Derek Vance: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2018

NameHerr Prof. Dr. Derek Vance
LehrgebietGeochemie
Adresse
Inst. für Geochemie und Petrologie
ETH Zürich, NW D 81.4
Clausiusstrasse 25
8092 Zürich
SWITZERLAND
Auszeichnung: Die Goldene Eule
Telefon+41 44 632 68 81
Fax+41 44 632 11 79
E-Mailderek.vance@erdw.ethz.ch
URLhttp://www.erdw.ethz.ch/en/people/profile.html?persid=85257
DepartementErdwissenschaften
BeziehungOrdentlicher Professor

NummerTitelECTSUmfangDozierende
651-0254-00LSeminar Geochemistry and Petrology0 KP2SO. Bachmann, M. Schönbächler, C. A. Heinrich, M. W. Schmidt, D. Vance
KurzbeschreibungSeminar series with external and occasional internal speakers addressing current research topics. Changing programs announced via D-ERDW homepage (Veranstaltungskalender)
LernzielPresentations on isotope geochemistry, cosmochemistry, fluid processes, economic geology, petrology, mineralogy and experimental studies. Mostly international speakers provide students, department members and interested guests with insight into current research topics in these fields.
InhaltWöchentliches Seminar mit Fachvorträgen eingeladener oder interner Wissenschafter, vornehmlich zu Themen der Geochemie, Isotogengeologie, Hydrothermalgeochemie, Lagerstättenbildung, Petrologie, Mineralogie und experimentelle Studien.
651-1091-00LColloquium Department Earth Sciences0 KP1KH. Stoll, D. Vance
KurzbeschreibungEingeladene Vorträge aus dem gesamten Bereich der Erdwissenschaften.
LernzielAusgewählte Themen zu Sedimentologie, Tektonik, Paläntologie, Geophysik, Mineralogie, Paläoklimatologie und Ingenieurgeologie mit regionalem und globalem Bezug.
InhaltNach jährlich wechselndem Programm.
SkriptNein
LiteraturNein
651-3400-00LGeochemie I Information
Dieser Kurs ersetzt 651-3400-00 Geochemie. Sofern Geochemie absolviert wurde, darf der Kurs nicht belegt werden.
4 KP3GM. Schönbächler, D. Vance
KurzbeschreibungEinführung in die Geochemie und ihrer Anwendungen für das Studium des Urspungs und der Entwicklung von Erde und Planeten
LernzielGewinnen eines Überblicks geochemischer Methoden in verschiedenen Gebieten der Erdwissenschaften, und wie diese Methoden benutzt werden, um geologische Prozesse in Erdmantel, Erdkruste, Ozeanen und Atmosphäre zu studieren.
InhaltDieser Kurs ist eine Einleitung zur Geochemie mit einem speziellen Fokus auf den Grundkonzepten, die in diesem sich schnell entwickelnden Fachgebiet verwendet werden. Der Kurs beschäftigt sich mit der Toolbox des Geochemikers: Die grundlegenden chemischen und atomaren Eigenschaften der Elemente aus der Periodentabelle sowie deren Verwendung zur Formulierung wichtiger Fragen in den Erdwissenschaften. Es werden wichtigen Konzepte, welche im Fest-Lösungs-Gas Gleichgewicht verwendet werden, eingeführt. Die Konzepte von chemischen Reservoiren und der geochemischen Kreisläufe werden anhand des Kohlenstoff-Kreislaufs eingeführt. Des weitern beschäftigt sich der Kurs mit geologischen Anwendungen in den Bereichen von Niedrig- und Hochtemperaturgeochemie. Dazu gehört die Bildung von Kontinenten, die Differentiation der Erde, sowie die Geochemie von Ozeanwasser und kontinentalen Wässern.
SkriptDie Folien zur Vorlesung werden online zur Verfügung gestellt.
LiteraturH. Y. McSween et al.: Geochemistry - Pathways and Processes,
2nd ed. Columbia Univ. Press (2003)

William White: Geochemistry, Wiley-Blackwell Chichester (2013)
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesVoraussetzung: Chemische Thermodynamik; Grundwissen anorganische Chemie und Physik
651-3507-00LEinführung in die Ozeanographie und Hydrogeologie3 KP2VD. Vance, M. O. Saar
KurzbeschreibungDer Kurs dient der Einführung in die Hydrogeologie und Ozeanographie für Erdwissenschaftler. Er bietet einen Überblick der physikalischen Bedingungen, die den Wasserfluss in Flüssen, Aquiferen und Ozeanen bestimmen und behandelt die Grundlagen der Grundwasserchemie, der biogeochemischen Zyklen in den Ozeanen, und der Rolle der Ozeane als Kohlenstoffreservoire und ihrer dynamischen Redox Zustände.
LernzielTo understand and describe the basic principles of the hydrologic cycle and water flow in streams and aquifers.

To conduct simple calculations of water transfer in streams and aquifers as well as of flood frequencies and magnitudes.

To discuss surface and groundwater as a water resource.

To interpret different ion distributions in aquifers in terms of bacic water chemistry, fluid-mineral reactions, water contamination, and water origin.

To understand the major features of ocean basins and the tectonic controls on their structure.

To identify the major controls on the temperature, salinity and density structure of the oceans.

To describe how these controls interact to drive surface and interior ocean circulation.

To interpret different kinds of element distribution in the oceans in terms of basic chemistry, sinks, sources and internal biogeochemical cycling.

To discuss the cycles of carbon and oxygen in the ocean, with a view to the critical analysis of how the oceans respond to, cause and record the dynamics of these cycles in Earth history.
InhaltThis course provides an introduction to oceanography and hydrogeology, with a special focus on the basic physicochemical concepts that control the properties and behaviour of two major reservoirs of water on Earth.

The hydrogeology component will: 1) describe the hydrologic cycle, with a focus on the importance of groundwater to society; introduce the basic physical aspects of groundwater flow, including Darcy's law, hydraulic head, hydraulic conductivity, aquifers; 2) describe the basics of groundwater chemistry, including major ions and mean meteoric water line, basics of groundwater contamination; 3) introduce the interface with the oceans, including hydrothermal circulation at mid-ocean ridges, ocean-water intrusion into groundwater at coasts.

The oceanography component will: 1) provide an overview of the physical circulation of the oceans, including its importance for heat transfer around the surface of the Earth and for climate; 2) describe the basic processes that control the chemistry of the oceans, including its temporal and spatial variability; 3) introduce some simple concepts in biological oceanography, including the dependence of ocean ecology on nutrient distributions. There will be a specific focus on how the physics, chemistry and biology of the ocean might have changed through Earth history, and the impact of oceanic processes on Earth's climate.
SkriptVorhanden
LiteraturTalley, L.D., Pickard, G.L., Emery, W.J. and Swift, J.H. Descriptive Physical Oceanography, an Introduction. (2011) Online textbook, available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780750645522.

Libes, S.M. (2009) Introduction to marine biogeochemistry. 2nd edition. Academic Press
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesChemie I and II, Physik I and II, Mathematik I and II.
651-4049-00LConceptual and Quantitative Methods in Geochemistry
Der erfolgreiche Abschluss des Bachelor-Kurses Geochemie (651-3400-00L) ist für diesen Kurs Voraussetzung.
3 KP2GO. Bachmann, D. Vance, G. De Souza, A. Hunt, J. Leuthold
KurzbeschreibungThis course will introduce some of the main quantitative methods available for the quantitative treatment of geochemical data, as well as the main modelling tools. Emphasis will both be on conceptual understanding of these methods as well as on their practical application, using key software packages to analyse real geochemical datasets.
LernzielDevelopment of a basic knowledge and understanding of the main tools available for the quantitative analysis of geochemical data.
InhaltThe following approaches will be discussed in detail: major and trace element modelling of magmas, with application to igneous systems; methods and statistics for calculation of isochrons and model ages; reservoir dynamics and one-dimensional modelling of ocean chemistry; modelling speciation in aqueous (hydrothermal, fresh water sea water) fluids.

We will discuss how these methods are applied in a range of Earth Science fields, from cosmochemistry, through mantle and crustal geochemistry, volcanology and igneous petrology, to chemical oceanography.

A special emphasis will be put on dealing with geochemical problems through modeling. Where relevant, software packages will be introduced and applied to real geochemical data.
SkriptSlides of lectures will be available.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPre-requisite: Geochemie I and II
651-4180-02LIntegrierte Erdsysteme II Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Nur für Erdwissenschaften BSc, Studienreglement 2016.
5 KP4G + 1UD. Vance, H. Stoll, S. Willett
KurzbeschreibungThe surface Earth is often thought of as a set of interacting systems, often with feedbacks between them. These interacting systems control the tectonics, geomorphology, climate, and biology of the surface Earth. To fully understand the nature of the Earth System, including the controls on its past evolution, its present state, and its future, an integrated perspective is required.
LernzielTo introduce students to an integrated view of the surface Earth, uniting perspectives from different disciplines of the earth sciences.

To encourage students in the critical analysis of data and models in Earth Science.
InhaltPlanet Earth has had a complex history since its formation ~4.6 billion years ago. The surface Earth is often thought of as a set of interacting systems, often with positive and negative feedbacks between them. These interacting systems control the tectonics, geomorphology, climate, and biology of the surface Earth. To fully understand the nature of the Earth System, including the controls on its past evolution, its present state, and its future, an integrated perspective is required. This is a subject that pulls in observations and models from many areas of the Earth Sciences, including geochemistry, geophysics, geology and biology. The main goal of the course is to convey this integrated view of the surface of our planet.

We will achieve this integrated view through a series of lectures, exercises, and tutorials. We take as our framework some of the key events in Earth history, encouraging understanding of the controlling processes through integrated observations, ideas and models from disciplines across science.