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636-0101-00L  Systems Genomics

SemesterFrühjahrssemester 2019
DozierendeN. Beerenwinkel, C. Beisel, S. Reddy
Periodizitätjährlich wiederkehrende Veranstaltung

KurzbeschreibungThis lecture course is an introduction to Systems Genomics. It addresses how fundamental questions in biological systems are studied and how the resulting data is statistically analyzed in order to derive predictive mathematical models. The focus is on viewing biology from a genomic perspective, which requires high-throughput experimental methods (e.g., RNA-seq, genome-scale screening, single-cell
LernzielThe goal of this course is to learn how a detailed quantitative description of genome biology can be employed for a better understanding of molecular and cellular processes and function. Students will learn fundamental questions driving the field of Systems Genomics. They will also be introduced to traditional and advanced state-of-the-art technologies (e.g., CRISPR-Cas9 screening, droplet-microfluidic sequencing, cellular genetic barcoding) that are used to obtain quantitative data in Systems Genomics. They will learn how to use these data to develop mathematical models and efficient statistical inference algorithms to recognize patterns, molecular interrelationships, and systems behavior. Finally, students will gain a perspective of how Systems Genomics can be used for applied biological sciences (e.g., drug discovery and screening, bio-production, cell line engineering, biomarker discovery, and diagnostics).
InhaltLectures in Systems Genomics will alternate between lectures on (i) biological questions, experimental technologies, and applications, and (ii) statistical data analysis and mathematical modeling. Selected complex biological systems and the respective experimental tools for a quantitative analysis will be presented. Some specific examples are the use of RNA-sequencing to do quantitative gene expression profiling, CRISPR-Cas9 genome scale screening to identify genes responsible for drug resistance, single-cell measurements to identify novel cellular phenotypes, and genetic barcoding of cells to dissect development and lineage differentiation.

Main Topics:
-- Next-generation sequencing
-- Transcriptomics
-- Biological network analysis
-- Functional and perturbation genomics
-- Single-cell biology and analysis
-- Genomic profiling of the immune system
-- Genomic profiling of cancer
-- Evolutionary genomics
-- Genome-wide association studies

Selected genomics datasets will be analyzed by students in the tutorials using the statistical programming language R and dedicated Bioconductor packages.
SkriptThe PowerPoint presentations of the lectures as well as other course material relevant for an active participation will be made available online.
Literatur-- Do K-A, Qin ZS & Vannucci M (2013) Advances in Statistical Bioinformatics: Models and Integrative Inference for High-Throughput Data, Cambridge University Press
-- Klipp E. et al (2009) Systems Biology, Wiley-Blackwell
-- Alon U (2007) An Introduction to Systems Biology, Chapman & Hall
-- Zvelebil M & Baum JO (2008) Understanding Bioinformatics, Garland Science