Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Frühjahrssemester 2019

Biologie Master Information
Wahlvertiefungen
Wahlvertiefung: Pflanzenbiologie
Obligatorische Masterkurse
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
551-0120-01LPlant Biology Colloquium (Spring Semester)
Only compulsory for Master students who started their Master in Autumn Semester 2017 or later.

This compulsory course is required only once. It may be taken in autumn as course 551-0120-00 "Plant Biology Colloquium (Autumn Semester)" or in spring as course 551-0120-01 "Plant Biology Colloquium (Spring Semester)".
W2 KP1KC. Sánchez-Rodríguez, W. Gruissem, A. Rodriguez-Villalon, O. Voinnet, S. C. Zeeman
KurzbeschreibungCurrent topics in Molecular Plant Biology presented by internal and external speakers from accademia.
LernzielGetting insight into actual areas and challenges of Molecular Plant Biology.
Inhalthttp://www.impb.ethz.ch/news-and-events/colloquium-impb.html
Wahlpflicht Konzeptkurse
Siehe D-BIOL Master-Wegleitung
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
529-0732-00LProteins and LipidsW6 KP3GD. Hilvert
KurzbeschreibungAn overview of the relationship between protein sequence, conformation and function.
LernzielOverview of the relationship between protein sequence, conformation and function.
InhaltProteins, structures and properties, (bio)synthesis of polypeptides, protein folding and design, protein engineering, chemical modification of proteins, proteomics.
LiteraturGeneral Literature:
- T.E. Creighton: Proteins: Structures and Molecular Properties, 2nd Edition, H.W. Freeman and Company, New York, 1993.
- C. Branden, J. Tooze , Introduction to Protein Structure, Garland Publishing, New York, 1991.
- J. M. Berg, J. L. Tymoczko, L. Stryer: Biochemistry, 5th edition, H.W. Freeman and Company, New York, 2002.
- G.A. Petsko, D. Ringe: Protein Structure and Function, New Science Press Ltd., London, 2004.

Original Literature:
Citations from the original literature relevant to the individual lectures will be assigned weekly.
551-0324-00LSystems Biology Information W6 KP4VR. Aebersold, B. Christen, M. Claassen, U. Sauer
KurzbeschreibungIntroduction to experimental and computational methods of systems biology. By using baker’s yeast as a thread through the series, we focus on global methods for analysis of and interference with biological functions. Illustrative applications to other organisms will highlight medical and biotechnological aspects.
Lernziel- obtain an overview of global analytical methods
- obtain an overview of computational methods in systems biology
- understand the concepts of systems biology
InhaltOverview of global analytical methods (e.g. DNA arrays, proteomics, metabolomics, fluxes etc), global interference methods (siRNA, mutant libraries, synthetic lethality etc.) and imaging methods. Introduction to mass spectrometry and proteomics. Concepts of metabolism in microbes and higher cells. Systems biology of developmental processes. Concepts of mathematical modeling and applications of computational systems biology.
Skriptno script
LiteraturThe course is not taught by a particular book, but some books are suggested for further reading:

- Systems biology in Practice by Klipp, Herwig, Kowald, Wierling und Lehrach. Wiley-VCH 2005
551-0320-00LCellular Biochemistry (Part II)W3 KP2VY. Barral, R. Kroschewski, A. E. Smith
KurzbeschreibungThis course will focus on molecular mechanisms and concepts underlying cellular biochemistry, providing advanced insights into the structural and functional details of individual cell components, and the complex regulation of their interactions. Particular emphasis will be on the spatial and temporal integration of different molecules and signaling pathways into global cellular processes.
LernzielThe full-year course (551-0319-00 & 551-0320-00) focuses on the molecular mechanisms and concepts underlying the biochemistry of cellular physiology, investigating how these processes are integrated to carry out highly coordinated cellular functions. The molecular characterization of complex cellular functions requires a combination of approaches such as biochemistry, but also cell biology and genetics. This course is therefore the occasion to discuss these techniques and their integration in modern cellular biochemistry.
The students will be able to describe the structural and functional details of individual cell components, and the spatial and temporal regulation of their interactions. In particular, they will learn to explain how different molecules and signaling pathways can be integrated during complex and highly dynamic cellular processes such as intracellular transport, cytoskeletal rearrangements, cell motility, and cell division. In addition, they will be able to illustrate the relevance of particular signaling pathways for cellular pathologies such as cancer or during cellular infection.
InhaltSpatial and temporal integration of different molecules and signaling pathways into global cellular processes, such as cell division, cell infection and cell motility. Emphasis is also put on the understanding of pathologies associated with defective cell physiology, such as cancer or during cellular infection.
LiteraturRecommended supplementary literature (review articles and selected primary literature) will be provided during the course.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesTo attend this course the students must have a solid basic knowledge in chemistry, biochemistry, cell biology and general biology. Biology students have in general already attended the first part of the "Cellular Biochemistry" concept course (551-0319-00). The course will be taught in English.
In addition, the course will be based on a blended-learning scenario, where frontal lectures will be complemented with carefully chosen web-based teaching elements that students access through the ETH Moodle platform.
551-0314-00LMicrobiology (Part II)W3 KP2VW.‑D. Hardt, L. Eberl, H.‑M. Fischer, J. Piel, J. Vorholt-Zambelli
KurzbeschreibungAdvanced lecture class providing a broad overview on bacterial cell structure, genetics, metabolism, symbiosis and pathogenesis.
LernzielThis concept class will be based on common concepts and introduce to the enormous diversity among bacteria and archaea. It will cover the current research on bacterial cell structure, genetics, metabolism, symbiosis and pathogenesis.
InhaltAdvanced class covering the state of the research in bacterial cell structure, genetics, metabolism, symbiosis and pathogenesis.
SkriptUpdated handouts will be provided during the class.
LiteraturCurrent literature references will be provided during the lectures.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesEnglish
551-0326-00LCell Biology Information W6 KP4VS. Werner, M. Bordoli, R. Henneberger, W. Kovacs, M. Schäfer, U. Suter, A. Wutz
KurzbeschreibungThis Course introduces principle concepts, techniques, and experimental strategies used in modern Cell Biology. Major topics include: neuron-glia interactions in health and disease; mitochondrial dynamics; stem cell biology; growth factor action in development, tissue repair and disease; cell metabolism, in particular sensing and signaling mechanisms, cell organelles, and lipid metabolism.
Lernziel-To prepare the students for successful and efficient lab work by learning how to ask the right questions and to use the appropriate techniques in a research project.
-To convey knowledge about neuron-glia interactions in health and disease.
- To provide information on different types of stem cells and their function in health and disease
-To provide information on growth factor signaling in development, repair and disease and on the use of growth factors or their receptors as drug targets for major human diseases
-To convey knowledge on the mechanisms underlying repair of injured tissues
-To provide the students with an overview of mitochondrial dynamics.
-Providing an understanding of RNA processing reactions and their regulations.
-To provide a comprehensive understanding of metabolic sensing mechanisms occurring in different cell types and organelles in response to glucose, hormones, oxygen, nutrients as well as lipids, and to discuss downstream signaling pathways and cellular responses.
-To provide models explaining how disturbances in complex metabolic control networks and bioenergetics can lead to disease and to highlight latest experimental approaches to uncover the intricacies of metabolic control at the cellular and organismal level.
-Providing the background and context that foster cross-disciplinary scientific thinking.
551-0307-01LMolecular and Structural Biology II: From Gene to Protein
D-BIOL students are obliged to take part I and part II as a two-semester course.
W3 KP2VN. Ban, F. Allain, S. Jonas, M. Pilhofer
KurzbeschreibungThis course will cover advanced topics in molecular biology and biochemistry with emphasis on the structure and function of cellular assemblies involved in expression and maintenance of genetic information. We will cover the architecture and the function of molecules involved in DNA replication, transcription, translation, nucleic acid packaging in viruses, RNA processing, and CRISPER/CAS system.
LernzielStudents will gain a deep understanding of large cellular assemblies and the structure-function relationships governing their function in fundamental cellular processes ranging from DNA replication, transcription and translation. The lectures throughout the course will be complemented by exercises and discussions of original research examples to provide students with a deeper understanding of the subjects and to encourage active student participation.
InhaltAdvanced class covering the state of the research in structural molecular biology of basic cellular processes with emphasis on the function of large cellular assemblies.
SkriptUpdated handouts will be provided during the class.
LiteraturThe lecture will be based on the latest literature. Additional suggested
literature:
Branden, C., and J. Tooze, Introduction to Protein Structure, 2nd ed.
(1995). Garland, New York.
Wahlpflicht Masterkurse
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
551-0140-00LEpigeneticsW4 KP2VA. Wutz, U. Grossniklaus, R. Paro, R. Santoro
KurzbeschreibungEpigenetik untersucht die Vererbung von Merkmalen, die nicht auf eine Veränderung der DNA Sequenz zurückgeführt werden kann. Die Vorlesung gibt einen Überblick über epigenetische Phänomene und erklärt die zugrundeliegenden molekularen Mechanismen. Die Rolle von epigenetischen Prozessen bei der Krebsentstehung und anderen Krankheiten wird diskutiert.
LernzielDas Ziel des Kurses ist das Verständnis von epigenetischen Mechanismen und deren Funktion in der Entwicklung von Organismen, bei Regenerationsprozessen oder bei der Entstehung von Krankheiten.
InhaltThemen
- Historischer Überblick, Konzepte und Vergleich Genetik vs. Epigenetik
- Biologie von Chromatin: Struktur und Funktion, Organisation im Kern und die Rolle von Histon Modifikationen bei Prozessen wie Transkription und Replikation.
- DNA-Methylierung als epigenetische Modifikation
- Weitergabe epigenetischer Modifikationen während der Zellteilung: das Zellgedächtnis
- Stabilität/Revertierbarkeit epigenetischer Modifikationen: zelluläre Plastizität und Stammzellen.
- Genomisches Imprinting in Pflanzen und in Säugern
- X Chromosom Inaktivierung und Dosiskompensation
- Positionseffekte, Paramutationen und Transvektion
- RNA-induziertes Gensilencing
- die Rolle von epigenetischen Prozessen bei der Krebsentstehung oder der Zellalterung.
551-0138-00LRegulation of Plant Primary MetabolismW2 KP1VS. C. Zeeman
KurzbeschreibungPlants are the primary producers of our ecosystem. This course will survey the pathways of plant metabolism. Emphasis will be placed on the mechanisms of carbon dioxide assimilation, carbohydrate metabolism, and the regulation of metabolic fluxes. The course will also highlight the classical and state-of-the-art research methods.
LernzielThe aim of the course is to confer a broad understanding of plant metabolism, to give insight into the methods of plant biology research, and to promote critical evaluation of scientific literature.
InhaltThe course will include a combination of lectures and coursework/active-learning exercises (e.g. research paper presentations)
551-0224-00LAdvanced Proteomics Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Für Masterstudierende ab 2. Semester, Doktorierende und Postdoktorierende
W4 KP6GR. Aebersold, L. Gillet, M. Gstaiger, A. Leitner, P. Pedrioli
KurzbeschreibungZiel dieses Kurses ist es, etablierte und neue Technologien der Protein- und Proteome-Analyse kennenzulernen in Bezug auf ihre Anwendung in Biologie, Biotechnologie und Medizin.
Format: Einführung durch Dozent mit anschliessender Diskussion, unterstützt durch Literaturarbeit und Übungen.
LernzielIm Kurs werden sowohl die bereits etablierten als auch die neuesten derzeit entstehenden Technologien und Methoden in der Protein- und Proteomanlayse diskutiert im Hinblick auf ihre Anwendung in der Biologie, Biotechnologie, Medizin und Systembiologie.
InhaltBlock course teaching current methods for the acquisition and processing of proteomic datasets.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesNumber of people: Not exceeding 30.
Students from ETHZ, Uni Zurich and University of Basel
Non-ETH students must register at ETH Zurich as special students http://www.rektorat.ethz.ch/students/admission/auditors/index_EN
751-4802-00LSystembezogene Bekämpfung herbivorer Insekten IIW2 KP2GD. Mazzi
KurzbeschreibungIm Zentrum stehen Kenntnisse und Fähigkeiten zur Beurteilung von Massnahmen zur Lenkung von Schädlingspopulationen im Spannungsfeld Ökonomie-Ökologie-Gesellschaft. Ein vielfältiges Spektrum von Strategien wird erarbeitet, von natürlichen Gegenspielern, natürlichen und synthetischen Produkten bis zu physikalischen und genetischen Verfahren sowie neuen Forschungsansätzen.
LernzielDie Studierenden erreichen ein gutes Verständnis über verfügbare und potentielle künftige Lenkungsmassnahmen von Schädlingspopulationen in Agrarökosystemen, und können die Handlungsoptionen beurteilen im Spannungsfeld Oekologie - Oekonomie - Gesellschaft. Sie gewinnen zusätzliche Fähigkeiten, kontroverse wissenschaftliche Themen argumentativ aufzuarbeiten und zu debattieren.
SkriptDie Präsentationsunterlagen werden zur Verfügung gestellt.
LiteraturHinweise auf Literatur werden in der Lehrveranstaltung gegeben.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDer erste Teil der Veranstaltung "Systembezogene Bekämpfung herbivorer Insekten I" (im HS durchgeführt) ist nicht Voraussetzung zum Verständnis des zweiten Teils.
751-5110-00LInsects in AgroecosystemsW2 KP2VC. De Moraes, M. Fenske, D. Lucas Gomes Marques Barbosa
KurzbeschreibungThis class will focus on insect-plant interactions in agroecosystems, and how the unique man-made agricultural community effects insect populations leading to pest outbreaks. Key concepts in pest prediction and management will be discussed from an ecological perspective.
LernzielAt the end of this course, students will understand what biotic and abiotic factors contribute to pest outbreaks, why some modern pest management techniques have failed over time, and the trade-offs associated with the use of different pest control methods. Our approach will allow students to apply their knowledge to a variety of pest management situations. Additionally, students will learn about current research goals in agroecology and how these goals are being addressed by scientists engaged in agricultural research.
InhaltThe focus of this course will be on understanding how the ecologies of agricultural systems differ from natural ecosystems, and how these difference affect the population dynamics of insect pests and natural enemies. Each section of the course is centered around a basic ecological, biological or engineering theme such as host shift, physiological time, or sampling techniques. Different management techniques will be discussed, as well as the ecological basis behind why these techniques work and why they sometimes fail. The role of insects in spreading economically important plant diseases will also be discussed. Recent advances in research will also be addressed throughout the course and reinforced with periodic readings of primary literature.
SkriptProvided to students through ILIAS
LiteraturSelected required readings (peer reviewed literature, selected book chapters).
751-4904-00LMikrobielle SchädlingsbekämpfungW2 KP2GJ. Enkerli, G. Grabenweger, S. Kuske Pradal
KurzbeschreibungDie Vorlesung vermittelt konzeptionelle, sowie biologische und ökologische Grundlagen in mikrobieller Schädlingsbekämpfung. Anhand von Beispielen werden die Methoden und Techniken zur Entwicklung und Überwachung von mikrobiellen Schädlingsbekämpfungsmitteln erarbeitet.
LernzielKennenlernen der wichtigsten Gruppen von insektenpathogenen Mikroorganismen und deren Eigenschaften. Vertraut werden mit den nötigen Schritten für die Entwicklung von Schädlingsbekämpfungsmitteln. Verstehen der Techniken und Methoden, die für das Überwachen von Feldapplikationen benützt werden, und Kennen der Registrierungsanforderungen für mikrobielle Schädlingsbekämpfungsmittel.
InhaltDie in der biologischen Schädlingsbekämpfung gebrauchten Definitionen und generell verwendete Ausdrücke werden erarbeitet. Ferner werden biologische und ökologische Aspekte aller Arthropoden-pathogenen Gruppen (Viren, Bakterien Pilze und Nematoden) und ihre Vor- und Nachteile in Bezug auf biologische Schädlingsbekämpfung diskutiert. Ein Schwergewicht wird dabei auf die Pilzgruppen Hypocreales und Entomophtorales gelegt. Anhand von Beispielen wird aufgezeigt, wie Projekte in biologischer Schädlingsbekämpfung aufgebaut werden können, wie Pathogene appliziert werden und wie die Effizienz, Effekte auf Nicht-Zielorganismen, Persistenz und Verbreitung überwacht werden. Im Weiteren werden die nötigen Schritte in der Entwicklung eines Produktes, kommerzielle Aspekte und die Registrierungsanforderungen besprochen.
SkriptDie grundlegenden Aspekte werden als Skript (Präsentationsunterlagen) abgegeben.
LiteraturHinweise auf zusätzliche Literatur werde in der Lehrveranstaltung gegeben.
751-4505-00LPlant Pathology IIW2 KP2GB. McDonald
KurzbeschreibungPlant Pathology II focuses on disease control in agroecosystems based on biological control, pesticide applications and breeding of resistant crop cultivars. The genetics of pathogen-plant interactions will be explored in detail as a basis for understanding the development of boom-and-bust cycles and methods that may be used to prevent the evolution of pathogen virulence and fungicide resistance.
LernzielAn understanding of the how biological control, pesticides and plant breeding can be used to achieve sustainable disease control. An understanding of the genetic basis of pathogen-plant interactions and appropriate methods for using resistance to control diseases in agroecosystems.
InhaltPlant Pathology II will focus on disease control in agroecosystems based on biological control, pesticide applications and breeding of resistant crop cultivars. The genetics of pathogen-plant interactions will be explored in detail as a basis for understanding the development of boom-and-bust cycles and methods that may be used to prevent the evolution of pathogen virulence and fungicide resistance.

Lecture Topics and Tentative Schedule

Week 1 Biological control: biofumigation, disease declines, suppressive soils.

Week 2 Biological control: competitive exclusion, hyperparasitism.

Week 3 Chemical control: History of fungicides in Europe, fungicide properties, application methods.

Week 4 Fungicide categories and modes of action, antibiotics, fungicide development, fungicide safety and risk assessment (human health).

Week 5 Resistance to fungicides. Genetics of fungicide resistance, ABC transporters, risk assessment, fitness costs. FRAC risk assessment model vs. population genetic risk assessment model.

Week 6 Genetics of pathogen-plant interaction: genetics of pathogens, genetics of plant resistance, major gene and quantitative resistance, acquired resistance. Flor's GFG hypothesis and the quadratic check, the receptor and elicitor model of GFG, the guard model of GFG.

Week 7 Resistance gene structure and genome distribution, conservation of LRR motifs across eukaryotes. Genetic basis of quantitative resistance. QTLs and QRLs. Connections between MGR and QR. Durability of QR.

Week 8 Genetic resistance: Costs, benefits and risks.

Week 9 Non-host resistance. Types of NHR. NHR in Arabidopsis with powdery mildews. NHR in maize and rice. Avirulence genes and pathogen elicitors. PAMPs, effectors, type-III secretion systems, harpins in bacteria. Fungal avirulence genes.

Week 10 Easter holiday no class.

Week 11 Sechselauten holiday no class.

Week 12 Host-specific toxins. GFG for toxins and connection to apoptosis. Fitness costs of virulence alleles. Diversifying selection in NIP1.

Week 13 Boom and bust cycles for resistance genes and fungicides and coevolutionary processes. Pathogen genetic structure and evolutionary potential. Genetic structure of pathogen populations in agroecosystems, risk assessment for pathogen evolution and breeding strategies for durable resistance.

Week 14 Resistance gene and fungicide deployment strategies for agroecosystems.

Week 15 Genetic engineering approaches to achieve disease resistant crops.
SkriptLecture notes will be available for purchase at the cost of reproduction.
LiteraturLecture notes will be available for purchase at the cost of reproduction.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPlant Pathology I provides a good preparation for Plant Pathology II, but is not a prerequisite for this course.
Zusätzliche Konzeptkurse
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
551-0307-01LMolecular and Structural Biology II: From Gene to Protein
D-BIOL students are obliged to take part I and part II as a two-semester course.
W3 KP2VN. Ban, F. Allain, S. Jonas, M. Pilhofer
KurzbeschreibungThis course will cover advanced topics in molecular biology and biochemistry with emphasis on the structure and function of cellular assemblies involved in expression and maintenance of genetic information. We will cover the architecture and the function of molecules involved in DNA replication, transcription, translation, nucleic acid packaging in viruses, RNA processing, and CRISPER/CAS system.
LernzielStudents will gain a deep understanding of large cellular assemblies and the structure-function relationships governing their function in fundamental cellular processes ranging from DNA replication, transcription and translation. The lectures throughout the course will be complemented by exercises and discussions of original research examples to provide students with a deeper understanding of the subjects and to encourage active student participation.
InhaltAdvanced class covering the state of the research in structural molecular biology of basic cellular processes with emphasis on the function of large cellular assemblies.
SkriptUpdated handouts will be provided during the class.
LiteraturThe lecture will be based on the latest literature. Additional suggested
literature:
Branden, C., and J. Tooze, Introduction to Protein Structure, 2nd ed.
(1995). Garland, New York.
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