Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2016
|Electives: Physics and Mathematics|
|Selection: Solid State Physics|
|402-0521-66L||Modern Aspects in Surface Science Research: Techniques and Applications||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||O. Gürlü|
|Abstract||The Course will treat the subjects of the crystal structure of bulk and surfaces, imaging surfaces with electrons and ions, general scanning probe microscopy methods, Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy, Atomic force microscopy, Electronic structure of the bulk and surfaces, Photoelectric emission, STM and AFM spectroscopy. The various techniques will be illustrated with examples from modern research.|
|Objective||It is the aim of this course to provide a review of modern aspects in surface science research.|
The course will start with an overview of the fundamentals of bulk crystals and a reminder on the x-ray diffraction from crystals. We will continue with the extension of the alphabet of bulk crystal structure to surfaces and the nomenclature of surface reconstructions and interesting structures like moiré patterns will be introduced. Following the two introductory weeks, we will dwell in to the realm of imaging the surfaces. We will start with electron beam based imaging and analysis techniques of surfaces. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Low Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED) and Low Energy Electron Microscopy (LEEM) will be discussed. Imaging with ion beam based techniques like Low Energy Ion Scattering (LEIS) and He-ion microscopy will be touched upon. Following these, probe microscopy techniques will be explored starting with the topografiner and continuing with Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy (STM). Basics of Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) will follow. Imaging is a fundamental part of efforts on understanding surfaces. Yet, a through understanding and capability of generating and manipulating novel surface and interface systems can only be achieved by studying the electronic structure of surfaces. In order to investigate the electronic structure of surface and interface systems, a basic knowledge of the bulk electronic structure is necessary. So, introductory concepts on the electronic structure of the bulk and low dimensional systems will be discussed. Then, the basics of photoelectron emission form surfaces will be given. In the final two weeks of the course an overview of the spectroscopic modes of scanning probes and atomic scale electron spectroscopy will be introduced.
1) Introduction and reminder of bulk crystals (week 1):
Reminder of the crystal structure, x-ray diffraction and determination of the crystal structure.
2) Crystal surfaces (weeks 2 and 3):
Definitions, description of surfaces, and reconstructions; Moire patterns; quasi-crystals.
3) Imaging surfaces with electrons (week 4):
SEM, LEED, LEEM
4) Imaging surfaces with ions (week 5):
LEIS, He ion microscopy
5) Introduction to probe microscopy (week 6):
General problems , field ion microscope, topografiner
6) Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy (weeks 6, 7 and 8):
Tunnelling problem (reminder), work function derivation and measurement with STM, imaging surfaces in real space, surface reconstructions, examples form metals and semiconductors and hybrid surface systems
7) Atomic force microscopy (week 9):
Technique, basics, examples.
8) Electronic structure of the bulk (week 10):
Reminders: density of states, band structure, low dimensional systems
9) Electronic structure of surfaces (week 11):
Bulk derived states, image states, examples from STM research
10) Photoelectric emission (week 12):
Basics of spectroscopy with x-rays and electrons.
11) STM and AFM derived spectroscopy techniques (weeks 13 and 14):
Comparative studies of Scanning Tunnelling spectroscopy (STS) to other integral spectroscopic methods.
|Literature||1) John A. Venables, Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes, Cambridge University Press (2000)|
2) Hans Lüth, Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films (6th ed.), Springer (2010)
3) Andrew Zangwill , Physics at Surfaces, Cambridge University Press (1988)
4) Julian Chen, Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, Oxford University Press (2016)
5) Bert Voigtlaender, Scanning Probe Microscopy: Atomic Force Microscopy and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, Springer (2015)
6) Charles Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics (8th Ed.)
7) Neil W. Ashcroft and N. David Mermin, Solid State Physics
8) Harald Ibach and Hans Lüth, Solid-State Physics: An Introduction to Principles of Materials Science
9) Further reading material will be supplied.
|Prerequisites / Notice||At least, 4 homework will be assigned.|
|402-0526-00L||Ultrafast Processes in Solids||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||Y. M. Acremann, A. Vaterlaus|
|Abstract||Ultrafast processes in solids are of fundamental interest as well as relevant for modern technological applications. The dynamics of the lattice, the electron gas as well as the spin system of a solid are discussed. The focus is on time resolved experiments which provide insight into pico- and femtosecond dynamics.|
|Objective||After attending this course you understand the dynamics of essential excitation processes which occur in solids and you have an overview over state of the art experimental techniques used to study fast processes.|
|Content||1. Experimental techniques, an overview|
2. Dynamics of the electron gas
2.1 First experiments on electron dynamics and lattice heating
2.2 The finite lifetime of excited states
2.3 Detection of lifetime effects
2.4 Dynamical properties of reactions and adsorbents
3. Dynamics of the lattice
3.2 Non-thermal melting
4. Dynamics of the spin system
4.1 Laser induced ultrafast demagnetization
4.2 Ultrafast spin currents generated by lasers
4.4 Laser induced switching
5. Correlated materials
|Lecture notes||will be distributed|
|Literature||relevant publications will be cited|
|Prerequisites / Notice||The lecture can also be followed by interested non-physics students as basic concepts will be introduced.|
This lecture is complementary to the lecture on "ultrafast methods for solid state physics" of the spring semester. Both lectures can be attended independently. The focus of this lecture is on the physical processes whereas the focus of the "ultrafast methods for solid state physics" lecture is on the experimental techniques.
|402-0535-00L||Introduction to Magnetism||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||A. Vindigni|
|Abstract||Atomic paramagnetism and diamagnetism, intinerant and local-moment magnetism, Ising and Heisenberg models, the mean-field approximation, spin waves, magnetic phase transition, domains and domain walls, magnetization dynamics from picoseconds to human time scales.|
|Content||The lecture ''Introduction to Magnetism'' is the regular course on Magnetism for the Master curriculum of the Department of Physics of ETH Zurich. With respect to specialized courses related to Magnetism (such as the one held by R. Allenspach in FS16) this lecture addresses more fundamental aspects -- quantum and statistical physics of magnetism -- which are often not comprehensively spelled out in conventional lectures on solid state physics.|
Preliminary contents for the HS16:
- Magnetism in atoms (quantum-mechanical origin of atomic magnetic moments, intra-atomic exchange interaction)
- Magnetism in solids (mechanisms producing inter-atomic exchange interaction in solids, crystal field).
- Magnetic order at finite temperatures (Ising and Heisenberg models, mean-field approximation, low-dimensional magnetism)
- Dipolar interaction in ferromagnets (shape anisotropy, frustration and modulated phases of magnetic domains)
- Spin physics in the time domain (Larmor precession, resonance phenomena, Bloch equation, Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation, superparamagnetism)
|Lecture notes||Lecture notes and slides are made available during the course, through the Moodle portal.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||The former title of this course unit was "Fundamental Aspects of Magnetism". This lecture insists on the fundamental aspects -- quantum physics and statistical physics of magnetism.|
Applications to nanoscale magnetism will be considered from the perspective of basic underlying principles.
|402-0595-00L||Semiconductor Nanostructures||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||T. M. Ihn|
|Abstract||The course covers the foundations of semiconductor nanostructures, e.g., materials, band structures, bandgap engineering and doping, field-effect transistors. The physics of the quantum Hall effect and of common nanostructures based on two-dimensional electron gases will be discussed, i.e., quantum point contacts, Aharonov-Bohm rings and quantum dots.|
|Objective||At the end of the lecture the student should understand four key phenomena of electron transport in semiconductor nanostructures:|
1. The integer quantum Hall effect
2. Conductance quantization in quantum point contacts
3. the Aharonov-Bohm effect
4. Coulomb blockade in quantum dots
|Content||1. Introduction and overview|
2. Semiconductor crystals: Fabrication and band structures
3. k.p-theory, effective mass
4. Envelope functions and effective mass approximation, heterostructures and band engineering
5. Fabrication of semiconductor nanostructures
6. Elektrostatics and quantum mechanics of semiconductor nanostructures
7. Heterostructures and two-dimensional electron gases
8. Drude Transport
9. Electron transport in quantum point contacts; Landauer-Büttiker description
10. Ballistic transport experiments
11. Interference effects in Aharonov-Bohm rings
12. Electron in a magnetic field, Shubnikov-de Haas effect
13. Integer quantum Hall effect
14. Coulomb blockade and quantum dots
|Lecture notes||T. Ihn, Semiconductor Nanostructures, Quantum States and Electronic Transport, Oxford University Press, 2010.|
|Literature||In addition to the lecture notes, the following supplementary books can be recommended:|
1. J. H. Davies: The Physics of Low-Dimensional Semiconductors, Cambridge University Press (1998)
2. S. Datta: Electronic Transport in Mesoscopic Systems, Cambridge University Press (1997)
3. D. Ferry: Transport in Nanostructures, Cambridge University Press (1997)
4. T. M. Heinzel: Mesoscopic Electronics in Solid State Nanostructures: an Introduction, Wiley-VCH (2003)
5. Beenakker, van Houten: Quantum Transport in Semiconductor Nanostructures, in: Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures, Academic Press (1991)
6. Y. Imry: Introduction to Mesoscopic Physics, Oxford University Press (1997)
|Prerequisites / Notice||The lecture is suitable for all physics students beyond the bachelor of science degree. Basic knowledge of solid state physics is recommended. Very ambitioned students in the third year may be able to follow. The lecture can be chosen as part of the PhD-program. The course is taught in English.|
|402-0313-00L||Materials Research Using Synchrotron Radiation||W||6 credits||2V + 2P||L. Heyderman, V. Scagnoli|
|Abstract||The course gives an introduction to the use of synchrotron radiation in materials science. It treats the generation of intense x-ray beams at synchrotron radiation sources and their use for the characterisation of materials properties at different length scales. As part of the course, experiments will be carried out at the Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrrer Institut.|
|Objective||A comprehensive understanding of the interaction of x-rays with condensed matter and their use in materials analysis; acquiring hands-on experience with the use of synchrotron radiation.|
|Content||Interaction of x-rays with matter:|
Elastic scattering from bound electron, atom and assemblies of atoms; Compton scattering; principles of diffraction from crystals and scattering from disordered systems; thermal diffuse scattering, small-angle scattering from nanometre-sized objects; X-ray absorption spectroscopy; microscopy; comparison with neutron scattering, where appropriate.
The generation of high-brilliance x-ray beams at synchrotron radiation sources:
Undulators, wigglers and bending magnets; comparison with conventional lab sources; the future x-ray free electron laser.
Monochromator; diffractometer; detector.
Determination of materials properties:
Crystal structure; defects and strain fields; structure of surfaces and interfaces; chemical bonding properties.
Coherent x-ray scattering and diffractive imaging.
|Lecture notes||A reader and a guide through the experiments at the Swiss Light Source will be made available on the web.|
|Literature||Philip Willmott: An Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation: Techniques and Applications, Wiley, 2011|
J. Als-Nielsen and D. McMorrow: Elements of Modern X-Ray Physics, Wiley, 2011.
The lab course has been designed by J. Als-Nielsen in collaboration with staff from the SLS.
|Prerequisites / Notice||Part of the course is in the form of practical work at the Swiss Light Source. During two days (dates to be agreed), the following experiments will be performed: (1) elastic and Compton scattering, (2) liquid scattering and powder diffraction, and (4) X-ray absorption spectroscopy.|
|402-0317-00L||Semiconductor Materials: Fundamentals and Fabrication||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||S. Schön, W. Wegscheider|
|Abstract||This course gives an introduction into the fundamentals of semiconductor materials. The main focus is on state-of-the-art fabrication and characterization methods. The course will be continued in the spring term with a focus on applications.|
|Objective||Basic knowledge of semiconductor physics and technology. Application of this knowledge for state-of-the-art semiconductor device processing|
|Content||Fundamentals of Solid State Physics: Semiconductor materials, band structures, carrier statistics in intrinsic and doped seminconductors, p-n junctions, low-dimensional structures;|
Bulk Material growth of Semiconductors: Czochralski method, floating zone method, high pressure synthesis;
Semiconductor Epitaxy: Fundamentals, MBE, MOCVD, LPE;
In situ characterization: RHEED, LEED, AES, XPS, process control (temperature, thickness)
|Selection: Quantum Electronics|
|402-0464-00L||Optical Properties of Semiconductors||W||8 credits||2V + 2U||A. Imamoglu, G. Scalari|
|Abstract||This course presents a comprehensive discussion of optical processes in semiconductors.|
|Objective||The rich physics of the optical properties of semiconductors, as well as the advanced processing available on these material, enabled numerous applications (lasers, LEDs and solar cells) as well as the realization of new physical concepts. Systems that will be covered include quantum dots, exciton-polaritons, quantum Hall fluids and graphene-like materials.|
|Content||Electronic states in III-V materials and quantum structures, optical transitions, excitons and polaritons, novel two dimensional semiconductors, spin-orbit interaction and magneto-optics.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||Prerequisites: Quantum Mechanics I, Introduction to Solid State Physics|
|402-0865-66L||Physics of Cold Atomic Gases||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||W. Zwerger|
|402-0415-62L||Modern Topics in Terahertz Science||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||S. Johnson|
|Abstract||This course reviews current research topics in Terahertz Science with a strong focus on scientific applications in physics, chemistry and biology, as well as the emerging field of nonlinear THz optics.|
|Objective||Terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation lies at the border between electronics and optics, and as such has many unique properties that make it well-suited to study the electronic, magnetic and structural properties of many materials. The course objective is to give students the ability to identify problems of current interest in physics, chemistry, materials science and biology that can be potentially addressed using terahertz photonics and to design potential experimental solutions.|
The course will focus predominantly on understanding research conducted over the last 4-5 years at the forefront of this developing field, with a strong emphasis on nonlinear THz science which has only recently become possible. This in particular has generated excitement as it offers potential new ways to control chemical reactions and/or phase transitons in materials.
|Content||Topics to be discussed in the class include:|
1) Overview of THz & interactions with matter
2) THz generation and detection
3) Linear THz spectroscopies
5) Nonlinear THz interactions
|Lecture notes||Scripts will be distributed via moodle.|
|Literature||The readings for the course will draw mostly on current journal articles that will be distributed in class/via moodle. There is also a general textbook listed below available electronically via the ETH library system. You can also order a black-and-white paperback via an "on-demand" system for a pretty reasonable price.|
Principles of Terahertz Science and Technology, Yun-Shick Lee (Springer, 2008).
|Prerequisites / Notice||Prerequqisites: Quantum electronics.|
The former course title of this course is "Terahertz Technology and Applications".
|Selection: Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics|
|402-0725-00L||Experimental Methods and Instruments of Particle Physics||W||6 credits||3V + 1U||U. Langenegger, M. Dittmar, A. Streun, University lecturers|
|Abstract||Physics and design of particle accelerators.|
Basics and concepts of particle detectors.
Track- and vertex-detectors, calorimetry, particle identification.
Special applications like Cherenkov detectors, air showers, direct detection of dark matter.
Simulation methods, readout electronics, trigger and data acquisition.
Examples of key experiments.
|Objective||Acquire an in-depth understanding and overview of the essential elements of experimental methods in particle physics, including accelerators and experiments.|
|Content||1. Examples of modern experiments |
2. Basics: Bethe-Bloch, radiation length, nucl. interaction length, fixed-target vs. collider, principles of measurements: energy- and momentum-conservation, etc
3. Physics and layout of accelerators
4. Charged particle tracking and vertexing
6. Particle identification
7. Analysis methods: invariant and missing mass, jet algorithms, b-tagging
8. Special detectors: extended airshower detectors and cryogenic detectors
9. MC simulations (GEANT), trigger, readout, electronics
|Lecture notes||Slides are handed out regularly, see http://www.physik.uzh.ch/en/teaching/PHY461/HS2016.html|
|402-0713-00L||Astro-Particle Physics I||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||A. Biland|
|Abstract||This lecture gives an overview of the present research in the field of Astro-Particle Physics, including the different experimental techniques. In the first semester, main topics are the charged cosmic rays including the antimatter problem. The second semester focuses on the neutral components of the cosmic rays as well as on some aspects of Dark Matter.|
|Objective||Successful students know:|
- experimental methods to measure cosmic ray particles over full energy range
- current knowledge about the composition of cosmic ray
- possible cosmic acceleration mechanisms
- correlation between astronomical object classes and cosmic accelerators
- information about our galaxy and cosmology gained from observations of cosmic ray
|Content||First semester (Astro-Particle Physics I):|
- definition of 'Astro-Particle Physics'
- important historical experiments
- chemical composition of the cosmic rays
- direct observations of cosmic rays
- indirect observations of cosmic rays
- 'extended air showers' and 'cosmic muons'
- 'knee' and 'ankle' in the energy spectrum
- the 'anti-matter problem' and the Big Bang
- 'cosmic accelerators'
|Lecture notes||See lecture home page: http://ihp-lx2.ethz.ch/AstroTeilchen/|
|Literature||See lecture home page: http://ihp-lx2.ethz.ch/AstroTeilchen/|
|402-0833-00L||Particle Physics in the Early Universe|
Does not take place this semester.
|W||6 credits||2V + 1U|
|Abstract||An introduction to key concepts on the interface of Particle Physics and Early Universe cosmology. Topics include inflation and inflationary models, the ElectroWeak phase transition and vacuum stability, matter-antimatter asymmetry, recombination and the Cosmic Microwave Background, relic abundances and primordial nucleosynthesis, baryogenesis, dark matter and more.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||Prerequisites: Particle Physics Phenomenolgy 1 or Quantum Field Theory 1|
Recommended: Quantum Field Theory 2, Advanced Field Theory, General Relativity
|402-0715-00L||Low Energy Particle Physics||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||A. S. Antognini, P. A. Schmidt-Wellenburg|
|Abstract||Low energy particle physics provides complementary information to high energy physics with colliders. In this lecture, we will concentrate on selected experiments, using mainly neutrons and muons, which have significantly improved our understanding of particle physics today.|
|Objective||The course aims to provide an introduction to selected advanced topics in low energy particle physics with neutrons and muons.|
|Content||Low energy particle physics provides complementary information to high energy physics with colliders. At the Large Hadron Collider one directly searches for new particles at energies up to the TeV range. In a complementary way, low energy particle physics indirectly probes the existence of such particles and provides constraints for "new physics", making use of precision and high intensities. |
Besides the sensitivity to effects related with new physics (e.g. lepton flavor violation, symmetry violations, CPT tests, search for electric dipole moments, new low mass exchange bosons etc.), low energy physics provides the best test of QED (electron g-2), the best tests of bound-state QED (atomic physics and exotic atoms), precise determinations of fundamental constants, information about the CKM matrix, precise information on the weak and strong force even in the non-perturbative regime etc.
In this lecture, we will concentrate on selected experiments, using mainly neutrons and muons, which have significantly improved our understanding of particle physics today. Starting from a general introduction on high intensity/high precision particle physics and the main characteristics of muons and neutrons and their production, we will then focus on the discussion of fundamental problems and ground-breaking experiments:
- Production and characteristics of muon and neutron beams
- Ultracold neutron production
- Measurement of the neutron lifetime and electric dipole moment
- The neutron in the gravitational field and its electric charge
- Muon and neutron decay correlations
- Lepton flavour violations with muons to search for new physics
- What atomic physics can do for particle physics and vice versa
- Laser experiments at accelerators
- From myonic hydrogen to the proton structure and bound-state QED
- From pionic hydrogen to the strong interaction and effective field theories
|Literature||Golub, Richardson & Lamoreaux: "Ultra-Cold Neutrons"|
Rauch & Werner: "Neutron Interferometry"
Carlile & Willis: "Experimental Neutron Scattering"
Byrne: "Neutrons, Nuclei and Matter"
Klapdor-Kleingrothaus: "Non Accelerator Particle Physics"
|Prerequisites / Notice||Einführung in die Kern- und Teilchenphysik / Introduction to Nuclear- and Particle-Physics|
|402-0767-00L||Neutrino Physics||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||A. Rubbia|
|Abstract||Theoretical basis and selected experiments to determine the properties of neutrinos and their interactions (mass, spin, helicity, chirality, oscillations, interactions with leptons and quarks).|
|Objective||Introduction to the physics of neutrinos with special consideration of phenomena connected with neutrino masses.|
|Literature||B. Kayser, F. Gibrat-Debu and F. Perrier, The Physics of Massive Neutrinos, World Scientific Lecture Notes in Physic, Vol. 25, 1989, and newer publications.|
N. Schmitz, Neutrinophysik, Teubner-Studienbücher Physik, 1997.
D.O. Caldwell, Current Aspects of Neutrino Physics, Springer.
C. Giunti & C.W. Kim, Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics, Oxford.
|402-0777-00L||Particle Accelerator Physics and Modeling I||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||A. Adelmann|
|Abstract||This is the first of two courses, introducing particle accelerators from a theoretical point of view and covers state-of-the-art modeling techniques. It emphasizes the multidisciplinary aspect of the field, both in methodology (numerical and computational methods) and with regard to applications such as medical, industrial, material research and particle physics.|
|Objective||You understand the building blocks of particle accelerators. Modern analysis tools allows you to model state-of-the art particle accelerators. In some of the exercises you will be confronted with next generation machines. We will develop a Python simulation tool|
(AcceLEGOrator) that reflects the theory from the lecture.
|Content||Here is the rough plan of the topics, however the actual pace may vary relative to this plan.|
- Particle Accelerators an Overview
- Relativity for Accelerator Physicists
- Building Blocks of Particle Accelerators
- Lie Algebraic Structure of Classical Mechanics and Applications to Particle Accelerators
- Symplectic Maps & Analysis of Maps
- Particle Tracking
- Linear & Circular Machines
- Free Electron Lasers
- Collective effects in linear approximation
- Preview of Particle Accelerator Physics and Modeling II
|Literature||Particle Accelerator Physics, H. Wiedemann, ISBN-13 978-3-540-49043-2, Springer|
Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams, M. Reiser, ISBN 0-471-30616-9, Wiley-VCH
|Prerequisites / Notice||Physics, Computational Science (RW) at BSc. Level|
This lecture is also suited for PhD. students
|402-0851-00L||QCD: Theory and Experiment||W||3 credits||3G||G. Dissertori, University lecturers|
|Abstract||An introduction to the theoretical aspects and experimental tests of QCD, with emphasis on perturbative QCD and related experiments at colliders.|
|Objective||Knowledge acquired on basics of perturbative QCD, both of theoretical and experimental nature. Ability to perform simple calculations of perturbative QCD, as well as to understand modern publications on theoretical and experimental aspects of perturbative QCD.|
|Content||QCD Lagrangian and Feynman Rules|
QCD running coupling
Experimental tests at lepton and hadron colliders
Measurements of the strong coupling constant
|Literature||1) G. Dissertori, I. Knowles, M. Schmelling : "Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory" (The International Series of Monographs on Physics, 115, Oxford University Press)|
2) R. K. Ellis, W. J. Stirling, B. R. Webber : "QCD and Collider Physics" (Cambridge Monographs on Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics & Cosmology)"
|Prerequisites / Notice||Will be given as block course, language: English.|
For students of both ETH and University of Zurich.
|402-0737-00L||Energy and Environment in the 21st Century (Part I)||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||M. Dittmar|
|Abstract||The energy and related environmental problems, the physics principles of using energy and the various real and hypothetical options are discussed from a physicist point of view. The lecture is intended for students of all ages with an interest in a rational approach to the energy problem of the 21st century.|
|Objective||Scientists and espially physicists are often confronted with questions |
related to the problems of energy and the environment.
The lecture tries to address the physical principles of todays and tomorrow
energy use and the resulting global consequences for the world climate.
The lecture is for students which are interested
participate in a rational and responsible debatte about the
energyproblem of the 21. century.
|Content||Introduction: energy types, energy carriers, energy density|
and energy usage. How much energy does a human needs/uses?
Energy conservation and the first and second law of thermodynamics
Fossile fuels (our stored energy resources) and their use.
Burning fossile fuels and the physics of the greenhouse effect.
physics basics of nuclear fission and fusion energy
controlled nuclear fission energy today, the different types of
nuclear power plants, uranium requirements and resources,
natural and artificial radioactivity and the related waste problems
from the nuclear fuel cycle.
Nuclear reactor accidents and the consequences,
a comparison with risks from other energy using methods.
The problems with nuclear fusion and the ITER project.
Nuclear fusion and fission: ``exotic'' ideas.
Hydrogen as an energy carrier: ideas and limits of a
new clean renewable energy sources and their physical limits
(wind, solar, geothermal etc)
Energy perspectives for the next 100 years and some
|Lecture notes||many more details (in english and german) here:|
|Literature||Die Energiefrage - Bedarf und Potentiale, Nutzung, Risiken und Kosten:|
Klaus Heinloth, 2003, VIEWEG ISBN: 3528131063;
Environmental Physics: Boeker and Egbert New York Wiley 1999
|Prerequisites / Notice||Science promised us truth, or at least a knowledge |
of such relations as our intelligence can seize:
it never promised us peace or happiness
Gustave Le Bon
Physicists learned to realize that whether they like a theory or
they don't like a theory is not the essential question.
Rather, it's whether or not the theory gives predictions that agree with experiment.
Richard Feynman, 1985
|Selection: Theoretical Physics|
|402-0822-13L||Introduction to Integrability||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||N. Beisert|
|Abstract||This course gives an introduction to the theory of integrable systems, related symmetry algebras and efficients calculational methods.|
|Objective||Integrable systems are a special class of physical models that can be solved exactly due to an exceptionally large number of symmetries. Examples of integrable models appear in many different areas of physics, including classical mechanics, condensed matter, 2d quantum field theories and lately in string- and gauge theories. They offer a unique opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of generic phenomena in a simplified, exactly solvable setting. In this course we introduce the various notions of integrability in classical mechanics, quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. We discuss efficient methods for solving such models as well as the underlying enhanced symmetries.|
|Content||* Classical Integrability|
* Integrable Field Theory
* Integrable Spin Chains
* Quantum Integrability
* Integrable Statistical Mechanics
* Quantum Algebra
* Bethe Ansatz and Related Methods
* AdS/CFT Integrability
|Literature||* V. Chari, A. Pressley, "A Guide to Quantum Groups", Cambridge University Press (1995).|
* O. Babelon, D. Bernard, M. Talon, "Introduction to Classical Integrable Systems", Cambridge University Press (2003)
* N. Reshetikhin, "Lectures on the integrability of the 6-vertex model", http://arxiv.org/abs/1010.5031
* L.D. Faddeev, "How Algebraic Bethe Ansatz Works for Integrable Model", http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9605187
* D. Bernard, "An Introduction to Yangian Symmetries", Int. J. Mod. Phys. B7, 3517-3530 (1993), http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9211133
* V. E. Korepin, N. M. Bogoliubov, A. G. Izergin, "Quantum Inverse Scattering Method and Correlation Functions", Cambridge University Press (1997)
|402-0883-63L||Symmetries in Physics||W||6 credits||2V + 1U||M. Gaberdiel|
|Abstract||The course gives an introduction to symmetry groups in physics. It explains the relevant mathematical background (finite groups, Lie groups and algebras as well as their representations), and illustrates their important role in modern physics.|
|Objective||The aim of the course is to give a self-contained introduction into finite group theory as well as Lie theory from a physicists point of view. Abstract mathematical constructions will be illustrated with examples from physics.|
|402-0898-00L||The Physics of Electroweak Symmetry Breaking|
Does not take place this semester.
|W||6 credits||2V + 1U||not available|
|Abstract||The aim is to understand the need of physics beyond the Standard Model, the basic techniques of model building in theories BSM and the elements of collider physics required to analyze their phenomenological implications. After an introduction to the SM and alternative theories of electroweak symmetry breaking, we will investigate these issues in the context of models with warped extra dimensions.|
|Objective||After the course the student should have a good knowledge of some of the most relevant theories beyond the Standard Model and have the techniques to understand those theories that have not been surveyed in the course. He or she should be able to compute the constraints on any model of new physics, its successes explaining current experimental data and its main phenomenological implications at colliders.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||The former title of this course unit was "The Physics Beyond the Standard Model". If you already got credits for "The Physics Beyond the Standard Model" (402-0898-00L), you cannot get credits for "The Physics of Electroweak Symmetry Breaking" (402-0898-00L).|
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