The spring semester 2021 will certainly take place online until Easter. Exceptions: Courses that can only be carried out with on-site presence. Please note the information provided by the lecturers.

051-0364-00L  History of Urban Design II

SemesterSpring Semester 2016
LecturersV. Magnago Lampugnani
Periodicityyearly recurring course
Language of instructionGerman

AbstractThe lecture covers the time from the beginning of urban culture until the mid 19th century. With selected examples it emphasizes on the historical plannings and methods of European cities. Each specific urban development will be presented within a broader context.
ObjectiveThis course analyzes the history of urban architecture primarily in its existing three dimensional form as a complex human artefact. It also explores the inspirations that prompted the creation of this artefact: philosophical and religious concepts, social conditions, property relationships and the mechanisms that exploit the economics of real estate and the influence of building technology. Intellectual, literary or artistic modes of thought will also be assessed with regard to their impact on urban development. Urbanism has its own distinctive approach as a discipline, but it is also clearly responsive to the influence of related disciplines. Study is made of actual cities and urban expansion plans which are in the process of implementation, as well as unrealized projects and visions of the future. These projects sometimes illustrate ways of thinking that are equal to, or clearer than, actual urban situations.
ContentThe immense urban changes of the 19th century are presented along with their impacts on the developments until the interwar period.

25.02. Company Towns in Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution: The social utopia city concepts of Robert Owens and Charles Fourier

03.03. Garden Cities for tomorrow: Ebenezer Howard and the green alternative for the metropolis

10.03. Civilized wilderness and City Beautiful: from Frederick Law Olmsteds park movement to the urban planning of Daniel H. Burnham

24.03. Antagonists in the shadow of the 'Ringstrasse': the 'infinite city' of Otto Wagner, the artistic urban development of Camillo Sitte and the 'retrogressive utopia' of Adolf Loos

07.04. 'Impressionistic' city architecture: Hendrik Petrus Berlage and the School of Amsterdam

14.04. Urban design of the Beaux-Arts movement, modern classical period and a socialist skyscraper: The Cité Industrielle of Tony Garnier and the Gratte-Ciel in Villeurbanne

21.04. Ideas of the city in the radical avantgarde movement: futurism in Italy and constructivism in the postrevolutian Soviet Union

28.04. 'walkinglines' of pedestrians and 'movinglines' of the traffic: The modernization of the City of Berlin

12.05. The 'Lebensreform' movement, the 'crown of the city' and the housing schemes of the 'Neue Sachlichkeit'

19.05. Satellite town versus 'Superblock': New Frankfurt and Red Vienna
Lecture notesTo each lecture an overview is listet within a script (two semesters of the bachelor studies), that can be purchased at the chair for the history of urban design (HIL D 75.2) at the price of SFR 35,-. The script serves as an auxiliary means to the attended lecture compiling the most important illustrations showed and the names and dates of the buildings and its builders along with a short introductory note.
LiteratureFurther recommended literature to consult is listet within the script.
Prerequisites / NoticeUrban architecture from antiquity till the 19th century