objective | Kennenlernen von statistischen Methoden in ihrer Anwendung in verschiedenen Gebieten, besonders in Naturwissenschaft, Technik und Medizin. | ||||

Content | In 5-6 Einzelvorträgen pro Semester werden Methoden der Statistik einzeln oder überblicksartig vorgestellt, oder es werden Probleme und Problemtypen aus einzelnen Anwendungsgebieten besprochen. 3 bis 4 der Vorträge stehen in der Regel unter einem Semesterthema. | ||||

Lecture notes | Bei manchen Vorträgen werden Unterlagen verteilt. Eine Zusammenfassung ist kurz vor den Vorträgen im Internet unter http://stat.ethz.ch/talks/zukost abrufbar. Ankündigunen der Vorträge werden auf Wunsch zugesandt. | ||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Dies ist keine Vorlesung. Es wird keine Prüfung durchgeführt, und es werden keine Kreditpunkte vergeben. Nach besonderem Programm. Koordinator M. Kalisch, Tel. 044 632 3435 Lehrsprache ist Englisch oder Deutsch je nach ReferentIn. Course language is English or German and may depend on the speaker. | ||||

401-6228-00L | Programming with R for Reproducible Research | 1 credit | 1G | M. Mächler | |

Abstract | Deeper understanding of R: Function calls, rather than "commands". Reproducible research and data analysis via Sweave and Rmarkdown. Limits of floating point arithmetic. Understanding how functions work. Environments, packages, namespaces. Closures, i.e., Functions returning functions. Lists and [mc]lapply() for easy parallelization. Performance measurement and improvements. | ||||

Objective | Learn to understand R as a (very versatile and flexible) programming language and learn about some of its lower level functionalities which are needed to understand *why* R works the way it does. | ||||

Content | See "Skript": https://github.com/mmaechler/ProgRRR/tree/master/ETH | ||||

Lecture notes | Material available from Github https://github.com/mmaechler/ProgRRR/tree/master/ETH (typically will be updated during course) | ||||

Literature | Norman Matloff (2011) The Art of R Programming - A tour of statistical software design. no starch press, San Francisco. on stock at Polybuchhandlung (CHF 42.-). More material, notably H.Wickam's "Advanced R" : see my ProgRRR github page. | ||||

Prerequisites / Notice | R Knowledge on the same level as after *both* parts of the ETH lecture 401-6217-00L Using R for Data Analysis and Graphics http://www.vvz.ethz.ch/Vorlesungsverzeichnis/lerneinheitPre.do?semkez=2013W&lerneinheitId=84563&ansicht=ALLE&lang=de An interest to dig deeper than average R users do. Bring your own laptop with a recent version of R installed |