701-1802-00L  Ecology of Forest Soil

SemesterSpring Semester 2020
LecturersS. Zimmermann, J. Luster
Periodicityyearly recurring course
Language of instructionGerman
CommentTheoretical and practical knowledge in soil science are required for this lecture. The successful attendace of the following classes meet the requirements e.g. 701-0501-00L Pedosphere, 701-0034-06L Integrated Practical: Soil, 701-0560-00L Practical "Forests and Landscapes"

AbstractDeepen and apply basic knowledge in forest soil ecology obtained in previous courses; includes autonomous study of selected questions in working groups and lectures on case studies.
Objective- Deepen and apply the basic knowledge in forest soil ecology obtained in previous courses (Bachelor degree).
- Get familiar with current issues in forest soil ecology based on case studies directed to practical problems
- Gain a deeper understanding through autonomous studies of selected questions in forest ecology in working groups. This includes an autonomous soil description in the field.
Content- Overview of forest soils in Switzerland /concept of reference soils
- Forest and water (hydromorphic soils, water retention, flood protection and forest soils)
- Physical soil protection in forests: DPSIR approch (driver-pressure-state-impact-response), regeneration after compaction
- Acidification of forest soils
- Inorganic soil contamination (focus on heavy metals)
- spatial soil information (soil maps, extrapolation of point information)
- Long-term forest ecosystem research: monitoring of atmospheric pollution and reaction of the soil (soil solution and soil matrix)
- Nutrient pools and cycling in the soil environment
- Soil-plant-interactions / processes in the rhizosphere
- Carbon balance and global change
- Land-use effects on the carbon balance
- Drought and forest soils
Lecture notesLecture notes, working material exercises will be handed out.
Literature- Walthert, L., Zimmermann, S., Blaser, P., Luster, J., Lüscher, P., 2004: Waldböden der Schweiz. Volume 1. Grundlagen und Region Jura. Birmensdorf, Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt WSL. Bern, Hep Verlag, 768 pp.
- Blaser, P., Zimmermann, S., Luster, J., Walthert, L., Lüscher, P. 2005: Waldböden der Schweiz. Volume 2. Regionen Alpen und Alpensüdseite. Birmensdorf, Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt WSL. Bern, Hep Verlag, 920 pp.
- Zimmermann, S., Luster, J., Blaser, P., Walthert, L., Lüscher, P. (2006): Waldböden der Schweiz. Volume 3. Regionen Mittelland und Voralpen. Birmensdorf, Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt WSL. Bern, Hep Verlag. 848 pp.
- Ott, E., Frehner, M., Frey, H.-U., Lüscher, P., 1997: Gebirgsnadelwälder. Ein praxisorientierter Leitfaden für eine standortgerechte Waldbehandlung. Haupt, Bern. 287 pp.
- Blume, H.P., Brümmer, G., Horn, R., Kandeler, E., Kögel-Knabner, I., Kretzschmar, R., Stahr, K., Wilke, B.M. 2010. Scheffer/Schachtschabel, Lehrbuch der Bodenkunde, 16th edition, Spektrum Akademischer Verlage, Heidelberg, 569 pp.
Prerequisites / Notice- Practical field work as a basis for a presentation held during class is part of the requirement. Workload approximately 1 day.
- Each learning unit of 2 hours will be organised as follows. A lecture of one hour is followed by an hour of autonomous study in working groups on a selected topic.
- It is required that students have some knowledge in practical Soil Science (recommended: Integrated applied soil course, 4th semester, and courses of the specialization "Wald und Landschaft", part site classification (soil science & phytosociology) 6th semester)