751-3401-00L Plant Nutrition I
|Semester||Autumn Semester 2016|
|Periodicity||yearly recurring course|
|Language of instruction||German|
|Abstract||The aim of these lecture is to present the processes controlling the uptake and transport of nutrients and water by the plant, the assimilation of nutrients in the plant, the effect of nutrients on crop yield and quality, the role of the soil as a source of nutrients for crops, and the basic principles of fertilization of different crop types using mineral and organic fertilizers.|
|Objective||At the end of the lecture, students know how mineral nutrients and water are taken up through roots and circulate in the plants and what their roles in plants are. They understand the importance of nutrients for yield formation and for crop product quality. They are able to propose fertilization plans adapted for field crops growing under Swiss conditions.|
|Content||A general introduction explains the needs of appropriately managing nutrients in plant production. Afterwards, we will study the physiology of plant nutrition (nutrient uptake by roots; water and nutrient transports in the plant; physiological roles of nutrients in the plant). Then the role of nutrients for yield formation and their effects on crop quality is dealt with. Finally, the bases of crop fertilization are taught (availability of nutrient in soil; N, P and K fertilization; different types of fertilizers).|
|Lecture notes||We will distribute a script for the part dealing with the physiology of plant nutrition. For the part on fertilization we will use the booklet of ACW and ART presenting the recommendations for the fertilization of crops and grassland in Switzerland (GRUDAF/DBF).|
|Literature||Physiology of plant nutrition:|
Epstein and Bloom 2004. Mineral nutrition of plants: Principles and perspectives
Taiz and Zeiger 2002. Plant physiology.
Marschner 1995. Mineral Nutrition of higher plants.
Schilling 2000. Pflanzenernährung und Düngung.
Schubert S 2006 Pflanzenernährung Grundwissen Bachelor Ulmer UTB
Pictures of nutrients deficiency symptoms:
Bergmann, W. 1988. Ernährungsstörungen bei Kulturpflanzen.
Kramer, P.J., Boyer, J.S. 1995. Water relations of plants and soils.
Lösch, R. 2001. Wasserhaushalt der Pflanzen.
Ehlers, W. 1996. Wasser in Boden und Pflanze.