051-0515-16L  Building Physics IV: Urban Physics

Semester Herbstsemester 2016
Dozierende J. Carmeliet, J. Allegrini, D. W. Brunner, C. Schär, H. Wernli, J. M. Wunderli
Periodizität jährlich wiederkehrende Veranstaltung
Lehrsprache Englisch


Kurzbeschreibung Urban physics: wind, wind comfort, pollutant dispersion, natural ventilation, driving rain, heat islands, climate change and weather conditions, urban acoustics and energy use in the urban context.
Lernziel - Basic knowledge of the global climate and the local microclimate around buildings
- Impact of urban environment on wind, ventilation, rain, pollutants, acoustics and energy, and their relation to comfort, durability, air quality and energy demand
- Application of urban physics concepts in urban design
Inhalt - Climate Change. The Global Picture: global energy balance, global climate models, the IPCC process. Towards regional climate scenarios: role of spatial resolution, overview of approaches, hydrostatic RCMs, cloud-resolving RCMs
- Urban micro climate and comfort: urban heat island effect, wind flow and radiation in the built environment, convective heat transport modelling, heat balance and ventilation of urban spaces - impact of morphology, outdoor wind comfort, outdoor thermal comfort,
- Urban energy and urban design. Energy performance of building quarters and cities, decentralized urban energy production and storage technologies, district heating networks, optimization of energy consumption at district level, effect of the micro climate, urban heat islands, and climate change on the energy performance of buildings and building blocks.
- Wind driving rain (WDR): WDR phenomena, WDR experimental and modeling, wind blocking effect, applications and moisture durability
- Pollutant dispersion. pollutant cycle : emission, transport and deposition, air quality
- Urban acoustics. noise propagation through the urban environment, meteorological effects, urban acoustic modeling, noise reduction measures, urban vegetation
Skript All material is provided via the website of the chair (www.carmeliet.arch.ethz.ch/Education/).
Literatur All material is provided via the website of the chair (www.carmeliet.arch.ethz.ch/Education/).
Voraussetzungen / Besonderes No prior knowledge is required.