# Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2015

Physics Master | ||||||

Core Courses | ||||||

Core Courses: Theoretical Physics | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
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402-0871-00L | Solid State Theory | W | 10 credits | 4V + 1U | V. Geshkenbein | |

Abstract | The course is addressed to students in experimental and theoretical condensed matter physics and provides a theoretical introduction to a variety of important concepts used in this field. | |||||

Objective | The course provides a theoretical frame for the understanding of basic pinciples in solid state physics. Such a frame includes the topics of symmetries, band structures, many body interactions, Landau Fermi-liquid theory, and specific topics such as transport, superconductivity, or magnetism. The exercises illustrate the various themes in the lecture and help to develop problem-solving skills. The student understands basic concepts in solid state physics and is able to solve simple problems. No diagrammatic tools will be developed. | |||||

Content | The course is addressed to students in experimental and theoretical condensed matter physics and provides a theoretical introduction to a variety of important concepts used in this field. A selection is made from topics such as: Symmetries and their handling via group theoretical concepts, electronic structure in crystals, insulators-semiconductors-metals, phonons, interaction effects, (un-)screened Fermi-liquids, linear response theory, collective modes, screening, transport in semiconductors and metals, magnetism, Mott-insulators, quantum-Hall effect, superconductivity. | |||||

Lecture notes | in English | |||||

402-0844-00L | Quantum Field Theory II | W | 10 credits | 3V + 2U | G. Isidori | |

Abstract | The subject of the course is modern applications of quantum field theory with emphasis on the quantization of non-abelian gauge theories. | |||||

Objective | ||||||

Content | The following topics will be covered: - path integral quantization - non-abelian gauge theories and their quantization - systematics of renormalization, including BRST symmetries, Slavnov-Taylor Identities and the Callan Symanzik equation - gauge theories with spontaneous symmetry breaking and their quantization - renormalization of spontaneously broken gauge theories and quantum effective actions | |||||

Literature | M.E. Peskin and D.V. Schroeder, An introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Perseus (1995). L.H. Ryder, Quantum Field Theory, CUP (1996). S. Weinberg, The Quantum Theory of Fields (Volume 2), CUP (1996). M. Srednicki, Quantum Field Theory, CUP (2006). | |||||

402-0394-00L | Theoretical Astrophysics and Cosmology | W | 10 credits | 4V + 2U | L. M. Mayer, A. Refregier | |

Abstract | This is the second of a two course series which starts with "General Relativity" and continues in the spring with "Theoretical Astrophysics and Cosmology", where the focus will be on applying general relativity to cosmology as well as developing the modern theory of structure formation in a cold dark matter Universe. | |||||

Objective | ||||||

Content | The course will cover the following topics: - Homogeneous cosmology - Thermal history of the universe, recombination, baryogenesis and nucleosynthesis - Dark matter and Dark Energy - Inflation - Perturbation theory: Relativistic and Newtonian - Model of structure formation and initial conditions from Inflation - Cosmic microwave background anisotropies - Spherical collapse and galaxy formation - Large scale structure and cosmological probes | |||||

Literature | Suggested textbooks: H.Mo, F. Van den Bosch, S. White: Galaxy Formation and Evolution S. Carroll: Space-Time and Geometry: An Introduction to General Relativity S. Dodelson: Modern Cosmology Secondary textbooks: S. Weinberg: Gravitation and Cosmology V. Mukhanov: Physical Foundations of Cosmology E. W. Kolb and M. S. Turner: The Early Universe N. Straumann: General relativity with applications to astrophysics A. Liddle and D. Lyth: Cosmological Inflation and Large Scale Structure | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Knowledge of General Relativity is recommended. | |||||

Core Courses: Experimental Physics | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

402-0448-00L | Quantum Information Processing | W | 10 credits | 3V + 2U | A. Imamoglu, R. Renner | |

Abstract | The course is an introduction to quantum information processing. It covers the basic theory of quantum information and quantum computation as well as experimental aspects. | |||||

Objective | The goal is to acquire a good understanding of the ideas underlying quantum information processing. The course is also a preparation for subsequent more specialised courses in the area of quantum information science. | |||||

Content | The course starts with a treatment of key features of quantum theory that are relevant for information processing (such as quantum entanglement and non-locality). It covers basic communication tasks (quantum teleportation, entanglement swapping, key distribution, and distributed computation) as well as models of computation (e.g., the gate model) and algorithms (Deutsch-Jozsa and Shor). Further core topics are decoherence, quantum error correction, and fault tolerant quantum computation. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Quantum Mechanics I | |||||

402-0702-00L | Phenomenology of Particle Physics II | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | M. Grazzini, B. Kilminster | |

Abstract | In PPP II the standard model of particle physics will be developed from the point of view of gauge invariance. The example of QED will introduce the essential concepts. Then we will treat both strong and electroweak interactions. Important examples like deep inelastic lepton-hadron scattering, e+e- -> fermion antifermion, and weak particle decays will be calculated in detail. | |||||

Objective | ||||||

402-0264-00L | Astrophysics II | W | 10 credits | 3V + 2U | M. Carollo | |

Abstract | The course examines various topics in astrophysics with an emphasis on physical processes occurring in an expanding Universe, from a time about 1 microsecond after the Big Bang, to the formation of galaxies and supermassive black holes within the next billion years. | |||||

Objective | The course examines various topics in astrophysics with an emphasis on physical processes occurring in an expanding Universe. These include the Robertson-Walker metric, the Friedmann models, the thermal history of the Universe after 1 micro-sec including Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, and introduction to Inflation, and the growth of structure through gravitational instability. The observational determination of cosmological parameters is studied in some detail, including the imprinting of temperature fluctuations on the microwave background. Finally, the key physics of the formation of galaxies and the development of black-hole is reviewed, including the way in which the first structures re-ionize the Universe. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | This course covers the former Wahlfach course "Cosmology and Large-Scale Structure of the Universe" (402-0377-00L). Therefore it is not allowed to take credits for both courses. Prior completion of Astrophysics I is recommended but not required. | |||||

402-0265-00L | Astrophysics III | W | 10 credits | 3V + 2U | H. M. Schmid | |

Abstract | Astrophysics III is a course in Galactic Astrophysics. It introduces the concepts of stellar populations, stellar dynamics, interstellar medium, and star formation for understanding the physics and phenomenology of the different components of the Milky Way galaxy. | |||||

Objective | The course should provide basic knowledge for first research projects in the field of star formation and interstellar matter. A strong emphasis is put on radiation processes and the determination of physical parameters from observations. | |||||

Content | Astrophysics III: Galactic Astrophysics - components of the Milky Way: stars, ISM, dark matter, - dynamics of the Milky Way and of different subcomponents, - the physics of the interstellar medium, - star formation and feedback, and - the Milky Way origin and evolution. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prior completion of Astrophysics I is recommended but not required. | |||||

» Core Courses (Physics Bachelor) [eligible for Master if not already used for Bachelor] | ||||||

Electives | ||||||

Electives: Physics and Mathematics | ||||||

Selection: Solid State Physics | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

402-0516-10L | Group Theoretical Methods in Solid State Physics | W | 12 credits | 3V + 3U | D. Pescia | |

Abstract | This lecture introduces the fundamental concepts of group theory and their representations. The accent is on the concrete applications of the mathematical concepts to practical quantum mechanical problems of solid state physics and other fields of physics rather than on their mathematical proof. | |||||

Objective | The aim of this lecture is to give a fundamental knowledge on the application of symmetry in atoms, molecules and solids. The lecture is intended for students at the master and Phd. level in Physics that would like to have a practical and comprehensive view of the role of symmetry in physics. Students in their third year of Bachelor will be perfectly able to follow the lecture and can use it for their future master curriculuum. Students from other Departement are welcome, but they should have a solid background in mathematics and physics, although the lecture is quite self-contained. | |||||

Content | 1. Groups, Classes, Representation theory, Characters of a representation and theorems involving them. 2. The symmetry group of the Schrödinger equation, Invariant subspaces, Atomic orbitals, Molecular vibrations, Cristal field splitting, Compatibility relations, Band structure of crystals. 3. SU(2) and spin, The double group, The Kronecker Product, The Clebsch-Gordan coefficients, Clebsch-Gordan coeffients for point groups,The Wigner-Eckart theorem and its applications to optical transitions. | |||||

Lecture notes | The copy of the blackboard is made available online. | |||||

Literature | This lecture is essentially a practical application of the concepts discussed in: - L.D. Landau, E.M. Lifshitz, Lehrbuch der Theor. Pyhsik, Band III, "Quantenmechanik", Akademie-Verlag Berlin, 1979, Kap. XII - Ibidem, Band V, "Statistische Physik", Teil 1, Akademie-Verlag 1987, Kap. XIII and XIV. | |||||

402-0515-00L | Condensed Matter Physics: Modern Topics | W | 6 credits | 3G | B. Batlogg | |

Abstract | Students will be introduced to selected current "hot" topics of modern condensed matter physics research. We will discuss: conceptual questions, methods, interplay between experiment and theory. | |||||

Objective | The goal of this course is to provide an introduction to current "hot topics" of condensed matter physics. Conceptional questions will be addressed, experimental methods will be mentioned, and the connection to the relevant materials will be made. The interplay between theoretical and experimental contributions will be highlighted. Audience: Students of Physics, Materials Science, and Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences. | |||||

Content | Examples of topics to be discussed include ( suggestions for other topics are welcome): superconductivity: materials and mechanisms ; graphene and carbon nano-tubes ; cuprate and Fe-based superconductors ; organic semiconductors ; Fermi liquids and Non-Fermi liquids ; quantum phase transitions ; metal - insulator transitions ; topological insulators ; Anderson localization ; Fermi surface : ARPES and quantum oscillations | |||||

Lecture notes | Hand-outs will be distributed during the course. | |||||

Literature | References to original literature and review articles will be disributed. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Depending on the student's preference, this course will be held in German and/or in English. This course is given by an experienced experimental physicist, who has been working in a wide range of topics in condensed matter physics. He will be glad to consider requests for discussion of additional topics. | |||||

402-0528-12L | Ultrafast Methods in Solid State Physics | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | Y. M. Acremann | |

Abstract | This course provides an overview of experimental methods and techniques used to study dynamical processes in solids. Many processes in solids happen on a picosecond to femtosecond time scale. In this course we discuss different methods to generate femtosecond photon pulses and measurement techniques adapted to time resolved experiments. | |||||

Objective | The goal of the course is to enable students to identify and evaluate experimental methods to manipulate and measure the electronic, magnetic and structural properties of solids on the fastest possible time scales. These "ultrafast methods" potentially lead both to an improved understanding of fundamental interactions in condensed matter and to applications in data storage, materials processing and solid-state computing. | |||||

Content | The topical course outline is as follows: 0. Introduction Time scales in solids and technology Time vs. frequency domain experiments Pump-Probe technique 1. Ultrafast processes in solids, an overview Electron gas Lattice Spin system 2. Ultrafast optical-frequency methods Ultrafast laser sources Broadband techniques Harmonic generation, optical parametric amplification Fluorescence 2-D Spectroscopies 3. THz-frequency methods Mid-IR and THz interactions with solids Difference frequency mixing Optical rectification 4. Ultrafast VUV and x-ray frequency methods Synchrotron based sources Free electron lasers Higher harmonic generation based sources Photoemission spectroscopy Time resolved X-ray microscopy Coherent imaging 5. Electron spectroscopy in the time domain | |||||

Lecture notes | Will be distributed. | |||||

Literature | Will be distributed. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Although the course "Ultrafast Processes in Solids" (402-0526-00L) is useful as a companion to this course, it is not a prerequisite. | |||||

402-0318-00L | Semiconductor Materials: Characterization, Processing and Devices | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | S. Schön, W. Wegscheider | |

Abstract | This course gives an introduction into the fundamentals of semiconductor materials. The main focus in this semester is on state-of-the-art characterization, semiconductor processing and devices. | |||||

Objective | Basic knowledge of semiconductor physics and technology. Application of this knowledge for state-of-the-art semiconductor device processing | |||||

Content | Semiconductor material characterization (ex situ): Structural and chemical methods (XRD, SEM, TEM, EDX, EELS, SIMS), electronic methods (Hall & quantum Hall effect, transport), optical methods (PL, absorption sepctroscopy); Semiconductor processing: E-beam lithography, optical lithography, structuring of layers and devices (RIE, ICP), thin film deposition (metallization, PECVD, sputtering, ALD); Semiconductor devices: Bipolar and field effect transistors, semiconductor lasers, other devices | |||||

Lecture notes | https://moodle-app2.let.ethz.ch/course/view.php?id=1233 | |||||

402-0536-00L | Ferromagnetism: From Thin Films to Spintronics | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | R. Allenspach | |

Abstract | Ferromagnetism: from Thin Films to Spintronics | |||||

Objective | Knowing the most important concepts and applications of ferromagnetism, in particular on the nanoscale (thin films, small structures). Being able to read and understand scientific articles at the front of research in this area. Learn to know how and why a hard disk functions. Learn to condense and present the results of a research articles so that the colleagues understand. | |||||

Content | Short revisit of some fundamental terms from the "Fundamental Aspects of Magnetism" lecture. Topics: Magnetization curves, magnetic domains, magnetic anisotropy; novel effects in ultrathin magnetic films and multilayers: interlayer exchange, spin transport; magnetization dynamics, spin precession. Applications: Magnetic data storage, magnetic memories, spin-based electronics, also called spintronics. | |||||

Lecture notes | Script will be handed out. Script is in English. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Language: English, or German if all students agree. | |||||

402-0596-00L | Electronic Transport in Nanostructures | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | T. M. Ihn | |

Abstract | The lecture discusses basic quantum phenomena occurring in electron transport through nanostructures: Drude theory, Landauer-Buttiker theory, conductance quantization, Aharonov-Bohm effect, weak localization/antilocalization, shot noise, integer and fractional quantum Hall effects, tunneling transport, Coulomb blockade, coherent manipulation of charge- and spin-qubits. | |||||

Objective | ||||||

Lecture notes | The lecture is based on the book: T. Ihn, Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum States and Electronic Transport, ISBN 978-0-19-953442-5, Oxford University Press, 2010. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | A solid basis in quantum mechanics, electrostatics, quantum statistics and in solid state physics is required. Students of the Master in Micro- and Nanosystems should at least have attended the lecture by David Norris, Introduction to quantum mechanics for engineers. They should also have passed the exam of the lecture Semiconductor Nanostructures. | |||||

402-0546-00L | Energy-Efficient Lighting with Semiconductors | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | H. von Känel | |

Abstract | Replacing incandescent lamps by solid-state lighting is expected to yield significant energy savings in the future. We discuss the physical principles of high brightness light emitting diodes (LEDs), the properties of nitride semiconductors used for LED fabrication, and the deposition, patterning and packaging techniques required for white LED production for general lighting purposes. | |||||

Objective | The lecture aims to give a broad overview on the physics and technology of semiconductor devices with special emphasis on energy-efficient applications in general lighting. It is addressed to students familiar with the fundamentals of solid state physics. | |||||

Lecture notes | Comprehensive lecture notes will be provided | |||||

402-0577-00L | Quantum Systems for Information Technology | W | 8 credits | 2V + 2U | A. Wallraff | |

Abstract | Introduction to experimental quantum information processing (QIP). Quantum bits. Coherent Control. Quantum Measurement. Decoherence. Microscopic and macroscopic quantum systems. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in molecules and solids. Ions and neutral atoms in electromagnetic traps. Charges and spins in quantum dots. Charges and flux quanta in superconducting circuits. Novel hybrid systems. | |||||

Objective | In recent years the realm of quantum mechanics has entered the domain of information technology. Enormous progress in the physical sciences and in engineering and technology has allowed us to envisage building novel types of information processors based on the concepts of quantum physics. In these processors information is stored in the quantum state of physical systems forming quantum bits (qubits). The interaction between qubits is controlled and the resulting states are read out on the level of single quanta in order to process information. Realizing such challenging tasks may allow constructing an information processor much more powerful than a classical computer. The aim of this class is to give a thorough introduction to physical implementations pursued in current research for realizing quantum information processors. The field of quantum information science is one of the fastest growing and most active domains of research in modern physics. | |||||

Content | A syllabus will be provided on the class web server at the beginning of the term (see section 'Besonderes'/'Notice'). | |||||

Lecture notes | Electronically available lecture notes will be published on the class web server (see section 'Besonderes'/'Notice'). | |||||

Literature | Quantum computation and quantum information / Michael A. Nielsen & Isaac L. Chuang. Reprinted. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press ; 2001.. 676 p. : ill.. [004153791]. Additional literature and reading material will be provided on the class web server (see section 'Besonderes'/'Notice'). | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | The class will be taught in English language. Basic knowledge of quantum mechanics is required, prior knowledge in atomic physics, quantum electronics, and solid state physics is advantageous. More information on this class can be found on the web site: http://www.qudev.ethz.ch | |||||

402-0770-00L | Physics with Muons: From Atomic to Solid State Physics | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | E. Morenzoni | |

Abstract | Introduction and overview of muon science. Particularly, the use of polarized muons as microscopic magnetic probes in condensed matter physics will be presented (Muon spin rotation and relaxation techniques, muSR). Examples of recent research results in magnetism, superconductivity, semiconductors, thin film and heterostructures. | |||||

Objective | Basic understanding of the use of muons as microscopic magnetic micro probes of matter. Theory and examples of muon spin precession and relaxation (muSR) in various materials. Selected examples in magnetism, superconductivity, semiconductor physics and investigations of heterostructures. Determination of fundamental constants and atomic spectroscopy with muons. The lecture is a useful introduction for people interested in a Bachelor/Master thesis in muSR research at the Paul Scherrer Institute. | |||||

Content | Introduction: Muon characteristics. Generation of muon beams Particle physics aspects: Muon decay, measurement of the muon magnetic anomaly Hyperfine interaction, muonium spectroscopy Fundamentals of muon spin rotation/relaxation and resonance. Static and dynamic spin relaxation. Applications in magnetism: local magnetic fields, phase transitions, spin-glass dynamics. Applications in superconductivity: determination of magnetic penetration depths and coherence length, phase diagram of HTc superconductors, dynamics of the vortex state Hydrogen states in semiconductors Thin film and surface studies with low energy muons. | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes in English are distributed at the beginning. see also http://www.psi.ch/lmu/lectures | |||||

Literature | http://www.psi.ch/lmu/EducationLecturesEN/Literature.pdf | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Lecture can also be given in English. | |||||

402-0564-00L | Solid State OpticsDoes not take place this semester. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | L. Degiorgi | |

Abstract | The interaction of light with the condensed matter is the basic idea and principal foundation of several experimental spectroscopic methods. This lecture is devoted to the presentation of those experimental methods and techniques, which allow the study of the electrodynamic response of solids. I will also discuss recent experimental results on materials of high interest in the on-going solid-state physics research, like strongly correlated systems and superconductors. | |||||

Objective | The lecture will give a basic introduction to optical spectroscopic methods in solid state physics. | |||||

Content | Chapter 1 Maxwell equations and interaction of light with the medium Chapter 2 Experimental methods: a survey Chapter 3 Kramers-Kronig relations; optical functions Chapter 4 Drude-Lorentz phenomenological method Chapter 5 Electronic interband transitions and band structure effects Chapter 6 Selected examples: strongly correlated systems and superconductors | |||||

Lecture notes | manuscript (in english) is provided. | |||||

Literature | F. Wooten, in Optical Properties of Solids, (Academic Press, New York, 1972) and M. Dressel and G. Gruener, in Electrodynamics of Solids, (Cambridge University Press, 2002). | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Exercises will be proposed every week for one hour. There will be also the possibility to prepare a short presentations based on recent scientific literature (more at the beginning of the lecture). | |||||

Selection: Quantum Electronics | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

402-0577-00L | Quantum Systems for Information Technology | W | 8 credits | 2V + 2U | A. Wallraff | |

Abstract | Introduction to experimental quantum information processing (QIP). Quantum bits. Coherent Control. Quantum Measurement. Decoherence. Microscopic and macroscopic quantum systems. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in molecules and solids. Ions and neutral atoms in electromagnetic traps. Charges and spins in quantum dots. Charges and flux quanta in superconducting circuits. Novel hybrid systems. | |||||

Objective | In recent years the realm of quantum mechanics has entered the domain of information technology. Enormous progress in the physical sciences and in engineering and technology has allowed us to envisage building novel types of information processors based on the concepts of quantum physics. In these processors information is stored in the quantum state of physical systems forming quantum bits (qubits). The interaction between qubits is controlled and the resulting states are read out on the level of single quanta in order to process information. Realizing such challenging tasks may allow constructing an information processor much more powerful than a classical computer. The aim of this class is to give a thorough introduction to physical implementations pursued in current research for realizing quantum information processors. The field of quantum information science is one of the fastest growing and most active domains of research in modern physics. | |||||

Content | A syllabus will be provided on the class web server at the beginning of the term (see section 'Besonderes'/'Notice'). | |||||

Lecture notes | Electronically available lecture notes will be published on the class web server (see section 'Besonderes'/'Notice'). | |||||

Literature | Quantum computation and quantum information / Michael A. Nielsen & Isaac L. Chuang. Reprinted. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press ; 2001.. 676 p. : ill.. [004153791]. Additional literature and reading material will be provided on the class web server (see section 'Besonderes'/'Notice'). | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | The class will be taught in English language. Basic knowledge of quantum mechanics is required, prior knowledge in atomic physics, quantum electronics, and solid state physics is advantageous. More information on this class can be found on the web site: http://www.qudev.ethz.ch | |||||

402-0444-00L | Advanced Quantum OpticsDoes not take place this semester. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Imamoglu | |

Abstract | This course builds up on the material covered in the Quantum Optics course. The emphasis will be on quantum optics in condensed-matter systems. | |||||

Objective | The course aims to provide the knowledge necessary for pursuing advanced research in the field of Quantum Optics in condensed matter systems. Fundamental concepts and techniques of Quantum Optics will be linked to experimental research in systems such as quantum dots, exciton-polaritons, quantum Hall fluids and graphene-like materials. | |||||

Content | Description of open quantum systems using master equation and quantum trajectories. Decoherence and quantum measurements. Dicke superradiance. Dissipative phase transitions. Spin photonics. Signatures of electron-phonon and electron-electron interactions in optical response. | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes will be provided | |||||

Literature | C. Cohen-Tannoudji et al., Atom-Photon-Interactions (recommended) Y. Yamamoto and A. Imamoglu, Mesoscopic Quantum Optics (recommended) A collection of review articles (will be pointed out during the lecture) | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Masters level quantum optics knowledge |

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