From 2 November 2020, the autumn semester 2020 will take place online. Exceptions: Courses that can only be carried out with on-site presence.
Please note the information provided by the lecturers via e-mail.

Christoph A. Heinrich: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2016

Name Prof. Dr. Christoph A. Heinrich
FieldMineralische Rohstoffe und Prozesse des Erdinnern
Address
Inst. für Geochemie und Petrologie
ETH Zürich, NW F 82.1
Clausiusstrasse 25
8092 Zürich
SWITZERLAND
Telephone+41 44 632 68 51
E-mailchristoph.heinrich@erdw.ethz.ch
DepartmentEarth Sciences
RelationshipProfessor Emeritus

NumberTitleECTSHoursLecturers
651-0032-00LGeology and Petrography4 credits2V + 1UC. A. Heinrich, S. Löw, K. Rauchenstein
AbstractThis course gives an overview of the basic concepts of geology and petrography and shows some links to the application of these concepts. The course consists of lectures and exercises in groups. The lectures cover all aspects of the dynamic earth, from the history of the earth, to the formation of rocks, mountains, and oceans, and the degradation processes shaping the uppermost earth's crust.
ObjectiveThis course gives an overview of the basic concepts of geology and petrography and shows some links to the application of these concepts.
ContentGeologie der Erde, Mineralien - Baustoffe der Gesteine, Gesteine und ihr Kreislauf, Magmatische Gesteine, Vulkane und ihre Gesteine, Verwitterung und Erosion, Sedimentgesteine, Metamorphe Gesteine, Historische Geologie, Strukturgeologie und Gesteinsverformung, Bergstürze und Rutschungen, Grundwasser, Flüsse, Wind und Gletscher, Prozesse im Erdinnern, die Schatzkammer Erde und ihre Bewirtschaftung.

Übungen zum Gesteinsbestimmen und Lesen von geologischen, tektonischen und geotechnischen Karten, einfache Konstruktionen.
Lecture notesThe course is based on the book Dynamic Earth from Press & Siever
LiteraturePress, F.; Siever, R.: Allgemeine Geologie, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg
651-0254-00LSeminar Geochemistry and Petrology0 credits2SO. Bachmann, M. Schönbächler, C. A. Heinrich, M. W. Schmidt, D. Vance
AbstractSeminar series with external and occasional internal speakers addressing current research topics. Changing programs announced via D-ERDW homepage (Veranstaltungskalender)
ObjectivePresentations on isotope geochemistry, cosmochemistry, fluid processes, economic geology, petrology, mineralogy and experimental studies. Mostly international speakers provide students, department members and interested guests with insight into current research topics in these fields.
ContentWöchentliches Seminar mit Fachvorträgen eingeladener oder interner Wissenschafter, vornehmlich zu Themen der Geochemie, Isotogengeologie, Hydrothermalgeochemie, Lagerstättenbildung, Petrologie, Mineralogie und experimentelle Studien.
651-3070-AALFundamentals of Geology
Enrolment ONLY for MSc students with a decree declaring this course unit as an additional admission requirement.

Any other students (e.g. incoming exchange students, doctoral students) CANNOT enrol for this course unit.
6 credits13RS. Bernasconi, J.‑P. Burg, C. A. Heinrich, S. Löw
Abstract
Objective
651-3505-00LMineral Resources3 credits2VC. A. Heinrich, R. Kündig, W. Leu, F. Schenker
AbstractOverview of the geological formation processes and the global distribution of mineral resources (metals, energy resources, bulk materials and industrial minerals), their economic importance, as well as the political and environmental aspects of responsible resource extraction and site rehabilitation.
ObjectiveGrundkenntnisse zur Bildung und Nutzung von Rohstoffen der Erde und Verständnis der relevanten geologischen Prozesse: Fluid-Mineral-Reaktionen, zeitliche Entwicklung verschiedener Rohstofftypen im Verlauf der Erdgeschichte und in Bezug auf die Plattentektonik, Rohstoffbildung an der Erdoberfläche und in sedimentären Becken und Migration von Kohlewasserstoffen. Erkennen einiger wichtiger nutzbarer Mineralien, Beschriebung und Interpretation von Erzgesteinen. Generelle Kenntnisse über die Voraussetzungen zur nachhaltigen Nutzung von Rohstoffen, mit Hinweisen auf relevante Rechtsgrundlagen. Grundlagen über die Aufgaben, Kompetenzen und die Verantwortung der Erdwissenschaften bei der Suche, Nutzung und Nachsorge von Rohstoffvorkommen.
Content- Vorstellung der Dozierenden mit Fallstudie aus der persönlichen Berufspraxis (CH, RK, WL, FS)
- Resourcen der Welt und Bedeutung für die Schweiz (RK)
- Metallische Erzlagerstätten - Einführung (CH)
- Metallische Erzlagerstätten - Magmatische Prozesse Test 1 (CH)
- Ozeanische Hydrothermalsysteme, Oberflächenerze und Atmosphärenentwicklung (CH)
- Metallische Erzlagerstätten - Magmatisch-hydrothermale Systeme Test 2 (CH)
- Energierohstoffe - Einführung ; Bildungsprozesse Petroleum und Erdgas (WL)
- Energierohstoffe - Oel und Gas (WL)
- Energierohstoffe - Kohle und CO2-Entsorgung Test 3 (WL/RK)
- Nichtmetallische Rohstoffe - Baustoffe (RK)
- Nichtmetallische Rohstoffe - Erden (RK/FS)
- Nichtmetallische Rohstoffe - Industriemineralien Test 4 (FS)
- Industriemineralien und nachhaltige Nutzung von Rohstoffen der Erde (FS)
Lecture notesKursnotizen werden in den Stunden verteilt
Literature- S. E. Kesler & A. C. Simon (2014) Mineral Resources, Economics and the Environment, ed. 2.
- R. Kündig et al. (1997) Die Mineralischen Rohstoffe der Schweiz. Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommission, 522 S.
- L. F. Trueb (2005): Die chemischen Elemente. Verlag Hirzel Stuttgart
- W. Pohl u. a. (2005): Mineralische und Energie-Rohstoffe. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
- Senatskommission für Geowissenschaftliche Gemeinschaftsforschung 2010: Dynamische Erde - Zukunftsaufgaben der Geowissenschaften - Strategieschrift: online zu beziehen unter http://www.geokommission.de/Dynamische_Erde.html
Prerequisites / NoticeGeologische und mineralogische Grundkenntnisse aus Dynamische Erde I und II einschliesslich Uebungen in Gesteinsbestimmung; Buch von Grotzinger, Press & Siever. Anwesenheit in den Stunden ist essentiell -- Uebungen und 4 Kurzprüfungen zur Leistungskontrolle.
651-4034-00LResource Economics and Mineral Exploration Restricted registration - show details
Does not take place this semester.
The course unit will be offered again in the autumn semester 2017.
3 credits3PC. A. Heinrich
AbstractGlobal mineral economics and the strategies of mineral exploration -- including geological, geochemical and geophysical methods, but also non-geological factors such as organisational, political and environmental aspects. Changing external lecturers.
ObjectivePractical understanding of the procedure of exploring a mineral prospect, based on geological analysis, exploration by drilling, resource calculation of tonnage and grade as a basis for economic evaluation for reporting to investors.
ContentThis block course in will comprise 4 half-day lectures and a series of practical exercises from selection of a mineral property to discovery of mineral resources and their valuation. Teams are formed as Limited Partnership companies that have to select and bid for a mineral property offered during an auction. Each company has the same nominal budget. The highest bidder purchases the selected property, others need to purchase the remaining properties during an auction. Justification for selecting the property is justified in a report. The companies must interpret the geology of their mineral property to prepare a diamond drill program to discover and, eventually, delineate the mineral resources. This drill program is presented in a report prior to drilling. Drilling in the tri-dimensional matrix of the property is simulated using the software FOREUR, until budget lapse. The companies must select drill intervals for chemical analysis to document the extent and composition of the discovered mineralization. Portions of the mineral rights can be traded for capital between the companies. An estimate of the tonnage and grade of the discovered resource is prepared using geometric methods and GIS software (ex. Arc GIS). The ground value of the resource is estimated by a computation of the Net Smelter Return at current metal prices. The results of the exploration program are presented in a comprehensive report.
Lecture notesHandouts for background information and a computer simulation program for the case-study exercise will be provided. Participants must bring a Windows-based laptop computer.
Prerequisites / NoticePrerequisites: Knowledge of mineral deposit-type characteristics is useful (orogenic gold, Cu-Zn VMS, Ni-Cu-PGE); at least "Ressourcen der Erde", or adequate knowledge of mineral deposits acquired by preparatory reading. Basic knowledge of ArcGIS software is important to produce maps and sections required in reports. Training exercises and tutorials will be provided in advance to prepare for the course.Taught biennially in collaboration with University of Geneva.

This course is co-organised by ETH Zurich (Prof. C. Heinrich) and University of Geneva (Prof. L. Fontbote)
651-4037-00LOre Deposits I
Can be chosen as an elective course within the Bachelor. Prospective MSc-Students attending the module "Mineral Resources" should attend Ore Deposits I and II in the first year of their MSc studies.
3 credits2GC. A. Heinrich
AbstractPrinciples of hydrothermal ore formation, using base metal deposits (Cu, Pb, Zn) in sedimentary basins to explain the interplay of geological, chemical and physical factors from global scale to sample scale. Introduction to orthomagmatic ore formation (mostly Cr, Ni, PGE).
ObjectiveUnderstanding the fundamental processes of hydrothermal and magmatic ore formation, recognising and interpreting mineralised rocks in geological context
Content(a) Principles of hydrothermal ore formation: base metal deposits in sedimentary basins. Practical classification of sample suites by genetic ore deposit types
Mineral solubility and ore deposition, principles& thermodynamic prediction using activity diagrams. Stable isotopes in ore-forming hydrothermal systems (O, H, C, S) Driving forces and structural focussing of hydrothermal fluid flow

(b) Introduction to orthomagmatic ore formation. Chromite, Ni-Cu sulphides and PGE in layered mafic intrusions. Distribution coefficients between silicate and sulphide melts. Carbonatites and pegmatite deposits.
Lecture notesNotes handed out during lectures
LiteratureExtensive literature list distributed in course
Prerequisites / Notice2 contact hours per lecture / week including lectures, exercises and practical study of samples, and small literature-based student presentations. Supplementary contact for sample practicals and exercises as required. Credits and mark based on participation in course (exercises, 50%) and 1h written exam in the last lecture of the semester (50%).
651-4069-00LFluid and Melt Inclusions: Theory and Practice3 credits3PC. A. Heinrich, T. Driesner, O. Laurent
AbstractBlock course involving lectures, exercises and practical application of inclusion petrography, microthermometry, Raman and LA-ICPMS microanlysis
ObjectivePractical ability to carry out a meaningful fluid or melt inclusion study in the fields of geochemistry, petrology or resource geology, involving problem definition, research planning, quantitative measurements using a combination of techniques, critical interpretation and correct documentation of results.
Lecture notesHandouts with extensive list of primary literature available
LiteratureGoldstein and Reynolds (1994): CD available for in-house use
651-4082-00LFluids and Mineral Deposits2 credits2SC. A. Heinrich, T. Driesner, B. Lamy-Chappuis, O. Laurent, A. Quadt Wykradt-Hüchtenbruck, J. P. Weis
AbstractPresentations and literature discussions on current research topics in crustal fluids and mineral resources research.
ObjectiveProvide a deeper understanding in the selected research fields on hydrothermal processes and ore deposit formation. This is achieved by literature work as well as discussions of current BSc, MSc and PhD projects at the institute.
ContentThemen zur Hydrothermalgeochemie, Modellierung von Fluidprozessen, Mikroananlytik, Isotopen-Tracing von hydrothermalen Transportprozessen und der Bildung von Erzlagertätten
Prerequisites / NoticeRegister in MyStudies and send mail to szandra.fekete@erdw.ethz.ch, to be placed on distributor for the evolving program