252-0834-00L Information Systems for Engineers
|Semester||Spring Semester 2020|
|Periodicity||yearly recurring course|
|Language of instruction||English|
|Abstract||This course provides the basics of relational databases from the perspective of the user.|
We will discover why tables are so incredibly powerful to express relations, learn the SQL query language, and how to make the most of it. The course also covers support for data cubes (analytics).
|Objective||This lesson is complementary with Big Data for Engineers as they cover different time periods of database history and practices -- you can even take both lectures at the same time.|
After visiting this course, you will be capable to:
1. Explain, in the big picture, how a relational database works and what it can do in your own words.
2. Explain the relational data model (tables, rows, attributes, primary keys, foreign keys), formally and informally, including the relational algebra operators (select, project, rename, all kinds of joins, division, cartesian product, union, intersection, etc).
3. Perform non-trivial reading SQL queries on existing relational databases, as well as insert new data, update and delete existing data.
4. Design new schemas to store data in accordance to the real world's constraints, such as relationship cardinality
5. Explain what bad design is and why it matters.
6. Adapt and improve an existing schema to make it more robust against anomalies, thanks to a very good theoretical knowledge of what is called "normal forms".
7. Understand how indices work (hash indices, B-trees), how they are implemented, and how to use them to make queries faster.
8. Access an existing relational database from a host language such as Java, using bridges such as JDBC.
9. Explain what data independence is all about and didn't age a bit since the 1970s.
10. Explain, in the big picture, how a relational database is physically implemented.
11. Know and deal with the natural syntax for relational data, CSV.
12. Explain the data cube model including slicing and dicing.
13. Store data cubes in a relational database.
14. Map cube queries to SQL.
15. Slice and dice cubes in a UI.
And of course, you will think that tables are the most wonderful object in the world.
|Content||Using a relational database|
2. The relational model
3. Data definition with SQL
4. The relational algebra
5. Queries with SQL
Taking a relational database to the next level
6. Database design theory
7. Databases and host languages
8. Databases and host languages
9. Indices and optimization
10. Database architecture and storage
Analytics on top of a relational database
12. Data cubes
|Literature||- Lecture material (slides).|
- Book: "Database Systems: The Complete Book", H. Garcia-Molina, J.D. Ullman, J. Widom
(It is not required to buy the book, as the library has it)
|Prerequisites / Notice||For non-CS/DS students only, BSc and MSc|
Elementary knowledge of set theory and logics
Knowledge as well as basic experience with a programming language such as Pascal, C, C++, Java, Haskell, Python