Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2017

Civil Engineering Master Information
3. Semester
Major Courses
Major in Construction and Maintenance Management
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
101-0549-00LSelected Topics on Legal Aspects in Civil EngineeringW+3 credits2GH. Briner, D. Trümpy
AbstractBasic knowledge in public and private law of civil engineering. Examples of the subjects treated: space management, protection of the environment, legal procedures, standards for building technology and contracts.
ObjectivePart 1: The students shall acquire basic knowledge of the public law concerning civil engineering:
space management, conception of buildings, protection of the environment, procedures
Part 2: The students shall acquire basic knowledge of the private law concerning civil engineering
ContentTeil 1: Jede Lektion behandelt für ein bestimmtes Stadium des Projekts ein Thema des öffentlichen Baurechts wie Bau- und Zonenordnungen, Quartierpläne, Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfungen, Baubewilligungsverfahren etc..
Teil 2: Grundzüge des privaten Baurechts wie Abnahme und Genehmigung von Bauwerken, Vollmacht des Architekten / Ingenieurs zu Rechtshandlungen namens des Bauherrn, Mängelrüge im Bauwesen, Mehrheit ersatzpflichtiger Baubeteiligter, Generalunternehmervertrag, Haftung des Baumaterialverkäufers, Bauhandwerkerpfandrecht, Grundzüge der SIA-Norm 118, Baukonsortium, technische Normen, internationale Bauverträge, Architekten / Ingenieure als Gerichtsexperten, Aspekte des Bauzivilprozesses
Lecture notesD. Trümpy: Tafeln zu den Grundzügen des schweizerischen Bauvertragsrechts (Vorlesungsunterlage)
H. Briner: Tafeln zu den Grundzügen des öffentlichen Raumplanungs-, Bau- und Umweltrechts (Vorlesungsunterlage)
Literature- Stöckli P./Siegenthaler Th. (Hrsg.) Die Planerverträge, Schulthess 2013
- Gauch Peter, Werkvertrag, 5. Auflage, Schulthess 2011
- Lendi, M.; Nef, U.Chr.; Trümpy, D. (Hrsg.): Das private Baurecht in der Schweiz, vdf Zürich 1994
- Trümpy, D.: Architektenvertragstypen unter Berücksichtigung der Ausgabe 1984 der SIA-Ordnung 102, Zürcher Studien zum Privatrecht Nr. 67, Zürich 1989
Prerequisites / NoticeDie Teilnehmer sollen stets ein Exemplar der SIA-Norm 118, der SIA-LHO 103 sowie die Gesetzesausgaben von OR und ZGB bei sich haben.
101-0577-00LAn Introduction to Sustainable Development in the Built EnvironmentO3 credits2GG. Habert
AbstractIn 2015, the UN Conference in Paris shaped future world objectives to tackle climate change.
in 2016, other political bodies made these changes more difficult to predict.
What does it mean for the built environment?
This course provides an introduction to the notion of sustainable development when applied to our built environment
ObjectiveAt the end of the semester, the students have an understanding of the term of sustainable development, its history, the current political and scientific discourses and its relevance for our built environment.

In order to address current challenges of climate change mitigation and resource depletion, students will learn a holistic approach of sustainable development. Ecological, economical and social constraints will be presented and students will learn about methods for argumentation and tools for assessment (i.e. life cycle assessment).

For this purpose an overview of sustainable development is presented with an introduction to the history of sustainability and its today definition as well as the role of cities, urbanisation and material resources (i.e. energy, construction material) in social economic and environmetal aspects.

The course aims to promote an integral view and understanding of sustainability and describing different spheres (social/cultural, ecological, economical, and institutional) that influence our built environment.

Students will acquire critical knowledge and understand the role of involved stakeholders, their motivations and constraints, learn how to evaluate challenges, identify deficits and define strategies to promote a more sustainable construction.

After the course students should be able to define the relevance of specific local, regional or territorial aspects to achieve coherent and applicable solutions toward sustainable development.

The course offers an environmental, socio-economic and socio-technical perspective focussing on buildings, cities and their transition to resilience with sustainable development. Students will learn on theory and application of current scientific pathways towards sustainable development.
ContentThe following topics give an overview of the themes that are to be worked on during the lecture.

- Overview on the history and emergence of sustainable development
- Overview on the current understanding and definition of sustainable development

Methods
- Method 1: Life cycle assessment (planning, construction, operation/use, deconstruction)
- Method 2: Life Cycle Costing
- Method 3: Labels and certification

Main issues:
- Operation energy at building, urban and national scale
- Mobility and density questions
- Embodied energy for developing and developed world

- Synthesis: Transition to sustainable development
Lecture notesAll relevant information will be online available before the lectures. For each lecture slides of the lecture will be provided.
LiteratureA list of the basic literature will be offered on a specific online platform, that could be used by all students attending the lectures.
101-0587-00LWorkshop on Sustainable Building Certification Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants limited to 25
W+3 credits2GD. Kellenberger, G. Habert
AbstractBuilding labels are used to certify buildings and neighbourhoods in term of sustainability. Many different labels have been developed and can be used in Switzerland (LEED, DGNB, SNBS, Minergie). In this course the differences between the certification labels and its application on 3 emblematic case study buildings will be discussed.
ObjectiveAfter this course, the students are able to understand and use the different certification labels.
They have a clear view of what the labels take into consideration and what they don't.
ContentThree buildings case study will be presented.

Different certification schemes, including LEED (American standard), DGNB (German Standard with Swiss adaptation), SNBS, MINERGIE-ECO and 2000-Watt-Society (Swiss standards) will be presented and explained by experts.

After this overall general presentation and in order to have a closer look to specific aspects of sustainability, students will work in groups and assess during one or two weeks this specific criteria on one of the case studies presented before. This practical hands on the label will end with a presentation and a discussion where we will highlight differences between the labels.

This alternance of working session on one specific criteria for one specific building followed by a group presentation and discussion to compare labels is repeated for the different focus point (operation energy, mobility, daylight, indoor air quality).
Lecture notesThe slides from the presentations will be made available.
LiteratureAll documents for certification labels as well as detail plans of the buildings will be available for the students.
101-0439-00LIntroduction to Economic Analysis - A Case Study Approach with Cost Benefit Analysis in Transport
Remark:
Former Title "Introduction to Economic Policy - A Case Study Approach with Cost Benefit Analysis in Transport".
W6 credits4GK. W. Axhausen, R. Schubert
AbstractThe course presents basic economic principles as well as cost benefit analyses in transport; it also introduces methods used to derive the monetary values of non-market goods.
ObjectiveFamiliarity with basic microeconomic and macroeconomic principles and with the essential methods of project appraisal
ContentBasic microeconomic and macroeconomic üpronciples; Cost-Benefit-Analyses; multi-criteria analyses; European guidelines; stated response methods; travel cost approach and others; Valuation of travel time savings; valuation of traffic safety
Lecture notesmoodle platform for the basic economic principles; handouts
LiteratureTaylor, M.P., Mankiw, N.G. (2014): Economics; Harvard Press

VSS (2006) SN 640 820: Kosten-Nutzen-Analysen im Strassenverkehr, VSS, Zürich.

Boardman, A.E., D.H. Greenberg, A.R. Vining und D.L. Weimer (2001) Cost – Benefit – Analysis: Concepts and Practise, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River.

ecoplan and metron (2005) Kosten-Nutzen-Analysen im Strassenverkehr: Kommentar zu SN 640 820, UVEK, Bern.
101-0419-00LRailway Construction and MaintenanceW4 credits4GU. A. Weidmann, P. Güldenapfel, M. Kohler, M. J. Manhart, further speakers
AbstractTrack geometry including calculation and measuring as well as related data systems; interaction between track and vehicles, vehicle dynamics, stress; track construction including special features of railway bridges and tunnels; track diagnostics and forcast; track maintenance and related methods
ObjectiveThe lecture gives a deeper insight into track geometry, the interaction between track and vehicles as well as in construction and dimensioning of the track. Methods for the diagnosis of the state of the track and its forcast are shown. State-of-the-art maintenance strategies and technologies are presented.
ContentTrack geometry including calculation and measuring as well as related data systems; interaction between track and vehicles, vehicle dynamics, stress; track construction including special features of railway bridges and tunnels; track diagnostics and forcast; track maintenance and related methods
Lecture notesThe slides will be made available.
LiteratureA list with related technical literature will be handed out.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe lecture Railway Infrastructures (Transportation II) is recommended.
101-0507-00LInfrastructure Management 3: Optimisation Tools
Remark:
New title from HS17 on: Infrastructure Management 3: Optimisation Tools now in HS. Old title until FS17: Infrastructure Maintenance Management.
W+3 credits2GB. T. Adey
AbstractThis course will provide an introduction to the methods and tools that can be used to determine optimal inspection and intervention strategies and work programs for infrastructure.
ObjectiveUpon successful completion of this course students will be able:
- to use preventive maintenance models, such as block replacement, periodic preventive maintenance with minimal repair, and preventive maintenance based on parameter control, to determine when, where and what should be done to maintain infrastructure
- to take into consideration future uncertainties in appropriate ways when devising and evaluating monitoring and management strategies for physical infrastructure
- to use operation research methods to find optimal solutions to infastructure management problems
ContentPart 1:
Explanation of the principal models of preventative maintenance, including block replacement, periodic group repair, periodic maintenance with minimal repair and age replacement, and when they can be used to determine optimal intervention strategies

Part 2:
Explanation of preventive maintenance models that are based on parameter control, including Markovian models and opportunistic replacement models

Part 3:
Explanation of the methods that can be used to take into consideration the future uncertainties in the evaluation of monitoring strategies

Part 4:
Explanation of how operations research methods can be used to solve typical infrastructure management problems.
Lecture notesA script will be given out at the beginning of the course.
Class relevant materials will be distributed electronically before the start of class.
A copy of the slides will be handed out at the beginning of each class.
Prerequisites / NoticeSuccessful completion of IM1: 101-0579-00 Evaluation tools is a prerequisite for this course.
101-0520-00LProject Management: Project Execution to CloseoutW+3 credits2GJ. J. Hoffman
AbstractThe course will give Engineering students a comprehensive overview and enduring understanding of the techniques, processes, tool and terminology to manage the Project Triangle (time, cost Quality) and to organize,analyze,control and report a complex project from start of Project Execution to Project Completion. Responsibilities will be detailed in each phase of the execution.
ObjectiveA student after completing the course will have the understanding of the Project Management duties, responsibilities, actions and decisions to be done during the Execution phase of a complex project.
ContentExecution Phase of the Project
Engineering Management - Scope, EV Measurement, Reporting and Organization
Procurement and Transportation - Scope, EV Measurement, Reporting and Organization
Civil Construction and Erection - Scope, EV Measurement, Reporting and Organization
Financial Reporting and forecasting
Risk & Opportunity Identification Assessment and Quantification during Execution
Team Organization and Leadership
Risk and opportunity identification and quantification
Contract Claims and Delays
Execution Quality
Environmental Health and safety during execution
LiteratureRequired and suggested reading will be uploaded on weakly basis.
Prerequisites / NoticePrerequisite for this course is course Project Management: Pre-Tender to Contract Execution number 101-0517-01 G, unless otherwise approved by the lecturer.
Major in Geotechnical Engineering
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
101-0329-00LTunnelling IIIW4 credits2GG. Anagnostou, E. Pimentel, M. Ramoni
AbstractDeepen the knowledge on selected topics of underground construction as well as learning working out conceptual solutions of complex problems.
ObjectiveLecture: Deepen the knowledge on selected topics of underground construction.
Exercises: Conceptual solutions of complex problems.
ContentCaverns: Geometry, construction methods, support.
Shafts: Construction methods, support.
Urban tunnelling: Boundary conditions, system choice, alignement, design.
Field measurements: Principles, monitoring layout, applications, interpretation.
Cut and cover tunnels: Modelling, design.
Exercising conceptual solution of complex tunnelling problems based upon discussion of current tunnel cases with particularly demanding problems in small groups.
Lecture notesAutographieblätter
LiteratureEmpfehlungen
Prerequisites / NoticePrerequisite: BSc course "Tunnelling", MSc courses "Tunnelling I" and "Tunnelling II".
101-0339-00LEnvironmental GeotechnicsW3 credits2GM. Plötze
AbstractIntroduction of basic knowledge about problems with contaminated sites, investigation of this sites, risque management, remediation and reclamation techniques as well as monitoring systems.
Introduction in landfill design and engineering with focus on barrier- and drainage systems and lining materials, evaluation of geotechnical problems, e.g. stability
ObjectiveIntroduction of basic knowledge about problems with contaminated sites, investigation of this sites, risque management, remediation and reclamation techniques as well as monitoring systems.
Introduction in landfill design and engineering with focus on barrier- and drainage systems as wellas lining materials, evaluation of geotechnical problems, e.g. stability
ContentDefinition of contaminated sites, site investigation methods, historical research and technical investigation, risque assessment, contamination transport, remediation, clean-up and retaining techniques (e.g. bioremediation, incineration, retaining walls, pump-and-treat, permeable reactive barriers), monitoring, research projects and results

waste, waste disposal, treatment and management, multi-barrier-systems, site investigation, lining systems and recovering systems of landfill (e.g. materials, drainage systems, geosynthetics), stability, research projects and results
Lecture notesDr. R. Hermanns Stengele, Dr. M. Plötze: Environmental Geotechnics (german) digital
Prerequisites / Noticeexcursion
101-0367-00LGeotechnical Engineering in TransportationW3 credits2GD. Hauswirth
AbstractRoad design criteria, Technology of road construction materials, geotechnical testing methods in Laboratory and in situ, Planning, monitoring and interpretation of soil field tests, Soil classification for traffic construction, Compaction of road structures and dams, Frost characteristics of soil materials, soil stabilization
ObjectiveAim of the course is to teach students the most important aspects of the road structure, its building and design methods. An essential part of the course is devoted to understand the influence of the insitu
conditions: soil, underground, climate, water, as well as of the charachteristics of building materials and of road surface on the durability of the pavement.
ContentRoad design criteria, Technology of road construction materials, geotechnical testing methods in Laboratory and in situ, Planning, monitoring and interpretation of soil field tests, Soil classification for traffic construction, Compaction of road structures and dams, Frost characteristics of soil materials, soil stabilization
Lecture notesAutographie, Uebungsblätter, Handouts
Literatureas indicated in the course
Prerequisites / NoticeIn den Vorlesungen und Übungen werden verschiedene Demonstrationsmaterialien verwendet.

Voraussetzungen: Grundlagenkenntnisse in "Bodenmechanik/Grundbau" sowie in "Projektierung von Verkehrsanlagen"
Major in Structural Engineering
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
101-0119-00LStructural Masonry Information W3 credits2GN. Mojsilovic
AbstractKnowledge of the engineering properties of materials for masonry construction.
Technical understanding of the structural behaviour of load-bearing masonry structures subjected to in-plane forces and combined actions.
Develop a technical competence for design procedures for load-bearing masonry structures by means of exercises.
ObjectiveKnowledge of the engineering properties of materials for masonry construction.
Technical understanding of the structural behaviour of load-bearing masonry structures subjected to in-plane forces and combined actions.
Develop a technical competence for design procedures for load-bearing masonry structures by means of exercises.
ContentHistorical Development of Masonry Construction
Detailing and Execution
Construction Materials
Structural Behaviour and Modelling
Structural Analysis and Dimensioning
Reinforced Masonry
Seismic Behaviour
Lecture notesLecture notes
Literature"Mauerwerk", Zimmerli Bruno, Schwartz Joseph und Schwegler Gregor, Birkhäuser Verlag Basel, 1999
"Mauerwerk, Bemessungsbeispiele zur Norm SIA 266", SIA Dokumentation D0257, 2015
"Mauerwerk", Norm SIA 266, 2015
"Mauerwerk - Ergänzende Festlegungen", Norm SIA 266/1, 2015
Prerequisites / NoticeStructural Concrete III
101-0129-00LExisting StructuresW3 credits2GT. Vogel
AbstractTreatment of the topic primarily from the perspective of a consulting engineer dealing with a single object.
Elaboration of a systematic procedure for respective projects. Consolidation for concrete structures and extension to other construction methods.
Uncovering of interfaces between owners, architects, contractors and specialists.
ObjectiveTreatment of the topic primarily from the perspective of a consulting engineer dealing with a single object.
Elaboration of a systematic procedure for respective projects. Consolidation for concrete structures and extension to other construction methods.
Uncovering of interfaces between owners, architects, contractors and specialists.
ContentSystematics of existing structures, examination (condition survey, condition examination, recommendation of remedial measures), non-destructive testing methods, natural stone masonry, strengthening methods (esp. plate bonding)
Lecture notesLecture notes
LiteratureNormen SIA 269, 269/1 bis 269/6,
SIA-Dokumentationen D 0239 und D 0240 der Einführungskurse
101-0149-00LPlate and Shell StructuresW3 credits2GT. Vogel, S. Fricker
AbstractBasic load bearing behaviour of plate and shell structures
ObjectiveComprehension of basic load bearing behaviour of plate and shell structures; knowledge of typical applications of different materials, ability to reasonably interpret and check results of numerical calculations; establish access to technical literature.
ContentIn-plane loaded plates (cartesian and polar coordinates)
Kinematics of in-plane loaded plates
Folded plate structures
Thin plates with small deflections
Circular plates
Thin plates with large deflections
Geometry of curved surfaces
Shells (basics, membrane theory, bending theory, form finding)
Lecture notesAutographie "Flächentragwerke"
LiteratureEmpfohlen:
- Girkmann, K.: "Flächentragwerke", Springer-Verlag, Wien, 1963, 632 pp.
- Flügge, S.: "Stresses in Shells", Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1967, 499 pp.
- Hake, E. ; Meskouris,K. : "Statik der Flächentragwerke", Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001
- Timoshenko, S.P.; Woinowsky-Krieger, S.: "Theory of Plates and Shells", McGraw-Hill, New-York, 1959, 580 pp.
101-0159-00LMethod of Finite Elements IIW3 credits2GE. Chatzi, G. Abbiati, K. Agathos
AbstractBasic theoretical and procedural concepts of the method of finite elements (FE) for the analysis of
- Plasticity
- Large Displacement Problems
- Fracture Mechanics
- Nonlinear Dynamics
- Thermomechanics
ObjectiveThe class overviews advanced topics of the Method of Finite Elements, beyond linear elasticity. The concepts are introduced via theory, numerical examples, demonstrators and computer labs.

See the class webpage for more information:
http://www.chatzi.ibk.ethz.ch/education/method-of-finite-elements-ii.html
Lecture notesHandouts, Course Script available on http://www.chatzi.ibk.ethz.ch/education/method-of-finite-elements-ii.html
LiteratureCourse Script available on http://www.chatzi.ibk.ethz.ch/education/method-of-finite-elements-ii.html

Useful (optional) Reading:
- Nonlinear Finite Elements of Continua and Structures, T. Belytschko, W.K. Liu, and B. Moran.
- Bathe, K.J., Finite Element Procedures, Prentice Hall, 1996.
- Crisfield, M.A., Remmers, J.J. and Verhoosel, C.V., 2012. Nonlinear finite element analysis of solids and structures. John Wiley & Sons.
- De Souza Neto, E.A., Peric, D. and Owen, D.R., 2011. Computational methods for plasticity: theory and applications. John Wiley & Sons.
101-0169-00LTimber Structures II Restricted registration - show details
Prerequisite: Timber Structures I (101-0168-00L)
W3 credits2GA. Frangi, R. Jockwer, M. Klippel, R. Steiger
AbstractBasic knowledge of structural timber design including material behaviour especially anisotropy, moisture and long duration effects and their consideration in structural analysis and detailing. Design, detailing and structural analysis of timber roof structures, buildings and bridges.
ObjectiveComprehension and application of basic knowledge of structural timber design including material behaviour especially anisotropy, moisture and long duration effects and their consideration in structural analysis and detailing. Design, detailing and structural analysis of timber roof structures, buildings and bridges.
ContentField of application of timber structures; Timber as building material (wood structure, physical and mechanical properties of wood and wood-based products); Durability; Principles of design and dimensioning; Connections (dowels, nails, screws, glued connections); Timber components and assemblies (mechanically jointed beams, trusses); Design and detaling of timber roof structures, buildings and bridges.
Lecture notesAutography Timber Structures
Copies of lecture slides
LiteratureTimber design tables HBT 1, Lignum (2012)
Swiss Standard SIA 265 (2012)
Swiss Standard SIA 265/1 (2009)
Prerequisites / NoticeTimber Structures I
101-0189-00LSeismic Design of Structures IIW3 credits2GB. Stojadinovic
AbstractThe following advanced topics are covered: 1) behavior and non-linear response of structural systems under earthquake excitation; 2) seismic behavior and design of moment frame, braced frame, shear wall and masonry structures; 3) fundamentals of seismic isolation; and 4) assessment and retrofit of existing buildings. These topics are discussed in terms of performance-based seismic design.
ObjectiveAfter successfully completing this course the students will be able to:
1. Use the knowledge of nonlinear dynamic response of structures to interpret the design code provisions and apply them in seismic design structural systems.
2. Explain the seismic behavior of moment frame, braced frame and shear wall structural systems and successfully design such systems to achieve the performance objectives stipulated by the design codes.
3. Determine the performance of structures under earthquake loading using modern performance assessment methods and analysis tools.
ContentThis course completes the series of two courses on seismic design of structures at ETHZ. Building on the material covered in Seismic Design of Structures I, the following advanced topics will be covered in this course: 1) behavior and non-linear response of structural systems under earthquake excitation; 2) seismic behavior and design of moment frame, braced frame and shear wall structures; 3) fundamentals of seismic isolation; and 4) assessment and retrofit of existing buildings. These topics will be discussed from the standpoint of performance-based design.
Lecture notesThe electronic copies of the learning material will be uploaded to ILIAS and available through myStudies. The learning material includes the lecture presentations, additional reading, and exercise problems and solutions.
LiteratureEarthquake Engineering: From Engineering Seismology to Performance-Based Engineering, Yousef Borzorgnia and Vitelmo Bertero, Eds., CRC Press, 2004

Dynamics of Structures: Theory and Applications to Earthquake Engineering, 4th edition, Anil Chopra, Prentice Hall, 2014

Erdbebensicherung von Bauwerken, 2nd edition, Hugo Bachmann, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2002
Prerequisites / NoticeETH Seismic Design of Structures I course, or equivalent. Students are expected to understand the seismological nature of earthquakes, to characterize the ground motion excitation, to analyze the response of elastic single- and multiple-degree-of-freedom systems to earthquake excitation, to use the concept of response and design spectrum, to compute the equivalent seismic loads on simple structures, and to perform code-based seismic design of simple structures. Familiarity with structural analysis software, such as SAP2000, and general-purpose numerical analysis software, such as Matlab, is expected.
101-0179-00LProbabilistic Seismic Risk Analysis and Management for Civil Systems
Does not take place this semester.
W3 credits2GB. Stojadinovic, to be announced
AbstractAdvanced topics covered in this course are: 1) probabilistic seismic hazard analysis; 2) probabilistic seismic risk analysis; 3) seismic risk management using structural and financial engineering means; and, time permitting, 4) advanced topics in systemic probabilistic risk evaluation.
ObjectiveAfter successfully completing this course the students will be able to:

1. Gather the necessary data and conduct a probabilistic seismic hazard analysis for a site.
2. Gather the necessary data and conduct a probabilistic vulnerability analysis of a building or an element of a civil infrastructure system at a site.
3. Design structural and/or financial engineering solutions to mitigate the seismic risk at a site.
ContentThis course extends the series of two courses on seismic design of structures at ETHZ and introduces the topic of probabilistic seismic risk analysis and seismic risk management for the build environment and civil infrastructure systems. The following advanced topics will be covered in this course: 1) probabilistic seismic hazard analysis; 2) probabilistic seismic risk analysis; 3) seismic risk management using structural and financial engineering means; and, time permitting, 4) advanced topics in systemic probabilistic risk evaluation.
Lecture notesThe electronic copies of the learning material will be uploaded to ILIAS and available through myStudies. This will include the lecture notes, additional reading, and exercise problems and solutions. There is no textbook for this course.
LiteratureReading material:
- Jack R Benjamin, C. Allin Cornell (2014) Probability, Statistics, and Decision for Civil Engineers
- A. H-S. Ang (Author), W. H. Tang Probability Concepts in Engineering: Emphasis on Applications to Civil and Environmental Engineering
- P.E. Pinto, R. Giannini and P. Franchin (2004) Seismic reliability analysis of structures, IUSSPress. Pavia;
- McGuire, R.K. 2004. Seismic hazard and risk analysis: EERI Monograph MNO-10, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.
- A Mc. Neil, R. Frey and P. Embrechts, Quantitative Risk Management, Concepts, Techniques and Tools, Princeton University Press, 2015
- R. Rees, A. Wambach, The Microeconomics of Insurance, Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, Vol. 4, Mps. 1-2 (2008), pp. 1- 163, DOI: 10.1561/0700000023
- Earthquake Engineering: From Engineering Seismology to Performance-Based Engineering, Yousef Borzorgnia and Vitelmo Bertero, Eds., CRC Press, 2004
- Dynamics of Structures: Theory and Applications to Earthquake Engineering, 4th edition, Anil Chopra, Prentice Hall, 2012
- Erdbebensicherung von Bauwerken, 2nd edition, Hugo Bachmann, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2002

References:
-Norm SIA 261: Einwirkungen auf Tragwerke (Actions on Structures). Schweizerischer Ingenieur- und Architekten-Verein, Zürich, 2003

Software:
- Bispec: software for unidirectional and bidirectional dynamic time-history and spectral seismic analysis of a simple dynamic system. http://eqsols.com/Bispec.aspx
- SAP2000 v15.1: general-purpose 3D nonlinear structural analysis software. http://www.csiberkeley.com/sap2000
- OpenSees: Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation, is an object-oriented, open- source software framework. http://opensees.berkeley.edu/
Prerequisites / NoticeETH Seismic Design of Structures I course (101-0188-00), or equivalent. Students are expected to understand the seismological nature of earthquakes, to characterize the ground motion excitation, to analyze the response of elastic single- and multiple-degree-of-freedom systems to earthquake excitation, to use the concept of response and design spectrum, to compute the equivalent seismic loads on simple structures, and to perform code-based seismic design of simple structures.
Major in Transport Systems
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
101-0439-00LIntroduction to Economic Analysis - A Case Study Approach with Cost Benefit Analysis in Transport
Remark:
Former Title "Introduction to Economic Policy - A Case Study Approach with Cost Benefit Analysis in Transport".
W6 credits4GK. W. Axhausen, R. Schubert
AbstractThe course presents basic economic principles as well as cost benefit analyses in transport; it also introduces methods used to derive the monetary values of non-market goods.
ObjectiveFamiliarity with basic microeconomic and macroeconomic principles and with the essential methods of project appraisal
ContentBasic microeconomic and macroeconomic üpronciples; Cost-Benefit-Analyses; multi-criteria analyses; European guidelines; stated response methods; travel cost approach and others; Valuation of travel time savings; valuation of traffic safety
Lecture notesmoodle platform for the basic economic principles; handouts
LiteratureTaylor, M.P., Mankiw, N.G. (2014): Economics; Harvard Press

VSS (2006) SN 640 820: Kosten-Nutzen-Analysen im Strassenverkehr, VSS, Zürich.

Boardman, A.E., D.H. Greenberg, A.R. Vining und D.L. Weimer (2001) Cost – Benefit – Analysis: Concepts and Practise, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River.

ecoplan and metron (2005) Kosten-Nutzen-Analysen im Strassenverkehr: Kommentar zu SN 640 820, UVEK, Bern.
101-0469-00LRoad SafetyW6 credits4GH. Schüller, M. Deublein
AbstractThe collection and the methods of statistical and geographical analysis of road accidents are important fundamentals of this course. Safety Aspects in design of urban roads are discussed and measures for improving the safety situation are presented. Procedures of infrastructure safety management for administrations and police are another topic.
ObjectiveImparting knowledge base about road safety and the event of accident, presenting possibilities to increase road safety
ContentAccident origin, collection of road accidents, statistical (descriptive and multivariate, accident prediction models) and geographical analysis of road accidents, risk analysis and rehabilitation measures, road safety instruments for infrastructure with focus on road safety audit, Swiss and international transport policy
LiteratureBasic literature: message Via sicura; Directive 2008/96/EC on road infrastructure safety management; ELVIK, R.; VAA, T. (2004). The Handbook of Road Safety Measures. Oxford: ELSEVIER Ltd.; EU-Projekt RiPCORD-iSEREST (http://ripcord.bast.de/)
Further literature: will be presented during the course
101-0419-00LRailway Construction and MaintenanceW4 credits4GU. A. Weidmann, P. Güldenapfel, M. Kohler, M. J. Manhart, further speakers
AbstractTrack geometry including calculation and measuring as well as related data systems; interaction between track and vehicles, vehicle dynamics, stress; track construction including special features of railway bridges and tunnels; track diagnostics and forcast; track maintenance and related methods
ObjectiveThe lecture gives a deeper insight into track geometry, the interaction between track and vehicles as well as in construction and dimensioning of the track. Methods for the diagnosis of the state of the track and its forcast are shown. State-of-the-art maintenance strategies and technologies are presented.
ContentTrack geometry including calculation and measuring as well as related data systems; interaction between track and vehicles, vehicle dynamics, stress; track construction including special features of railway bridges and tunnels; track diagnostics and forcast; track maintenance and related methods
Lecture notesThe slides will be made available.
LiteratureA list with related technical literature will be handed out.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe lecture Railway Infrastructures (Transportation II) is recommended.
101-0479-00LSafety and Reliability of Railway Systems
Does not take place this semester.
W3 credits3GU. A. Weidmann
AbstractRailway safety policies and safety concepts, command and control technologies for railways, optimization systems, European Train Control System, reliability availability maintainability safety (RAMS) of railway systems.
ObjectiveThe students comprehend the main principles of safety, reliability and optimization for railway systems and understand the basic concepts of command and control technologies for railways.
ContentRailway safety strategies
o Safety in public transport
o Safety relevant characteristic of railway transport
o Safety requirements for railway transport
o Safety concepts

Command and control technologies for railway systems
o protective functions
o ensure the sequence/spacing of trains
o ensure route protection
o ensure level crossing protection
o technical realization for protective functions
o European Train Control System

operational command/control systems
o dispatching
o operational control systems
o concepts of optimization

RAMS for railway systems
o accident investigation methods
o RAMS standards for railways
o risk analysis and hazard control
o RAMS methods
o design principles for availability and safety
o maintenance strategies
o Life Cycle Costs (LCC)
o Human Factor
o safety in long railway tunnels

tutorials in Railway Operation Laboratory
field trip to Siemens Wallisellen (command and control technologies)
Lecture notesThe slides will be provided in German.
LiteratureReferences will be included in the lecture notes. An additional list of literature will be given during the course.
Prerequisites / Noticesome of the tutorials will be held at the IVTs Railway Operation Laboratory. The lecture Systems Dimensioning and Capacity is recommended.
101-0509-00LInfrastructure Management 1: Process
Remark: Former Title "Infrastructure Management Systems".
W4 credits3GB. T. Adey
AbstractThe course provides an introduction to the steps included in the infrastructure management process. The lectures are given by a mixture of external people in German and internal people in English.
ObjectiveUpon completion of the course, students will
- understand the steps required to manage infrastructure effectively,
- understand the complexity of these steps, and
- have an overview of the tools that they can use in each of the steps.
Content- The infrastructure management process and guidelines
- Knowing the infrastructure - Dealing with data
- Establishing goals and constraints
- Establishing organization structure and processes
- Making predictions
- Selecting strategies
- Developing programs
- Planning interventions
- Conducting impact analysis
- Reviewing the process
Lecture notesAppropriate reading / and study material will be handed out during the course.
Transparencies will be handed out at the beginning of each class.
LiteratureAppropriate literature will be handed out when required.
103-0417-02LTheory and Methodology of Spatial Planning
Only for master students, otherwise a special permisson by the lecturer is required.
W3 credits2GM. Nollert
AbstractIn order to solve problems in spatial planning it is necessary to explore actions and to judge them; finally, one has to argue why a certain option should be preferred to others. Assessments of the situation are the basis for the problems to treat. Specific knowledge, represented in an adequate manner, is required.
ObjectiveThe participants know the interdependencies between the assessment of a situation, decision making, knowlegde and language. They know the nature of a decision dilemma und maximes, how to deal with it. Especially they learn that the requirement of information for a decision depends upon the preferences of the deciding acteur. They are also familiar with difficulties and pitfalls within these contexts and know what can be done against it.
ContentThe lecture deals with a discussion of theories and methods of/ about spatial planning and their evolution. It imparts deeper skills in dealing with typical methodic challenges of planning in complex systems
Assessment of the situation, deciding, language and knowledge are the main parts.
Lecture notesLearning materials: available online (Moodle) before corresponding lecture.
101-0491-00LAgent Based Modeling in TransportationW3 credits2GM. Balac, T. J. P. Dubernet
AbstractThe main topics of the lecture are:
1) Introduction to the agent-based paradigm and overview on existing agent-based models in transportation, including MATSim
2) Learn how to setup MATSim for policy analysis
3) Learn how to extend the software (includes Java programming)
4) Create, run and analyse a policy study
ObjectiveThe objective of this course is to make the students familiar with agent-based models and in particular with the software MATSim. They will learn the pros and cons of this type of approach versus traditional transport models and will learn to use the simulation. They will design a policy study and run simulations to evaluate the impacts of the proposed policies.
ContentThe main topics are:
1) Introduction to the agent-based paradigm and overview on existing agent-based models in transportation, including MATSim
2) Introduction of basic modeling concepts (activity-based approach, user equilibrium...)
3) Learn how to setup MATSim for policy analysis
4) Learn how to extend the software (includes Java programming)
5) Create, run and analyse a policy study
LiteratureAgent-based modeling in general
Helbing, D (2012) Social Self-Organization, Understanding Complex Systems, Springer, Berlin.
Heppenstall, A., A. T. Crooks, L. M. See and M. Batty (2012) Agent-Based Models of Geographical Systems, Springer, Dordrecht.

MATSim

Horni, A., K. Nagel and K.W. Axhausen (eds.) (2016) The Multi-Agent Transport Simulation MATSim, Ubiquity, London
(http://www.matsim.org/the-book)

Additional relevant readings, mostly scientific articles, will be recommended throughout the course.
Prerequisites / NoticeThere are no strict preconditions in terms of which lectures the students should have previously attended. However, it is expected that the students have some experience with some high level programming language (i.e. C, C++, Fortran or Java). If this is not the case, attending the additional java exercises (101-0491-00U) is strongly encouraged.
101-0492-00LMicroscopic Modelling and Simulation of Traffic Operations
Former title until HS16: Simulation of Traffic Operations.
W3 credits2GK. Yang
AbstractThe course introduces basics of microscopic modelling and simulation of traffic operation, including model development, calibration, validation, data analysis, identification of strategies for improving traffic performance, and evaluation of such strategies. The modelling software used is VISSIM.
ObjectiveThe objective of this course is to introduce basic concepts in microscopic traffic modelling and simulation, and conduct a realistic traffic engineering project from beginning to end. The students will first familiarize themselves with microscopic traffic models. They will then use a simulation for modeling and analyzing the traffic operations. The emphasis is not only on building the simulation model, but also understanding of the traffic models behind and logically evaluating results. The final goal is to make valid and concrete engineering proposals based on the simulation model.
ContentIn this course the students will first learn some microscopic modelling and simulation concepts, and then complete a traffic engineering project with microscopic traffic simulator VISSIM.

Microscopic modelling and simulation concepts will include:
1) Car following models
2) Lane change models
3) Calibration and validation methodology

Specific tasks for the project will include:
1) Building a model with the simulator VISSIM in order to replicate and analyze the traffic conditions measured/observed.
2) Calibrating and validating the simulation model.
3) Redesigning/extending the model to improve the traffic performance.
Lecture notesThe lecture notes and additional handouts will be provided before the lectures.
LiteratureAdditional literature recommendations will be provided at the lectures.
Prerequisites / NoticeStudents need to know some basic road transport concepts. The course Road Transport Systems (Verkehr III), or simultaneously taking the course Traffic Engineering is encouraged. The course Transport Simulation (101-0438-00 G) and previous experience with VISSIM is helpful but not mandatory.
101-0449-00LManagement, Marketing, Quality
Does not take place this semester.
W6 credits4GU. A. Weidmann
AbstractTransport and administrative policy, international and national regulation, business management of public transport companies, marketing, advertising and pricing; quality management
ObjectiveComprehension of the transport and administrative policy as well as of the regulation of public transport companies. To develop a full understanding of the three important public transport system operations management processes: (1) Business management; (2) Marketing; (3) Quality control. The course will teach essential working techniques in each of these processes.
Content(1) Transport and administrative policy: Goals of the state related to public transports, governmental activities in public transport, regulation. (2) Business management in public transport enterprises: goals of public transport companies, goals of the business management; management of public transport on the different management levels, business organization. (3) Marketing, advertising and pricing: Fundamentals and goals; marketing strategies and concepts in public transports; marketing tools; putting marketing into action. (4) Quality control: Quality in transport systems; goals of quality management; structuring quality control measures; collecting quality data in an operating service; use of quality control systems for service optimization.
Lecture notesCourse notes will be provided in German. Slides will be made available.
LiteratureReferences to technical literature will be included in the course script. An additional list of literature will be given during the course.
Prerequisites / NoticeLectures System and Network Planning as well as Systems Dimensioning and Capacity recommended.
Major in Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
101-0249-00LSelected Topics on Hydraulic Engineering
Prerequisites: 101-0247-01L Hydraulic Engineering II or equivalent course.
W3 credits2SR. Boes, I. Albayrak
AbstractThe lecture focuses on selected topics in hydraulic engineering, water management and aquatic ecology relating to hydropower and flood protection projects.
Objectiveto deepen knowledge on special aspects in hydraulic engineering and to understand the procedures and the planning sequence of hydropower projects
ContentDifferent selected topics in hydraulic engineering will be focused on, e.g. dam safety, possible problems at reservoirs like sedimentation or natural hazards by impulse waves, the hydraulics of river flows, spillways and intake structures at dams and weirs, hydropower and ecology like fish-ecological aspects at low-head hydropower plants and eco-hydraulics like flow-vegetation interaction. Another focus will be put on typical approaches and procedures in the planning process of hydropower projects.
Lecture notesLecture notes/handouts will be available online.
Literatureis specified in the lecture.
Prerequisites / NoticeExternal speakers will present current topics and projects in Switzerland and abroad.
101-0289-00LApplied Glaciology Information W3 credits2GM. Funk, A. Bauder, D. Farinotti
AbstractWe will explain the fundamentals of physics of glaciers which are necessary for treating applied problems. We will go into climate-glacier interactions, flow of glaciers, lake ice and hydrology of glaciers.
ObjectiveTo understand the fundamental physical processes in glaciology.
To learn some basic numerical modelling techniques for glacier flow.
To identify glaciological hazards and to learn some assessment and mitigation possibilities.
ContentBasics in physical glaciology
Dynamics of glaciers: deformation of glacier ice, role of water in glacier motion, reaction of glaciers to climate changes, glacier calving, surges
Ice falls, ice avalanches
Glacier floods
Lake ice and bearing capacity
Lecture notesHandouts are available
LiteratureRelevante Literatur wird während der Vorlesung angegeben.
Prerequisites / NoticeFür aktuelle Fallbeispiele werden risikobasierte Massnahmen bei glaziologischen Naturgefahren diskutiert.

Voraussetzungen: Es werden Grundkenntnisse in Mechanik und Physik vorausgesetzt.
101-1249-00LHydraulics of Engineering StructuresW3 credits2GH. Fuchs, I. Albayrak, L. Schmocker
AbstractHydraulic fundamentals are applied to hydraulic structures for wastewater, flood protection and hydropower. Typical case studies from engineering practice are further described.
ObjectiveUnderstanding and quantification of fundamental hydraulic processes with particular focus on hydraulic structures for wastewater, flood protection and hydropower
Content1. Introduction & Basic equations
2. Losses in flow & Maximum discharge
3. Uniform flow & Critical flow
4. Hydraulic jump and stilling basin
5. Backwater curves
6. Weirs/End overfalls & Venturi
7. Sideweir & Sidechannel
8. Bottom opening & Culverts, throttling pipes, inverted siphons
9. Fall manholes & Vortex drop
10. Supercritical flow & Special manholes
11. Air/water flows and bottom outlets
12. Vegetated flows - Introduction
13. Vegetated flows - Application
14. Summary & Preparation for examination
Lecture notesText books

Hager, W.H. (2010). Wastewater hydraulics. Springer: New York.
LiteratureExhaustive references are contained in the suggested text book.
102-0215-00LUrban Water Management II Information W4 credits2GM. Maurer, P. Staufer
AbstractTechnical networks in urban water engineering. Water supply: Optimization, water hammer, corrosion and hygiene. Urban drainage: Urban hydrology, non stationary flow, pollutant transport, infiltration of rainwater, wet weather pollution control. General planning, organisation and operation of regional drainage systems.
ObjectiveConsolidation of the basic procedures for design and operation of technical networks in water engineering.
ContentDemand Side Management versus Supply Side Management
Optimierung von Wasserverteilnetzen
Druckstösse
Kalkausfällung, Korrosion von Leitungen
Hygiene in Verteilsystemen
Siedlungshydrologie: Niederschlag, Abflussbildung
Instationäre Strömungen in Kanalisationen
Stofftransport in der Kanalisation
Einleitbedingungen bei Regenwetter
Versickerung von Regenwasser
Generelle Entwässerungsplanung (GEP)
Lecture notesWritten material and copies of the overheads will be available.
Prerequisites / NoticePrerequisite: Introduction to Urban Water Management
101-1250-00LManagement of Hillslope and Channel Processes
Remark: Until FS16 701-1806-00 Management of Hillslope and Channel Processes. No re-enrolment allowed for students having already enroled to former course.
W3 credits2VD. Rickenmann
AbstractHydromechanics, soil mechanics and dynamics of torrent and hillslope processes. Interactions between torrents and adjacent slopes. Technical and bioengineering stabilisation methods. Hazard analysis and general aspects of torrent catchments. Limits of protective measures. Inspection and maintenance of protection systems.
ObjectiveZiel
To recognise and understand channel and hillslope processes and their interactions. To learn about methods of hazard analysis and of technical and bioengineering protection measures and their assessment. Determination of critical loads and design of protective structures. Assessment of spatial and future developments with and without protective measures.
ContentInhalt
Hydromechanics, soil mechanics and dynamics of torrents and hillslopes. Interactions between torrents and adjacent slopes. Technical and bioengineering stabilisation methods. Hazard analysis and general aspects of torrent catchments. Safety analysis and design of protective structures. Limits of protective measures. Inspection and maintenance of technical and bioengineering systems.
Lecture notessee "Literatur"
LiteratureLiteratur
- Böll, A. (1997): Wildbach- und Hangverbau, Berichte der Eidgenössischen Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft, Nr. 343, 123p.
- Rickenmann, D. (2014): Methoden zur quantitativen Beurteilung von Gerinneprozessen in Wildbächen. WSL Berichte, Nr. 9, 105p. (www.wsl.ch/publikationen/pdf/13549.pdf)
- Rickenmann, D. (2016): Methods for the quantitative assessment of channel processes in torrents (steep streams). IAHR monograph, CRC Press, ISBN: 978-1-4987-7662-2. (NEBIS: Online-Ressource)
Prerequisites / NoticeBesonderes
Requirements:
- Essentials of Construction Analysis
- Hydraulics
- Geology and Petrography
- Soil Physics
- Soil Mechanics and Geotechnics
Major in Materials and Mechanics
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
101-0619-00LMechanics of Building Materials Information
Does not take place this semester.
W3 credits2G
AbstractMaterial models comprise our knowledge on the physical behavior of materials. Based on a short introduction to solid mechanics, 3D material laws for elastic, visco-elastic behavior, plasticity and damage mechanics are discussed. We focus on material laws for concrete, metals, wood and other composites, how to obtain parameters from mechanical tests and their application in FEM calculations.
ObjectiveThis introductory course aims to bridge the gap between phenomenological, qualitative comprehension of processes in building materials, their characterization in mechanical testing and the ability to apply those for practical design purposes via constitutive models.

Upon completion of the course you should be able to:

- classify different material behavior (e.g. linear/non-linear elastic, elasto-plastic, creep) with respect to types of constitutive material models (total /incremental strain models, damage / plasticity models, linear visco-elasticity),

- review how incremental strain models (e.g. elasto-plastic) are algorithmically implemented in Finite Element software (UMat of Abaqus),

- formulate the main approach and assumptions to the most import models for building materials and discuss their limitations,

- propose experimental campaigns for obtaining relevant material parameters for non-linear material models.
Content- Introduction to constitutive models for materials
- Fundaments of mechanics of materials
- Cauchy-, hyper- and hypoelastic material descriptions
- Constitutive Models for Concrete (non-linear elastic)
- Introduction to metall and concrete plasticity
- Introduction to ABAQUS UMAT Programming
- Damage continuum mechanics
- Linear visco-elastic materials
Lecture notesWill be provided during the lecture.
101-0639-01LScience and Engineering of Glass and Natural Stone in Construction Information W3 credits2GF. Wittel, T. Wangler
AbstractThe course offers an overview of relevant practical issues and present technological challenges for glass and natural stones in constructions. Students gain a good knowledge of the basics of glasses and natural stones, their potential as engineering materials and learn to apply them in the design of civil engineering constructions and to evaluate concepts.
ObjectiveGlass is increasingly used in constructions to ease the construction process, as functional insulation barrier, even for structural applications of impressive size. While everyone has experienced the innovation potential of glass in the last decade, products from natural stone suffer from an unjustified traditional image that often originates from a lack of understanding of the material and its combination with other materials. Culturally important structures often are made from natural stone and their conservation demands an understanding of their deterioration mechanisms, the concepts of which can be applied to other civil engineering materials. Designers and engineers need the knowledge to reconcile materials and system behavior with the entire processing, handling, integration and life time in mind.
In this module students are provided with a broad fundamental as well as practice-oriented education on glass and natural stone in civil engineering applications. Present and future construction and building concepts demand for such materials with optimized properties. Based on the fundamentals from the Bachelor course in materials by the end of this module, you should be able to:

-recognize and choose specific applications from the broad overview you were provided with,

-relate processing technologies to typical products and building applications and recognize (and explain typical damage related to wrong material choice or application,

-explain the nature of glassy and crystalline materials and interpret their physical behavior against this background,

-explain the major deterioration mechanisms in natural stone and how this relates to durability,

-analyze material combinations and appraise their application in future products as well as integration in existing constructions,

-summarize with appropriate guidance publications on a related topic in an oral presentation and short report.
ContentLecture 1: An introduction to science and engineering of glass and natural stone in construction (FW/TW)

Lecture 2: Glass chemistry including historical development of glass composition, use of raw materials, melts, chemical stability and corrosion. (FW)

Lecture 3: Geology and mineralogy of stones used in construction. Formation processes, chemistry, crystal structure. (TW)

Lecture 4: Microscopic models for glassy materials. Physics of vitrification. From microscopic physical models to thermodynamics, rheology and mechanics of glassy materials. (FW)

Lecture 5: Stone properties and behavior: microstructure, density, porosity, mechanical properties (TW)

Lecture 6: Glass physics: Optical properties (transmission, reflection, emission, refraction, polarization and birefringence, testing methods); Mechanical properties (density, thermal, mechanical, electric properties, glass testing) (FW)

Lecture 7: Stone properties and durability: transport, moisture and thermal cycling (TW)

Lecture 8: Forming and processing of glass: (plate and molded glass, drawing, slumping, profiling etc.; Processing: Cutting, mechanical processing, tempering, gluing, bending, laminating of glass Surface treatments: coating, sputtering, enameling, printing, etching, chemical pre-stressing.) (FW)

Lecture 9: Durability: Salt crystallization, freezing, biodeterioration (TW)

Lecture 10: Glass products for civil engineering applications: (Molded glasses, fiber glass, foam glass, plate glass); construction glass (insulation glass, structural glass, protective glass, intelligent glass, codes); (FW)

Lecture 11: Conservation: Consolidation, cleaning, and other treatments (TW).

Lecture 12: Glass in constructions. (modelling, application and regulation, typical damage in glass) (FW)

Lecture 13: Student presentations; exam questions (FW/TW)
Lecture notesWill be handed out in the lectures
LiteratureWerkstoffe II script (download via the IFB homepage). Rest will be handed out in the lectures
Prerequisites / NoticeWerkstoffe I/II of the bachelor studies or equivalent introductory materials lecture.
101-0659-01LDurability and Maintenance of Reinforced ConcreteW3 credits2VU. Angst, B. Elsener
AbstractThe course focuses on durability of RC structures, in particular the corrosion of steel in concrete. The main emphasis lies on understanding the mechanisms, design and execution aspects related to durability of new and existing structures. New methods and materials for preventative measures, condition assessment and repair techniques are treated with lectures and practice related exercises.
ObjectiveUnderstand the mechanism of deterioration of RC structures, in particular reinforcement corrosion.
Know the relevant parameters affecting durability of reinforced concrete, in particular cover depth, concrete quality, moisture, and the ways to control durability
Understand the current approaches for design for durability (exposure classes, prescriptive) and be aware of their limitations
Know the future performance-based models for durability design and the difficulties in defining input parameters (such as critical chloride content).
Know and understand different ways to improve durability of RC structures (e.g. stainless steel reinforcement)
Know the particular problems with post-tensioned structures and ways to overcome them (electrically isolated tendons).
Know and understand the non-destructive methods for inspection and condition assessment (especially half-cell potential mapping) and be aware of the limitations
Know and understand repair methods such as conventional repair, electrochemical methods (in particular cathodic protection)
Be aware of differences in performance of the new blended cements (especially CEM II with limestone) respect to the traditional Portland cement and the possible future problems for durability.
ContentReinforced concrete combines the good compressive strength of concrete with the high tensile strength of steel and has proven to be successful in terms of structural performance and durability. However, there are instances of premature failure of reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete components due to corrosion of the reinforcing steel with very high economic implications of such damage. This course focuses on the chloride and carbonation induced corrosion of steel in concrete, presenting transport mechanisms and electrochemical concepts. The main emphasis lies on design and execution aspects related to durability of new and existing structures. New methods and materials for preventative measures, condition assessment and repair techniques are discussed. The course is a point of reference for engineers and materials scientists involved in research and practice of corrosion protection, rehabilitation and maintenance of reinforced concrete structures and components.

Content of the course in detail:

Lecture 1
Administrative issues, literature, what do students expect to learn? Introduction (economic relevance of durability, transition from building to maintenance). Fundamentals of corrosion and durability / Passivity and pitting corrosion

Lecture 2
Reinforced concrete / Corrosion protection / Degradation mechanism corrosion (chlorides/carbonation) / electrochemical mechanism / controlling parameters / cracks and spalling on surface, danger of localized corrosion

Lecture 3
Other degradation mechanisms: sulphate attack, ASR, frost attack
Various examples, frequency of occurrence of individual deterioration mechanisms

Lecture 4
Service life: initiation stage & propagation stage. Durability design: prescriptive approach, constructive detailing, importance of moisture for almost all degradation mechanisms. Performance based approach, simple diffusion approach for chloride ingress, Critical chloride content (influencing parameters)

Lecture 5
Stainless steel as reinforcing steel for concrete / different types of stainless steels / mechanical properties / corrosion resistance, passivity / coupling with black reinforcing steel / examples of application / life-cycle-costs

Lecture 6
Inspection and condition assessment I: visual inspection / destructive testing (chloride profiles, carbonation depth, thin section analysis, etc.)

Lectures 7
Inspection and condition assessment II: non-destructive testing (potential mapping, cover depth measurement, resistivity measurement). Potential mapping: measurement principle / effect of carbonated cover zone / effect of moisture / examples

Lecture 8
Post-tensioned structures / problem with existing structures: no NDT method / approach for protection (multiple barrier) / new systems with polymer ducts / electrically isolated tendons / fib guidelines / Swiss guideline / Monitoring techniques / Applications

Lecture 9
Repair methods I: conventional repair / coatings / inhibitors / limitations

Lecture 10
Repair methods II: electrochemical repair methods (ECR, ER, CP) / principles / electrochemical chloride removal (theory and examples) / electrochemical realkalization (theory and examples) / when can these methods be applied ? / cost aspects

Lecture 11
Repair methods III: cathodic protection (theory, technical solutions, anode systems, etc and examples). Monitoring of CP.

Lecture 12
New cements, issue of CO2 reduction. Effects of fly ash, slag, limestone on workability, diffusion coefficient, resistivity, pH (including a discussion of the pozzolanic reaction and it's consequences with respect to pH buffering Portlandite reserve). Discuss products on the Swiss market.

Lecture 13
Summary of most important points of this course given by the students. Open discussion about durability design, use of new cements, new materials and repair methods. Expected consequences for practice ? Course evaluation and time for asking questions.
Lecture notesThe course is based on the book
Corrosion of steel in concrete - prevention diagnosis repair (WILEY 2013) by L. Bertolini, B. Elsener, P. Pedeferri and R. Polder)
Slides of the lectures will be distributed in advance
Special hand outs and reprints for particular topics will be distributed
LiteratureA first overview can be found in: B. Elsener, Corrosion of Steel in Concrete, in "Corrosion and Environmental Degradation", ed. M. Schütze, WILEY VCH (2000) Vol.2 pp. 391 - 431

Backbone of the course: Corrosion of Steel in Concrete - Prevention diagnosis repair, L. Bertolini, B. Elsener, P. Pedeferri, R. Polder, WILEY VCH 2nd edition (2013)
Prerequisites / NoticeStudents are encouraged to actively participate during the lectures. Students are expected to work on all the exercises (four). For one exercise a detailed written solution of the exercise has to be delivered (after the discussion).

Students should have passed the exams on Werkstoffe I and II.
101-0669-00LBituminous MaterialsW3 credits2GM. Partl
AbstractIntroduction into special aspects of the mechanical and chemo-physical properties as well as the structure and application of bituminous materials for road and waterproofing application considering also new R&D trends
ObjectiveIntroduction into special aspects of the mechanical and chemo-physikal properties as well as the structure and application of bituminous materials for road and waterproofing application considering also new R&D trends
ContentBasics of mechanical behavior: Viscosity, rheological models, viscoelasticity, time-temperature superposition, fatigue, viscoplasticity.
Bituminous binders: Tar-related issues, bitumen, natural asphalt, polymer modified bitumen, technological tests, mechanical-physical properties, binder classification, bitumen emulsions, foam bitumen.
Asphalt pavements: material structure and concepts, production, mixture testing and characterization, mixture types, recycling
Waterproofing membranes: tack- coats, structure of polymer modified waterproofing membranes, production, typical tests, system-related properties, conastruction and application
Lecture notesScript, handed out during lecture
Prerequisites / NoticeThe lecture comprises two optional written exercises. It also includes one literature exercise with short presentation which is mandatory.
101-0689-00LShrinkage and Cracking of Concrete: Mechanisms and Impact on DurabilityW3 credits2VP. Lura, M. Wyrzykowski
AbstractConcrete is generally viewed as a durable construction material. However, the long-term performance of a concrete structure can be greatly compromised by early-age cracking. This course will explain how shrinkage of concrete leads to cracking and how control of shrinkage allows increasing the expected durability of a concrete structure.
ObjectiveThis course will begin with a brief introduction about hydration and microstructure development in cement paste and concrete. The students will learn the main causes of cracking at early ages, namely plastic, drying, thermal and autogenous shrinkage, with special emphasis on the driving mechanisms. The importance of concrete curing, especially in the first few days after casting, will be stressed and explained. Building on the knowledge of the driving forces of shrinkage, the way of action of shrinkage-reducing admixtures will be clarified and different applications illustrated. As an extension of external curing, the students will become familiar with internal water curing by means of saturated lightweight aggregates and superabsorbent polymers.
Most concrete members are restrained by adjacent structures. When shrinkage is restrained, cracks may develop. The students will learn how to apply different criteria for assessing concrete cracking and how to retrieve the mechanical properties of the concrete, especially stiffness and creep, relevant for the calculations.
In addition to macroscopic cracks, microcracking may occur in the cement paste due to inner restraint offered by the aggregates. Both macroscopic cracks and diffuse microcracking within a concrete may facilitate the ingress of harmful substances (e.g. chloride and sulfate ions) into the concrete; these may react with the concrete or with the reinforcement and create further deterioration. The students will acquire an understanding of the mechanisms of transport through cracked concrete, with special focus on experimental evidence and on techniques able to visualize the transport process and follow it in time.
As a final outcome of the course, the students will be able to estimate the impact of cracking on the expected durability of concrete structures and to implement different types of measures to reduce the extent of cracking.
ContentConcrete is generally viewed as a long-lasting construction material. However, the durability of a concrete structure can be jeopardized by shrinkage-induced cracking. In addition to being unsightly, cracks have the potential to act as weak planes for further distress or as conduits for accelerated ingress of aggressive agents that may reduce durability.
Advances in concrete technology over the past decades have led to the practical use of concrete with a low water to binder ratio and with different types of mineral and organic admixtures. Another recent development is self-compacting concrete, which avoids concrete vibration and reduces labor during placing. Unfortunately, these concretes are especially prone to cracking at an early age, unless special precautions are taken. Proper curing becomes in this case the key to achieve better performance in various environmental and load conditions.
Specific topics covered by the course:
- Hydration and microstructure development
- Plastic shrinkage
- Development of mechanical properties
- Thermal deformation
- Autogenous deformation
- Drying shrinkage
- Creep and relaxation
- Curing
- Shrinkage-reducing admixtures
- Internal curing: saturated lightweight aggregates and superabsorbent polymers
- Fracture and microcracking
- Transport in cracked concrete
- Impact of cracking on concrete durability
- Self-healing of cracks
Lecture notesFor each lecture, lecture notes will be provided. In addition, one or two research papers for each lecture will be indicated as supportive information.
LiteratureCopies of one to two research papers relevant to the topic of each lecture will be provided to the students as supportive information.
Prerequisites / NoticeA basic knowledge of concrete technology is preferable.
151-0353-00LMechanics of Composite Materials Information W4 credits2V + 1UG. Kress
AbstractModelling of stiffness and strength of fiber-reinforced plastics and laminates made thereof as well as simple structures is considered. For free-edge effects and periodic structures numerically efficient FEM approaches for generalized plane strain and unit-cell modelling are explained. Finally, the mechanical interpretation of experimental measurement results is treated.
ObjectiveThe objective is to impart understanding of the mechanical response of structures made from anisotropic and heterogeneous fiber-reinforced composite materials with all the peculiarities which are not known from metals. The course shall incite fascination with the multifaceted and exciting modelling questions in this field, providing a basis for research. On the other hand the course provides qualification for composite-materials product development within an industrial environment.
Content1. Introduction and elastic anisotropy
2. Laminate theory
3. Thick-walled laminates and interlaminar stresses
4. Edge effects at multidirectional laminates
5. Structural problems and simplified finite-element modelling
6. Micromechanics
7. Failure hypotheses and damage prediction
8. Damage progression analysis
9. Static-strength notch-size influence
10. Fatigue Response
11. Design and sizing, sandwich theory
12. Plain-weave non-linear mechanical model
13. Composite materials mechanical testing
Lecture notesScript and all other course material is available on MOODLE:

https://moodle-app2.let.ethz.ch/course/view.php?id=2610
LiteratureThe lecture material is covered by the script and further literature is referenced in there.
Prerequisites / NoticeNone
151-0833-00LPrinciples of Nonlinear Finite-Element-Methods Information W5 credits2V + 2UN. Manopulo, B. Berisha
AbstractMost problems in engineering are of nonlinear nature. The nonlinearities are caused basically due to the nonlinear material behavior, contact conditions and instability of structures. The principles of the nonlinear Finite-Element-Method (FEM) will be introduced in the scope of this lecture for treating such problems.
ObjectiveThe goal of the lecture is to provide the students with the fundamentals of the non linear Finite Element Method (FEM). The lecture focuses on the principles of the nonlinear Finite-Element-Method based on explicit and implicit formulations. Typical applications of the nonlinear Finite-Element-Methods are simulations of:

- Crash
- Collapse of structures
- Materials in Biomechanics (soft materials)
- General forming processes

Special attention will be paid to the modeling of the nonlinear material behavior, thermo-mechanical processes and processes with large plastic deformations. The ability to independently create a virtual model which describes the complex non linear systems will be acquired through accompanying exercises. These will include the Matlab programming of important model components such as constitutive equations
Content- Fundamentals of continuum mechanics to characterize large plastic deformations
- Elasto-plastic material models
- Updated-Lagrange (UL), Euler and combined Euler-Lagrange (ALE) approaches
- FEM implementation of constitutive equations
- Element formulations
- Implicit and explicit FEM methods
- FEM formulations of coupled thermo-mechanical problems
- Modeling of tool contact and the influence of friction
- Solvers and convergence
- Modeling of crack propagation
- Introduction of advanced FE-Methods
Lecture notesyes
LiteratureBathe, K. J., Finite-Element-Procedures, Prentice-Hall, 1996
Prerequisites / NoticeIf we will have a large number of students, two dates for the exercises will be offered.
101-0637-10LStructures of Wood and Function Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants limited to 15.
W3 credits2GI. Burgert, E. R. Zürcher
AbstractThe lecture Wood structure and function conveys basic knowledge on the microstructure of softwoods and hardwoods as well as general and species-specific relationships between growth processes, wood properties and wood function in the living tree.
ObjectiveLearning target is a basic understanding of the anatomy of wood and the related impact of endogenous and exogenous factors. The students can learn how to distinguish common central European wood species at the macroscopic and microscopic level. A deeper insight will be given by wood identification exercises for softwood species. Further the students will gain insight into the relationships between tree growth and wood properties with a specific focus on the wood function in the living tree.
ContentIn an introduction to wood anatomy, the general structural features of softwoods and hardwoods will be explained and factors of diversity and variability will be discussed. A specific focus is laid on common central European tree species with relevance in the wood sector, which will be studied in macro-and microstructural investigations. For softwoods, exercises for the identification of species will be conducted. In the following, relationships between wood structure, properties and function in the living tree will be in the focus of the lecture. Topics covered are mechanical stability and water transport, branches, reaction wood formation (compression wood, tension wood), spiral growth, growth stresses as well as adaptive growth of trees.
101-0637-20LFundamentals of Wood Elaboration and WoodmachiningW3 credits2GI. Burgert, O. F. Kläusler
AbstractThe lecture Wood processing conveys knowledge on technological properties of wood and wood-based materials as well as on industrial processes for the fabrication of a vast variety of wood products.
ObjectiveLearning target is a fundamental understanding of the dominating wood machining processes, which are applied to fabricate common wood products. Students will be introduced to the economic relevance of the renewable resource wood and are trained in its technological properties. The students will learn to identify the relationships between wood species and their properties as well as the suitable wood machining processes to fabricate targeted wood products.
ContentThe general introduction shows the economic relevance of the resource wood in a global, European and Swiss context and reflects aspects of sustainability in wood production and certification. In terms of bulk wood products a specific focus in laid on sawn timber production and drying processes. With regard to wood veneer production, steaming, veneer cutting and assembly to veneer lumber products are presented. Further the common technologies for the production of particle boards and fibre boards as well as paper will be discussed. In the following, the topics are related to wood gluing and wood protection as well as potentials and limitations in the application of wood and wood-based products. At the end of the lecture an excursion to a Swiss wood manufacturer is planned, in order to facilitate practical experience.
151-0513-00LMechanics of Soft Materials and TissuesW4 credits3GA. E. Ehret
AbstractAn introduction to concepts for the constitutive modelling of highly deformable materials with non-linear properties is given in application to rubber-like materials and soft biological tissues. Related experimental methods for materials characterization and computational methods for simulation are addressed.
ObjectiveThe objective of the course is to provide an overview of the wide range of non-linear mechanical behaviors displayed by soft materials and tissues together with a basic understanding of their physical origin, to familiarize students with appropriate mathematical concepts for their modelling, and to illustrate the application of these concepts in different fields in mechanics.
ContentSoft solids: rubber-like materials, gels, soft biological tissues
Non-linear continuum mechanics: kinematics, stress, balance laws
Mechanical characterization: experiments and their interpretation
Constitutive modeling: basic principles
Large strain elasticity: hyperelastic materials
Rubber-elasticity: statistical vs. phenomenological models
Biomechanics of soft tissues: composites, anisotropy, heterogeneity
Dissipative behavior: examples and the concept of internal variables.
Lecture notesAccompanying learning materials will be provided or made available for download during the course.
LiteratureRecommended text:
G.A. Holzapfel, Nonlinear Solid Mechanics - A continuum approach for engineering, 2000
L.R.G. Treloar, The physics of rubber elasticity, 3rd ed., 2005
P. Haupt, Continuum Mechanics and Theory of Materials, 2nd ed., 2002
Prerequisites / NoticeA good knowledge base in continuum mechanics, ideally a completed course in non-linear continuum mechanics, is recommended.
Projects
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
101-0198-01LProject on Construction Engineering Restricted registration - show details W9 credits18ASupervisors
AbstractWorking on a concrete task in Construction Engineering
ObjectivePromote independent, structured and scientific work; learn to apply engineering methods; deepen the knowledge in the field of the treated task.
ContentThe project work is supervised by a professor. Students can choose from different subjects and tasks.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe project work requires normally 250 to 300 hours of work.
101-0298-01LProject on Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management Restricted registration - show details W9 credits18ALecturers
AbstractWorking on a concrete task in Hydraulic Engineering
ObjectivePromote independent, structured and scientific work; learn to apply engineering methods; deepen the knowledge in the field of the treated task.
ContentThe project work is supervised by a professor. Students can choose from different subjects and tasks.
101-0398-01LProject on Geotechnical Engineering Restricted registration - show details W9 credits18ALecturers
AbstractWorking on a concrete task in Geotechnical Engineering
ObjectivePromote independent, structured and scientific work; learn to apply engineering methods; deepen the knowledge in the field of the treated task.
ContentThe project work is supervised by a professor. Students can choose from different subjects and tasks.
101-0498-01LProject on Transport Systems Restricted registration - show details W9 credits18ALecturers
AbstractWorking on a concrete task on Transport Systems
ObjectivePromote independent, structured and scientific work; learn to apply engineering methods; deepen the knowledge in the field of the treated task.
ContentThe project work is supervised by a professor. Students can choose from different subjects and tasks.
101-0598-01LProject on Construction and Maintenance Management Restricted registration - show details W9 credits18ALecturers
AbstractWorking on a concrete task in Construction Engineering and Management
ObjectivePromote independent, structured and scientific work; learn to apply engineering methods; deepen the knowledge in the field of the treated task.
ContentThe project work is supervised by a professor. Students can choose from different subjects and tasks.
101-0698-01LProject on Materials and Mechanics Restricted registration - show details W9 credits18ALecturers
AbstractWorking on a concrete task in Materials and Mechanics
ObjectivePromote independent, structured and scientific work; learn to apply engineering methods; deepen the knowledge in the field of the treated task.
ContentThe project work is supervised by a professor. Students can choose from different subjects and tasks.