651-4076-00L Anisotropical Behaviour and Rheology of Rocks
|Semester||Spring Semester 2016|
|Periodicity||yearly recurring course|
|Course||Does not take place this semester.|
|Language of instruction||English|
|Abstract||Anisotropy of rocks: from laboratory measurements to numerical prediction. Link between structural geology, petrology and geophysics.|
Rheology of rocks: from laboratory measurements to flow laws used for numerical modelling. Special emphasis on plastic deformation.
|Objective||Give laboratory experience for the determination of physical properties of rocks and comparison with the numerical prediction.|
|Content||Description of physical properties (seismic, thermal and electrical conductivity, permeability etc.)|
Elasticity in isotropic media.
Microscopic aspects of anisotropy.
Elasticity and seismic velocities in crystals.
Elasticity in polyphase rocks.
Exercises with software (Mainprice) to calculate seismic properties.
Methods for the measurements of seismic properties of rocks in Laboratory. Practice on the bench with the oscilloscope.
Anisotropy at different scales.
Rheology and deformation mechanism: from single phase to polyphase rocks (solid state).
Measurements and elaboration of LPO, SPO using OIM, Beartex, Surfor and Paror software.
Introduction to rheology and flow laws.
Deformation mechanism maps, crustal strength profiles and extrapolation from experiment to nature .
Experimental rock deformation techniques (stress-strain curves etc.).
Experimental deformation in Laboratory. Practice using uniaxial experimental set-up. Example in the brittle field.
Experimental deformation practical in the Paterson gas rig.
|Literature||Properties of earth and planetary materials at high pressure and temperature (M. Manghnani and T. Yagi eds.) (1998). AGU Geophys. Monograph. 101, Washington DC. p562|
Handbook of physical constants (P. Sydney and JR Clark eds.) (1966). GSA Memoir 97, New Haven, p587
Wave fields in real media: wave peropagation in anisotropic, anelastic and porous media. M. Carcione. (2001). Pergamon press, Amsterdam, p390
Experimental rock deformation. The brittle field. M.S. Paterson. (1978). Springer Verlag, Berlin, p254.
Phisical properties of crystals. J.F. Nye (1972) University press, Oxford. p322.
Mineral physics and crystallography: a handbook of physical consants. (T.J. Ahrens ed.). 1995. AGU reference shelf 2, Washington DC, p354
Rock physics and phase relations: a handbook of physical consants. (T.J. Ahrens ed.). 1995. AGU reference shelf 3, Washington DC, p236
Introduction to the physics of the earth’s interior. J.-P. Poirier. (1991) Cambridge University press. Cambridge p264
Introduction to the physics of rocks. Y. Gueguen and V. Palciauskas.(1994). Princeton University press. Princeton p294
Physical properties of rocks and minerals. (R.S.Charmicael ed.). (1989). CRC press. Boca Raton, p741.
Seismic anisotropy in the earth. V. Babuska and M. Cara (1991). Kluwer. Dordrtecht. p217.
|Performance assessment information (valid until the course unit is held again)|
|Performance assessment as a semester course|
|ECTS credits||3 credits|
|Examiners||K. Kunze, A. S. Zappone|
|Language of examination||English|
|Repetition||A repetition date will be offered in the first two weeks of the semester immediately consecutive.|
|No public learning materials available.|
|Only public learning materials are listed.|
|651-4076-00 G||Anisotropical Behaviour and Rheology of Rocks|
Does not take place this semester.
|No information on groups available.|
|There are no additional restrictions for the registration.|
|Earth Sciences Master||Structural Geology||W|