The spring semester 2021 will certainly take place online until Easter. Exceptions: Courses that can only be carried out with on-site presence. Please note the information provided by the lecturers.

751-3401-00L  Plant Nutrition I

SemesterAutumn Semester 2016
LecturersE. Frossard
Periodicityyearly recurring course
Language of instructionGerman


AbstractThe aim of these lecture is to present the processes controlling the uptake and transport of nutrients and water by the plant, the assimilation of nutrients in the plant, the effect of nutrients on crop yield and quality, the role of the soil as a source of nutrients for crops, and the basic principles of fertilization of different crop types using mineral and organic fertilizers.
ObjectiveAt the end of the lecture, students know how mineral nutrients and water are taken up through roots and circulate in the plants and what their roles in plants are. They understand the importance of nutrients for yield formation and for crop product quality. They are able to propose fertilization plans adapted for field crops growing under Swiss conditions.
ContentA general introduction explains the needs of appropriately managing nutrients in plant production. Afterwards, we will study the physiology of plant nutrition (nutrient uptake by roots; water and nutrient transports in the plant; physiological roles of nutrients in the plant). Then the role of nutrients for yield formation and their effects on crop quality is dealt with. Finally, the bases of crop fertilization are taught (availability of nutrient in soil; N, P and K fertilization; different types of fertilizers).
Lecture notesWe will distribute a script for the part dealing with the physiology of plant nutrition. For the part on fertilization we will use the booklet of ACW and ART presenting the recommendations for the fertilization of crops and grassland in Switzerland (GRUDAF/DBF).
LiteraturePhysiology of plant nutrition:
Epstein and Bloom 2004. Mineral nutrition of plants: Principles and perspectives
Taiz and Zeiger 2002. Plant physiology.
Marschner 1995. Mineral Nutrition of higher plants.
Schilling 2000. Pflanzenernährung und Düngung.
Schubert S 2006 Pflanzenernährung Grundwissen Bachelor Ulmer UTB
Pictures of nutrients deficiency symptoms:
Bergmann, W. 1988. Ernährungsstörungen bei Kulturpflanzen.
http://www.tll.de/visuplant/vp_idx.htm
Water balance:
Kramer, P.J., Boyer, J.S. 1995. Water relations of plants and soils.
Lösch, R. 2001. Wasserhaushalt der Pflanzen.
Ehlers, W. 1996. Wasser in Boden und Pflanze.