The spring semester 2021 will generally take place online. New presence elements as of April 26 will be communicated by the lecturers.

Nicolas Houlié: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2016

NameMr Nicolas Houlié
Institut für Geophysik
ETH Zürich, NO F 61
Sonneggstrasse 5
8092 Zürich
DepartmentEarth Sciences

103-0178-00LGeodetic Earth Monitoring4 credits3GM. Rothacher, N. Houlié
AbstractThe three pillars of geodesy, i.e. the geometry, rotation and gravity field of the Earth contribute to Earth system monitoring and will be considered here. 1) Earth rotation: theory, estimation and interpretation; 2) Gravity field: satellite missions, theory, estimation and interpretation; 3) Geodynamics (geometry): plate tectonics, earthquake cycle, isostasy and uplift rates.
ObjectiveUnderstand the basics of Earth rotation and gravity field theory, with what type of methods they are determined and what they contribute to monitoring the Earth system. Get familiar with the major geodynamic processes within the crust and mantle and how they are being observed and monitored.
ContentPart 1: Earth rotation
- Kinematics of a solid body
- Dynamic Eulerian equations of Earth rotation
- Kinematic Eulerian equations of Earth rotation
- Free rotation of the flattened Earth
- Influence of Sun and Moon, Precession, Nutation
- Earth as an elastic body
- Determination of Earth rotation parameters
- Mass distribution and mass transport affecting Earth rotation
Part 2: Gravity field
- Satellite missions
- Gravity field determination from satellite data
- Geoid computation from terrestrial data
- Combination of satellite and terrestrial gravity fields
- Precision of geoid computations
- Mass distribution and transport affecting the Earth gravity field
Part 3: Geodynamics:
- Plate tectonics theory: including ocean bottom floor magnetism Curie temperature, age of the ocean bottom floor
- Notions on crust material (oceanic/continental)
- Concepts of mantle plumes, mantle convection and mantle flow and evidences supporting them
- Earthquake cycle: elastic rebound theory, strain and stress measurements and measurements in the field during inter-, co- and post-seismic periods
- Isostasy and strength models
- Surface uplift rate applied to continental crust, volcanism, eroded areas.
Lecture notesA script and slides will be made available
LiteratureBeutler G., Methods of Celestial Mechanics. II: Application to Planetary System, Geodynamics and Satellite Geodesy, Springer, ISBN 3-540-40750-2, 2005.

Hofmann-Wellenhof B. and Moritz H., Physical Geodesy, Springer, ISBN 13-978-3-211-33544-4, 2005/2006.

Fowler C.M.R., The Solid Earth: An Introduction to Global Geophysics, Cambridge Univ. Press, ISBN 0-521-38590-3, 2005.
Prerequisites / NoticeRecommended: Basics of Higher Geodesy
Of advantage: Basics of Geodetic Earth Observation
651-1615-00LColloqium Geophysics Information 1 credit1KN. Houlié
AbstractThis colloquium comprises geophysical research presentations by invited leading scientists from Europe and overseas, advanced ETH Ph.D. students, new and established ETH scientists with specific new work to be shared with the institute. Topics cover the field of geophysics and related disciplines, to be delivered at the level of a well-informed M.Sc. graduate/early Ph.D. student.
ObjectiveAttendants of this colloquium obtain a broad overview over active and frontier research areas in geophysics as well as opened questions. Invited speakers typically present recent work: Attendants following this colloquium for multiple terms will thus be able to trace new research directions, trends, potentially diminishing research areas, controversies and resolutions thereof, and thus build a solid overview of state and direction of geophysical research. Moreover, the diverse content and delivery style shall help attendants in gaining experience in how to successfully present research results.