Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2016
|Earth Sciences Master|
Courses can be chosen from the complete offerings of the ETH Zurich and University of Zurich (according to prior agreement with the MSc Committee).
|» Choice of courses from the complete offerings of the Department of Earth Sciences|
|» Choice out of the complete offerings of the Engineering Geology Modules|
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|» Choice out of the complete offerings of the Geophysics Modules|
|» Choice out of the complete offerings of the Mineralogy & Geochemistry Modules|
|102-0448-00L||Groundwater II||W||6 credits||4G||M. Willmann|
|Abstract||The course is based on the course 'Groundwater I' and is a prerequisite for further applications of groundwater flow and contaminant transport models.|
|Objective||The course should enable students to understand and apply methods and tools for groundwater flow and transport modelling.|
the student should be able to
a) formulate practical flow and contaminant transport problems.
b) solve steady-state and transient flow and transport problems in 2 and 3 spatial dimensions using numerical codes based on the finite difference method and the finite element methods.
c) solve simple inverse flow problems for parameter estimation given measurements.
d) assess simple multiphase flow problems.
e) assess spatial variability of parameters and use of stochastic techniques in this task.
f) solve simple flow problems affected by fluid density.
g) assess simple coupled reactive transport problems.
|Content||Introduction and basic flow and contaminant transport equation.|
Numerical solution of the 3D flow equation using the finite difference method.
Numerical solution to the flow equation using the finite element equation
Numerical solution to the transport equation using the finite difference method.
Numerical solution to the transport equation using the method of characteristics and the random walk method.
Numerical solution to the transport equation: Case studies.
Two-phase flow and Unsaturated flow problems.
Modelling of flow problems affected by fluid density.
Spatial variability of parameters and its geostatistical representation.
Geostatistics and stochastic modelling.
Reactive transport modelling.
|Literature||- J. Bear, Hydraulics of Groundwater, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1979|
- P.A. Domenico, F.W. Schwartz, Physical and Chemical Hydrogeology, J. Wilson & Sons, New York, 1990
- Chiang und Kinzelbach, 3-D Groundwater Modeling with PMWIN. Springer, 2001.
- G. de Marsily, Quantitative Hydrogeology, Academic Press, 1986
- W. Kinzelbach und R. Rausch: Grundwassermodellierung, Eine Einführung mit Uebungen Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, 1995, ISBN 3-443-01032-6
- F. Stauffer: Strömungsprozesse im Grundwasser, Konzepte und Modelle vdf, 1998, ISBN 3-7281-2641-1
|Prerequisites / Notice||The exercises of the course are organized as a computer lab (one lesson per week). The computer lab will provide hands-on experience with groundwater modelling.|
|651-2600-01L||Geography of Switzerland (University of Zurich)|
No enrolment to this course at ETH Zurich. Book the corresponding module directly at UZH.
UZH Module Code: GEO126
Mind the enrolment deadlines at UZH:
|W||3 credits||2V||University lecturers|
|Abstract||Introduction to the geography of Switzerland from a social and political scientific perspective.|
|Objective||- Sie verstehen die sozialen, politischen und kulturellen Eigenheiten|
der Schweiz in ihrer räumlichen Ausprägung.
- Sie haben einen Einblick in die räumliche Dynamik der Schweiz in Bezug auf Urbanisierung, Mobilität, Migration und kennen die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen einer planvollen Steuerung.
|Content||Aus dem Inhalt:|
* Stadt-Land-Gegensatz, Urbanisierung
* Kulturelle Spannungsfelder: Sprache, Konfession usw.
* Regionale Disparitäten, Regionalismus
* Nationale Identität, Schweiz in Europa
* Föderalismus und Direktdemokratie
* Mobilität und Migration
* Segregation und Selbstselektion
* Räumliche Entwicklung und Planung
|Literature||Odermatt, André und Wachter, Daniel (2004): Schweiz – eine moderne Geographie. 3. Auflage. NZZ-Verlag, Zürich. Fr. 52.-|
|651-4040-00L||Alpine Field Course |
Only for Earth Sciences MSc.
Number of participants limited to 25.
|W||4 credits||4P||E. Reusser, P. Brack, P. Ulmer|
|Abstract||Extended field excursion (duration 7 days) adressing different topics dependent on the localities visited (varies from year to year).|
|Objective||Understanding the tectonics and the geological history of the Alps.|
|Content||2013: Cross-section through the Alps from the Bernese Oberland to Torino, via Lötschberg, Zermatt, Val d'Aosta.|
|Lecture notes||No script.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||MSc students only. Strenuous walks.|
|651-4096-02L||Inverse Theory for Geophysics II: Applications|
Prerequisites: The successful completion of 651-4096-00L Inverse Theory for Geophysics I: Basics is mandatory.
|W||3 credits||2G||H. Maurer, C. Böhm, A. Fichtner, E. Manukyan|
|Abstract||This course offers the possibility to practice geophysical inversion techniques. For that purpose, small projects from various application areas will be presented, and the students will have the opportunity to analyze synthetic or observed data with commercial software, or they can establish their own algorithms using Matlab template scripts.|
|Objective||After this course the students should be prepared to analyze (geo)physical data. This includes experimental design considerations, choice of appropriate inversion tools, inclusion of a priori constraints, handling of data errors and quantitative estimation of the inversion results.|
|Content||- Earthquake location|
- Geoelectrical tomography
- Experimental design
- Adjoint methods
- Seismic full waveform inversions
|Lecture notes||Presentation slides and some background material will be provided.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||This course is offered as a half-semester course during the second part of the semester|
|651-4219-00L||The Mineralogy of Steelmaking|
Does not take place this semester.
|Abstract||Iron is utilised by mankind since thousands of years and the present day world wide production of about 1.5 billon tons of steel makes the latter to one of the most important and irreplaceable industrial products. This course will communicate the relevant solid-liquid-vapor reactions along the production route of an integrated steel plant as an example for applied mineralogy.|
|Objective||This course will put emphasis on applied mineralogy and show how concepts, familiar to Earth scientists, are being applied to industrial processes.|
|Content||The course will cover the following topics:|
- Pre-blast furnace processing of ores, coals and additives
- Melting and reduction in the blast furnace
- The "Basic Oxygen Furnace": de-carburisation, and the conversion from "hot metal" towards steel
- Secondary steelmaking: de-oxidation and non-metallic inclusions
- By-products: Chemistry, properties and applications of blast furnace and secondary steelmaking slags
- Chemistry and properties of refractory materials
- The role of silicate liquids during casting steel
|Prerequisites / Notice||4 day block-course with lectures between 10-12h and 13-15h, with a total of 16 hours.|
|651-5202-00L||Analytical Solutions for Deformation Structures|
Does not take place this semester.
|Abstract||The course consists of theoretical lectures (1/3) and practical exercises (2/3). In the lectures the concepts of continuum mechanics, dimensional analysis and analytical solutions for the equations of continuum mechanics will be discussed and explained. Both deformations of solids and fluids will be discussed.|
|Objective||The main aim is that the participants learn how to derive and apply analytical solutions of continuum mechanics to quantify deformation processes which generated geological structures such as faults, fractures, nappes, shear zones, boudins or folds. |
Another aim is that the participants learn the application of dimensional analysis to analytical solutions in order to reduce the number of model parameters and to make the solutions generally valid.
|Content||Friction at the base of thrust sheets (the overthrust paradox and application to Glarus thrust).|
Solutions for elastic deformations using Airy stress function
- 2D stress field in an elastic thrust block. Application to listric faults.
- 2D stress field in an elastic plate with spherical hole. Application to fracture propagation.
Solutions for viscous deformations
- 1D velocity profile across ductile shear zones with temperature dependent viscosity. Application to fold nappes.
- Nonlinear solution for viscous necking. Application to pinch-and-swell and slab detachment.
- Nonlinear solution for high amplitude folding. Application to strain and competence contrast estimation from fold shapes.
|Prerequisites / Notice||Basic knowledge of tectonics and structural geology and basic experience with MATLAB is advantageous.|
Exercises will be mainly done with computers using the software MATLAB and Maple but some exercises are done using pencil and paper.
|651-5104-00L||Deep Electromagnetic Studies of the Earth|
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematical Methods (651-4130-00L) required.
|W||3 credits||2G||A. Kuvshinov, A. Grayver|
|Abstract||The course will guide students in learning about deep electromagnetic (EM) studies of the Earth. These studies focus on analysis and interpretation of long-period time-varying EM field observed at Earth's surface, at sea bottom and at satellite altitudes with ultimate goal to recover electrical conductivity distributions in Earth's interior.|
|Objective||Governing equations for these studies are Maxwell's equations and special attention in this course will be paid to the solution of Maxwell's equations in Earth's models with one-dimensional (1-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) conductivity distributions. In addition the basics of inverse problem solutions - as applied to deep EM studies - will be discussed.|
|Content||Introduction to deep electromagnetic (EM) studies of Earth (governing equations, conductivity models under consideration, summary of the main EM sounding methods, etc.); basics of magnetotelluric (MT) and geomagnetic deep sounding (GDS) methods; solution of Maxwell's equations in fundamental (layered) Earth's models in Cartesian and spherical geometries; solution of Maxwell's equations - based on integral equation approach - in Earth's models with 3-D conductivity distribution (theory and efficient numerical implementation); solution of EM inverse problems (inverse problem formulation, regularization of the inverse solution, discussion on optimization methods and adjoint approach); basics of data processing; examples of application (use of MT to detect geothermal reservoirs; use of GDS to constrain mantle conductivity; 3-D EM modellings to predict space weather hazards, etc.)|
|651-1617-00L||Geophysical Fluid Dynamics and Numerical Modelling Seminar||Z Dr||0 credits||1S||P. Tackley, T. Gerya, D. A. May|
|651-4044-01L||Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Lab Practical |
Limited number of participants 10
Prerequisites: Excursions "Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Field Course" (651-4044-02L). The attendance of "Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry" (651-4044-00L) or "Organic Geochemistry and the Global Carbon Cycle" (651-4004-00L) is recommended but not mandatory.
|W||2 credits||2P||T. I. Eglinton, C. Vasconcelos|
1. Analysis of organic molecules in extracts from soils of different ages in glacial flood fields, in altitudinal gradients and from different bedrocks, and from sediments and living biofilms in high altitude aquatic ecosystems, mineral springs and ice.
2. Analysis of matrix components of the ecosystems: dissolved compounds, minerals, clays, trace components etc.
|Objective||The laboratory module supplements the field trip section. 10 places are reserved for students who also signed up for the field course (651-4044-02L) |
1. Preparing field work based on research hypotheses.
2. Designing field sampling strategies, proper sampling collection and preservation.
3. Documenting environmental conditions and observations at the sampling sites.
4. Extracting organic molecules from environmental samples with different matrixes.
5. Working under clean conditions and handling samples without contaminating them.
|Content||This Lab Practical, together with the corresponding Field Trips form part of a continuing "Course Research" unit.|
During the field section in the Eastern Alps, we will visit a number of sites that offer
- different bedrocks (dolomite, gneiss, shale, serpentinite, radiolarite, mine tailings) and will study the organics in the soils that formed on them.
- aquatic ecosystems (lakes, rivers, springs) at high altitudes. Organics from pioneering colonizer organisms in lakes formed during the recent retreat of glaciers.
- sediments recently deposited in lakes and flood planes as well as shales that date back to the mesozoic.
The Lab Practical follows immediately after the field work.
|Lecture notes||Procedures for sampling, extraction and analyses will be designed on a special preparation day during the field trips.|
|Literature||Field guides and details about the course logistics will become available to enrolled students on OLAT via Details under https://www.olat.uzh.ch/olat/url/RepositoryEntry/14374567936?guest=true&lang=en|
Instructions will be sent in the course of the spring semester to participants who are enrolled for this practical.
|Prerequisites / Notice||The laboratory module (651-4044-01L) takes place from September 5 to September 9. It supplements the "Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Field Course" (651-4044-02L). Samples collected in the field will be analyzed in the labs of the Biogeosciences and Geomicrobiology Groups immediately after the field trips. Students who sign up for both, the field and the lab component, are given priority. There are 10 places available in the lab. The lab section requires participation on the field trips. It is possible, however, to participate in the field section only.|
One of the lecture courses "651-4004-00L Organic Geochemistry and the Global Carbon Cycle" or "651-4044-00L Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry, under https://www.olat.uzh.ch/olat/url/RepositoryEntry/14217969664?guest=true&lang=en" (both offered during the spring semester) is a mandatory prerequisite for the lab section of the combined Field-Lab Course. They are not mandatory, but recommended for optimally profiting of the contents of the field section.
|651-4068-00L||Engineering Geology Seminar||W||2 credits||2S||S. Löw, M. Perras|
|Abstract||The seminar includes external and internal lectures on ongoing research topics and the presentation and defence of own MSc thesis research results. In addition students have the opportunity to make new contacts with researchers and practitioners, and get an understanding of the international engineering geology community.|
|Objective||The students get an insight into selected research & development topics in engineering geology, hydrogeology and geothermics. The students present and discuss their MSc thesis research results topic with a larger scientific audience.|
|Content||This seminar includes internal and guest lectures related to engineering geology and hydrogeology research topics and presentations of the MSc thesis project results. Students have to attend 8 guest lectures in total during semester 2 and/or 4 and present and defend their own research results in semester 4. They keep a record of the attended guest lectures (using a prepared confirmation sheet).|
|Lecture notes||The course offers guidelines how to orally present scientific results.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||Completed and accepted research plan. Significant results of own MSc thesis work.|
|651-1615-00L||Colloqium Geophysics||W||1 credit||1K||N. Houlié|
|Abstract||This colloquium comprises geophysical research presentations by invited leading scientists from Europe and overseas, advanced ETH Ph.D. students, new and established ETH scientists with specific new work to be shared with the institute. Topics cover the field of geophysics and related disciplines, to be delivered at the level of a well-informed M.Sc. graduate/early Ph.D. student.|
|Objective||Attendants of this colloquium obtain a broad overview over active and frontier research areas in geophysics as well as opened questions. Invited speakers typically present recent work: Attendants following this colloquium for multiple terms will thus be able to trace new research directions, trends, potentially diminishing research areas, controversies and resolutions thereof, and thus build a solid overview of state and direction of geophysical research. Moreover, the diverse content and delivery style shall help attendants in gaining experience in how to successfully present research results.|
|651-4088-02L||Physical Geography II (University of Zürich)|
No enrolment to this course at ETH Zurich. Book the corresponding module directly at UZH.
UZH Module Code: GEO121
Mind the enrolment deadlines at UZH:
|W||5 credits||2V + 4U + 2P||University lecturers|
|Objective||Solide Grundkenntnisse in den Bereichen Atmosphäre und Klima sowie|
|651-1180-00L||Research Seminar Structural Geology and Tectonics||Z||0 credits||1S||M. Frehner, N. Mancktelow|
|Abstract||A seminar series with both invited speakers from both inside and outside the ETH.|
|Objective||The seminar series provides an opportunity to convey the latest research results to students and staff.|
|Content||Informal seminars with both internal and external speakers on current topics in Structural Geology, Tectonics and Rock Physics. The current program is available at: http://www.geology.ethz.ch/sgt/seminar/sgt_seminar.htm|
|651-4082-00L||Fluids and Mineral Deposits||W||2 credits||1S||C. A. Heinrich, T. Driesner, A. Quadt Wykradt-Hüchtenbruck, J. P. Weis|
|Abstract||Presentations and literature discussions on current reserch topics in fluid processes and mineral deposit research.|
|Objective||Provide a deeper understanding in the selected research fields on hydrothermal processes and ore deposit formation. This is achieved by literature work as well as discussions of current BSc, MSc and PhD projects, including the MSc Thesis Defense|
|Content||Topics of hydrothermal geochemistry, fluid flow and ore formation|
|651-4144-00L||Introduction to Finite Element Modelling in Geosciences||W||2 credits||3G||M. Frehner, D. A. May|
|Abstract||Introduction to programming the finite element method in 1D and 2D.|
|Objective||Topics covered include thermal diffusion, elasticity, stokes flow, and isoparametric elements. The focus is on hands-on-programming, and you will learn how to write FEM codes starting with an empty MATLAB script. |
Prerequisite: good knowledge of MATLAB, linear algebra, and knowledge of programming the finite difference method.
|Content||Topics covered include thermal diffusion, elasticity, stokes flow, and isoparametric elements. The focus is on hands-on-programming, and you will learn how to write FEM codes starting with an empty MATLAB script.|
|Lecture notes||The script will be handed out to the students and made available online.|
|Literature||There is no mandatory literature. Some recommended literature will be discussed and made available during the course.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||Good knowledge of MATLAB, linear algebra, and knowledge of programming the finite difference method.|
The following courses are strongly recommended before attending this course:
651-4241-00L Numerical Modelling I and II: Theory and Applications
651-4007-00L Continuum Mechanics
651-4003-00L Numerical Modelling of Rock Deformation
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