Aldo Steinfeld: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2016
|Name||Prof. Dr. Aldo Steinfeld|
Renewable Energy Carriers
ETH Zürich, ML J 42.1
|Telephone||+41 44 632 79 29|
|Fax||+41 44 632 10 65|
|Department||Mechanical and Process Engineering|
|151-0123-00L||Experimental Methods for Engineers||4 credits||2V + 2U||T. Rösgen, R. S. Abhari, K. Boulouchos, D. J. Norris, H.‑M. Prasser, A. Steinfeld|
|Abstract||The course presents an overview of measurement tasks in engineering environments. Different concepts for the acquisition and processing of typical measurement quantities are introduced. Following an initial in-class introduction, laboratory exercises from different application areas (especially in thermofluidics and process engineering) are attended by students in small groups.|
|Objective||Introduction to various aspects of measurement techniques, with particular emphasis on thermo-fluidic applications.|
Understanding of various sensing technologies and analysis procedures.
Exposure to typical experiments, diagnostics hardware, data acquisition and processing.
Study of applications in the laboratory.
Fundamentals of scientific documentation & reporting.
|Content||In-class introduction to representative measurement techniques in the|
research areas of the participating institutes (fluid dynamics, energy technology, process engineering)
Student participation in 8-10 laboratory experiments (study groups of 3-5 students, dependent on the number of course participants and available experiments)
Lab reports for all attended experiments have to be submitted by the study groups.
A final exam evaluates the acquired knowledge individually.
|Lecture notes||Presentations, handouts and instructions are provided for each experiment.|
|Literature||Holman, J.P. "Experimental Methods for Engineers", McGraw-Hill 2001, ISBN 0-07-366055-8|
Morris, A.S. & Langari, R. "Measurement and Instrumentation", Elsevier 2011, ISBN 0-12-381960-4
Eckelmann, H. "Einführung in die Strömungsmesstechnik", Teubner 1997, ISBN 3-519-02379-2
|Prerequisites / Notice||Basic understanding in the following areas:|
- fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer
- electrical engineering / electronics
- numerical data analysis and processing (e.g. using MATLAB)
|151-0185-00L||Radiation Heat Transfer||4 credits||2V + 1U||A. Steinfeld, A. Z'Graggen|
|Abstract||Advanced course in radiation heat transfer|
|Objective||Fundamentals of radiative heat transfer and its applications. Examples are combustion and solar thermal/thermochemical processes, and other applications in the field of energy conversion and material processing.|
|Content||1. Introduction to thermal radiation. Definitions. Spectral and directional properties. Electromagnetic spectrum. Blackbody and gray surfaces. Absorptivity, emissivity, reflectivity. Planck's Law, Wien's Displacement Law, Kirchhoff's Law.|
2. Surface radiation exchange. Diffuse and specular surfaces. Gray and selective surfaces. Configuration factors. Radiation xxchange. Enclosure theory- radiosity method. Monte Carlo.
3.Absorbing, emitting and scattering media. Extinction, absorption, and scattering coefficients. Scattering phase function. Optical thickness. Equation of radiative transfer. Solution methods: discrete ordinate; zone; Monte-Carlo.
4. Applications. Cavities. Selective surfaces and media. Semi-transparent windows. Combined radiation-conduction-convection heat transfer.
|Lecture notes||Copy of the slides presented.|
|Literature||R. Siegel, J.R. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 3rd. ed., Taylor & Francis, New York, 2002.|
M. Modest, Radiative Heat Transfer, Academic Press, San Diego, 2003.
|151-0261-00L||Thermodynamics III||3 credits||2V + 1U||R. S. Abhari, A. Steinfeld|
|Abstract||Technical applications of engineering thermodynamics. Extension of thermodynamical fundamentals taught in Thermodynamics I and II.|
|Objective||Understand and apply thermodynamic principles and processes for use in a range of cycles used commonly in practice.|
|Content||Radiation Heat Transfer, Heat Exchangers, Ideal Gas Mixtures & Psychrometry, Steam Processes, Gas Power Processes, Internal Combustion Engines, Gas Turbine Processes, Refrigeration & Heat Pumps|
|151-1053-00L||Thermo- and Fluid Dynamics||0 credits||2K||P. Jenny, R. S. Abhari, K. Boulouchos, P. Koumoutsakos, C. Müller, H. G. Park, D. Poulikakos, H.‑M. Prasser, T. Rösgen, A. Steinfeld|
|Abstract||Current advanced research activities in the areas of thermo- and fluid dynamics are presented and discussed, mostly by external speakers.|
|Objective||Knowledge of advanced research in the areas of thermo- and fluid dynamics|
|529-0193-00L||Renewable Energy Technologies I|
The lectures Renewable Energy Technologies I (529-0193-00L) and Renewable Energy Technologies II (529-0191-01L) can be taken independently from one another.
|4 credits||3G||A. Wokaun, A. Steinfeld|
|Abstract||Scenarios for world energy demand and CO2 emissions, implications for climate. Methods for the assessment of energy chains. Potential and technology of renewable energies: Biomass (heat, electricity, biofuels), solar energy (low temp. heat, solar thermal and photovoltaic electricity, solar chemistry). Wind and ocean energy, heat pumps, geothermal energy, energy from waste. CO2 sequestration.|
|Objective||Scenarios for the development of world primary energy consumption are introduced. Students know the potential and limitations of renewable energies for reducing CO2 emissions, and their contribution towards a future sustainable energy system that respects climate protection goals.|
|Content||Scenarios for the development of world energy consumption, energy intensity and economic development. Energy conversion chains, primary energy sources and availability of raw materials. Methods for the assessment of energy systems, ecological balances and life cycle analysis of complete energy chains. Biomass: carbon reservoirs and the carbon cycle, energetic utilisation of biomass, agricultural production of energy carriers, biofuels. Solar energy: solar collectors, solar-thermal power stations, solar chemistry, photovoltaics, photochemistry. Wind energy, wind power stations. Ocean energy (tides, waves). Geothermal energy: heat pumps, hot steam and hot water resources, hot dry rock (HDR) technique. Energy recovery from waste. Greenhouse gas mitigation, CO2 sequestration, chemical bonding of CO2. Consequences of human energy use for ecological systems, atmosphere and climate.|
|Lecture notes||Lecture notes will be distributed electronically during the course.|
|Literature||- Kaltschmitt, M., Wiese, A., Streicher, W.: Erneuerbare Energien (Springer, 2003)|
- Tester, J.W., Drake, E.M., Golay, M.W., Driscoll, M.J., Peters, W.A.: Sustainable Energy - Choosing Among Options (MIT Press, 2005)
- G. Boyle, Renewable Energy: Power for a sustainable futureOxford University Press, 3rd ed., 2012, ISBN: 978-0-19-954533-9
-V. Quaschning, Renewable Energy and Climate ChangeWiley- IEEE, 2010, ISBN: 978-0-470-74707-0, 9781119994381 (online)
|Prerequisites / Notice||Fundamentals of chemistry, physics and thermodynamics are a prerequisite for this course.|
Topics are available to carry out a Project Work (Semesterarbeit) on the contents of this course.