051-1140-16L  Architectural Design V-IX: Occupy/Grow/Edit (Brillembourg/Klumpner)

SemesterFrühjahrssemester 2016
DozierendeA. Brillembourg, H. Klumpner
Periodizitätjedes Semester wiederkehrende Veranstaltung
LehrspracheEnglisch
KommentarPlease register (www.mystudies.ethz.ch) only after the internal enrolment for the design classes (see http://www.einschreibung.arch.ethz.ch/design.php)


KurzbeschreibungThe design studio focuses on the development of a replicable housing prototype and its anticipative urban strategy for an informal settlement of Cape Town, South Africa. The studio will respond to the urgent need for dignified, affordable and quality housing and leverage the potential of rapid and strategic urban planning, community capacity building, industry and local building systems.
LernzielEach student will develop his/her project through three scales:

OCCUPY - the individual housing unit and its aggregated form
GROW - neighborhood development including public space and services
EDIT - urban systems and large scale visions on how the townships become part of a unified city

The focus of the studio is on Masiphumelele, a township in Cape Town that as of November 2015 lost 1000 households in a devastating fire, leaving 4000 residents homeless. Before the fire, residents lived in "shacks" - informal structures constructed from wood and corrugated metal scraps. After the fire, these newly formed refugees are quickly attempting to rebuild their livelihoods with any available material, while the city struggles to structure the development with safety implementations and basic infrastructure to prevent more fires from happening. What results is the contested city, a battle between occupation and intervention, leading to the creation of an uncertain urban landscape.

Brillembourg and Klumpner will lead students of this class in an investigation, in real time, on solutions for ground up, tabula rasa urbanism while attempting to understand the complex roles residents, city planners, architects, governments, and charitable institutions have in upgrading metabolistic communities afflicted by urban reconstruction issues. We will investigate architecture's role in the context of land appropriation, rapid construction, incremental development, the inclusion of appropriate infrastructure, and the implementation of sustainable densities, all in the context of the three proposed scales for the design studio.

Students will develop a comprehensive housing prototype (approximately 80 aggregated households) into a resultant urban plan to be presented in Cape Town with local partners including the City of Cape Town, NGOs Masicorp and Ikhayalami, and the University of Cape Town. The studio research and design will engage itself in the Empower Shack project, an ongoing housing design-research initiative currently being developed in the Urban-Think Tank Chair with support of the Swiss Re Foundation. The goal is to provide design strategies to alleviate a national and global crisis, while remaining embedded within local community-driven processes around resource allocation.
InhaltStudents will undertake research by studying existing test cases, formulating their design hypothesis, planning individual urban scenarios, modeling their designs through various formats, and communicating their intentions in a series of critiques and reviews. Students will be encouraged to develop an individual and critical position on the potential role of the architect to guide a design process within broader social, political and economic systems.

A series of lectures, screenings, readings and discussions will accompany the design program. Workshops and in-studio tutorials will also be provided to train students in effective methods of representing complex ideas through visual media. These will be given by selected experts from the fields of architecture, urbanism, landscape, building technologies and associated disciplines, as well as experts from the Urban-Think Tank Chair.
SkriptTRAINING
- Developing strategies of design for informal settlements afflicted with issues such as poverty, environmental disaster, high density, resource delivery, crime and safety. (With the UN Habitat Chair of Informal Urbanism and the newly formed Institute of Science, Technology and Policy (ISTP/ETH)).
- Developing drawing and modeling techniques across a variety of media to represent architectural and urban ideas. (Courses on GIS, Rhino, VRay, Graphic Design taught by U-TT researchers Andrea Rossi, Diego Ceresuela, Danny Wills, and Michael Waldrep)
- Understanding techniques of building focused on alternative materials and construction systems, methods of rapid development, economic modeling, environmental strategies, community based participatory design processes, incremental spatial planning, and the creation of new urban scenarios.
- Addressing the rapidly changing context of cities in developing and post-disaster countries in the global south. Bridging top-down policy with bottom-up practices.
- This studio includes an integrated discipline component (Planning). ECTS Kreditpunkte: 13 + 3
LiteraturFor more information on this studio, please refer to our Chair's website: http://u-tt.com/teaching/masi

All inquiries can be directed to:
Danny Wills - wills@arch.ethz.ch
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe design studio is also offered in conjunction with the Seminar Week trip to Cape Town, South Africa through the Urban-Think Tank Chair of Architecture and Urban Design. Enrollment in the Seminar Week is NOT required but is recommended as it forms an essential part of the studio and maximizes design output.


Introduction: 23 February 2015, 10 am, ONA

Integrated discipline: Urban design (Planning)
Language: English
Work: Groups (analysis) - Individual (design project)
Location: ONA


Chair: Prof. Brillembourg & Prof. Klumpner

Assistants: Danny Wills, Diego Ceresuela