252-3900-00L Big Data for Engineers
|Periodizität||jährlich wiederkehrende Veranstaltung|
|Kommentar||This course is not intended for Computer Science and Data Science students!|
|Kurzbeschreibung||This course is part of the series of database lectures offered to all ETH departments, together with Information Systems for Engineers. It introduces the most recent advances in the database field: how do we scale storage and querying to Petabytes of data, with trillions of records? How do we deal with heterogeneous data sets? How do we deal with alternate data shapes like trees and graphs?|
|Lernziel||The key challenge of the information society is to turn data into information, information into knowledge, knowledge into value. This has become increasingly complex. Data comes in larger volumes, diverse shapes, from different sources. Data is more heterogeneous and less structured than forty years ago. Nevertheless, it still needs to be processed fast, with support for complex operations.|
This combination of requirements, together with the technologies that have emerged in order to address them, is typically referred to as "Big Data." This revolution has led to a completely new way to do business, e.g., develop new products and business models, but also to do science -- which is sometimes referred to as data-driven science or the "fourth paradigm".
Unfortunately, the quantity of data produced and available -- now in the Zettabyte range (that's 21 zeros) per year -- keeps growing faster than our ability to process it. Hence, new architectures and approaches for processing it were and are still needed. Harnessing them must involve a deep understanding of data not only in the large, but also in the small.
The field of databases evolves at a fast pace. In order to be prepared, to the extent possible, to the (r)evolutions that will take place in the next few decades, the emphasis of the lecture will be on the paradigms and core design ideas, while today's technologies will serve as supporting illustrations thereof.
After visiting this lecture, you should have gained an overview and understanding of the Big Data landscape, which is the basis on which one can make informed decisions, i.e., pick and orchestrate the relevant technologies together for addressing each business use case efficiently and consistently.
|Inhalt||This course gives an overview of database technologies and of the most important database design principles that lay the foundations of the Big Data universe.|
It targets specifically students with a scientific or Engineering, but not Computer Science, background.
The material is organized along three axes: data in the large, data in the small, data in the very small. A broad range of aspects is covered with a focus on how they fit all together in the big picture of the Big Data ecosystem.
- physical storage (HDFS, S3)
- logical storage (key-value stores, document stores, column stores, key-value stores, data warehouses)
- data formats and syntaxes (XML, JSON, CSV)
- data shapes and models (tables, trees, graphs)
- an overview of programming languages with a focus on their type systems (SQL, XQuery)
- the most important query paradigms (selection, projection, joining, grouping, ordering, windowing)
- paradigms for parallel processing (MapReduce) and technologies (Hadoop, Spark)
- optimization techniques (functional and declarative paradigms, query plans, rewrites, indexing)
Large scale analytics and machine learning are outside of the scope of this course.
|Literatur||Papers from scientific conferences and journals. References will be given as part of the course material during the semester.|
|Voraussetzungen / Besonderes||This course is not intended for Computer Science and Data Science students. Computer Science and Data Science students interested in Big Data MUST attend the Master's level Big Data lecture, offered in Fall.|
Requirements: programming knowledge (Java, C++, Python, PHP, ...) as well as basic knowledge on databases (SQL). If you have already built your own website with a backend SQL database, this is perfect.
Attendance is especially recommended to those who attended Information Systems for Engineers last Fall, which introduced the "good old databases of the 1970s" (SQL, tables and cubes). However, this is not a strict requirement, and it is also possible to take the lectures in reverse order.
|Information zur Leistungskontrolle (gültig bis die Lerneinheit neu gelesen wird)|
|Leistungskontrolle als Semesterkurs|
|ECTS Kreditpunkte||6 KP|
|Repetition||Die Leistungskontrolle wird nur in der Session nach der Lerneinheit angeboten. Die Repetition ist nur nach erneuter Belegung möglich.|
|Prüfungsmodus||schriftlich 150 Minuten|
|Zusatzinformation zum Prüfungsmodus||Working on the exercises is rewarded in the sense of ETH's continuous performance assessment with up to 0.25 bonus points. In principle, it is expected that students solve all exercises. In order to control this, every week, 2 to 3 batches of small assignments (25 in total) will be marked as "bonus point eligible". Students can hand in their solution to these special assignments every week, and they will be graded (pass/fail). Each one of the 25 assignment batches gives 0.01 extra point at the exam, which means that up to 0.25 can be obtained as a bonus. Note that these extra points are added before rounding to a grade with a quarter-point precision and thus may or may not affect the final grade. The final exam may be computer-based.|
|Diese Angaben können noch zu Semesterbeginn aktualisiert werden; verbindlich sind die Angaben auf dem Prüfungsplan.|
|Es werden nur die öffentlichen Lernmaterialien aufgeführt.|
|252-3900-00 V||Big Data for Engineers||2 Std.|
|252-3900-00 U||Big Data for Engineers||2 Std.|
|252-3900-00 A||Big Data for Engineers||1 Std.||G. Fourny|
|Keine Informationen zu Gruppen vorhanden.|
|Keine zusätzlichen Belegungseinschränkungen vorhanden.|