Marco Mazzotti: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2016
|Name||Prof. Dr. Marco Mazzotti|
Inst. f. Energie-u.Verfahrenstech.
ETH Zürich, ML G 27
|Telephone||+41 44 632 24 56|
|Fax||+41 44 632 11 41|
|Department||Mechanical and Process Engineering|
|151-0906-00L||Frontiers in Energy Research |
This course is only for doctoral students.
|2 credits||2S||M. Mazzotti, R. S. Abhari, G. Andersson, J. Carmeliet, M. Filippini|
|Abstract||Doctoral students at ETH Zurich working in the broad area of energy present their research to their colleagues, to their advisors and to the scientific community.|
|Objective||Knowledge of advanced research in the area of energy.|
|Content||Doctoral students at ETH Zurich working in the broad area of energy present their research to their colleagues, to their advisors and to the scientific community. There will be one presentation a week during the semester, each structured as follows: 20 min introduction to the research topic, 30 min presentation of the results, 30 min discussion with the audience.|
|Lecture notes||Slides will be available on the Energy Science Center pages(www.esc.ethz.ch/events/frontiers-in-energy-research.html).|
|151-0926-00L||Separation Process Technology I||4 credits||3G||M. Mazzotti|
|Abstract||Non-empirical design of gas-liquid, vapor-liquid, and liquid-liquid separation processes for ideal and non-ideal systems, based on mass transfer phenomena and phase equilibrium.|
|Objective||Non-empirical design of gas-liquid, vapor-liquid, and liquid-liquid separation processes for ideal and non-ideal systems, based on mass transfer phenomena and phase equilibrium.|
|Content||Methods for the non empirical design of equilibrium stage separations for ideal and non-ideal systems, based on mass transfer phenomena and phase equilibrium. Topics: introduction to the separation process technology. Phase equilibrium: vapor/liquid and liquid/liquid. Flash vaporization: binary and multicomponent. Equilibrium stages and multistage cascades. Gas absorption and stripping. Continuous distillation: design methods for binary and multicomponent systems; continuous-contact equipment; azeotropic distillation, equipment for gas-liquid operations. Liquid/liquid extraction. The lecture is supported by a web base learning tool, i.e. HyperTVT.|
|Lecture notes||Lecture notes available|
|Literature||Treybal "Mass-transfer operations" oder Seader/Henley "Separation process principles" oder Wankat "Equilibrium stage separations" oder Weiss/Militzer/Gramlich "Thermische Verfahrenstechnik"|
|Prerequisites / Notice||Prerequisite: Stoffaustausch|
A self-learning web-based environment is available (HyperTVT):
|151-0928-00L||CO2 Capture and Storage and the Industry of Carbon-Based Resources||4 credits||3G||M. Mazzotti, L. Bretschger, R. Knutti, C. Müller, M. Repmann|
|Abstract||Carbon-based resources (coal, oil, gas): origin, production, processing, resource economics. Climate change: science, policies. CCS systems: CO2 capture in power/industrial plants, CO2 transport and storage. Besides technical details, economical, legal and societal aspects are considered (e.g. electricity markets, barriers to deployment).|
|Objective||The goal of the lecture is to introduce carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) systems, the technical solutions developed so far and the current research questions. This is done in the context of the origin, production, processing and economics of carbon-based resources, and of climate change issues. After this course, students are familiar with important technical and non-technical issues related to use of carbon resources, climate change, and CCS as a transitional mitigation measure.|
The class will be structured in 2 hours of lecture and one hour of exercises/discussion. At the end of the semester a group project is planned.
|Content||Both the Swiss and the European energy system face a number of significant challenges over the coming decades. The major concerns are the security and economy of energy supply and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Fossil fuels will continue to satisfy the largest part of the energy demand in the medium term for Europe, and they could become part of the Swiss energy portfolio due to the planned phase out of nuclear power. Carbon capture and storage is considered an important option for the decarbonization of the power sector and it is the only way to reduce emissions in CO2 intensive industrial plants (e.g. cement- and steel production). |
Building on the previously offered class "Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS)", we have added two specific topics: 1) the industry of carbon-based resources, i.e. what is upstream of the CCS value chain, and 2) the science of climate change, i.e. why and how CO2 emissions are a problem.
The course is devided into four parts:
I) The first part will be dedicated to the origin, production, and processing of conventional as well as of unconventional carbon-based resources.
II) The second part will comprise two lectures from experts in the field of climate change sciences and resource economics.
III) The third part will explain the technical details of CO2 capture (current and future options) as well as of CO2 storage and utilization options, taking again also economical, legal, and sociatel aspects into consideration.
IV) The fourth part will comprise two lectures from industry experts, one with focus on electricity markets, the other on the experiences made with CCS technologies in the industry.
Throughout the class, time will be allocated to work on a number of tasks related to the theory, individually, in groups, or in plenum. Moreover, the students will apply the theoretical knowledge acquired during the course in a case study covering all the topics.
|Lecture notes||Power Point slides and distributed handouts|
|Literature||IPCC AR5 Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report, 2014. www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/syr/|
IPCC Special Report on Carbon dioxide Capture and Storage, 2005. www.ipcc.ch/activity/srccs/index.htm
The Global Status of CCS: 2014. Published by the Global CCS Institute, Nov 2014.
|Prerequisites / Notice||External lecturers from the industry and other institutes will contribute with specialized lectures according to the schedule distributed at the beginning of the semester.|
|151-0940-00L||Modelling and Mathematical Methods in Process and Chemical Engineering||4 credits||3G||M. Mazzotti|
|Abstract||Study of the non-numerical solution of systems of ordinary differential equations and first order partial differential equations, with application to chemical kinetics, simple batch distillation, and chromatography.|
|Objective||Study of the non-numerical solution of systems of ordinary differential equations and first order partial differential equations, with application to chemical kinetics, simple batch distillation, and chromatography.|
|Content||Development of mathematical models in process and chemical engineering, particularly for chemical kinetics, batch distillation, and chromatography. Study of systems of ordinary differential equations (ODEs), their stability, and their qualitative analysis. Study of single first order partial differential equation (PDE) in space and time, using the method of characteristics. Application of the theory of ODEs to population dynamics, chemical kinetics (Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction), and simple batch distillation (residue curve maps). Application of the method of characteristic to chromatography.|
|Lecture notes||no skript|
|Literature||A. Varma, M. Morbidelli, "Mathematical methods in chemical engineering," Oxford University Press (1997) |
H.K. Rhee, R. Aris, N.R. Amundson, "First-order partial differential equations. Vol. 1," Dover Publications, New York (1986)
R. Aris, "Mathematical modeling: A chemical engineer’s perspective," Academic Press, San Diego (1999)
|151-0942-00L||Introduction to Chemical Engineering||4 credits||3G||M. Mazzotti|
|Abstract||The class aims at bridging chemistry and engineering by presenting some fundamental aspects of chemical engineering. In particular, topics from the broad areas of chemical engineering thermodynamics, separation process technology, and chemical reaction engineering are covered. Though at an introductory level, the different topics are presented rigorously and quantitatively.|
|Objective||The students will be able to understand the interplay between natural sciences (chemistry and physics) and the engineering aspects of chemical processes. They will also understand how they can describe the relevant phenomena and mechanisms using proper mathematical models, and thus gaining insight on them.|
|Content||List of specific topics addressed:|
- multicomponent multiphase equilibria (chemical potential),
- binary liquid-vapor equilibria,
- solubility of solids in solution,
- equilibrium of chemical reactions,
- flash evaporation,
- solid formation from solution (nucleation and growth of crystals),
- fundamentals of kinetic gas theory (Maxwell's velocity distribution),
- ideal reactors (CSTR, batch, PFR),
- heat transfer effects in ideal reactors
|Lecture notes||The students will be provided with lecture notes prepared for the class; a few additional and optional references will also be recommended.|
|151-0958-00L||Practica in Process Engineering II||2 credits||2P||S. E. Pratsinis, M. Mazzotti|
|Abstract||Practical training at pilot facilities for fundamental processing steps, typical laboratory and pilot facility experiments.|
|Objective||Practical training at pilot facilities for fundamental processing steps, typical laboratory and pilot facility experiments.|