Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Frühjahrssemester 2018

Physik Master Information
Wahlfächer
Physikalische und mathematische Wahlfächer
Auswahl: Teilchen- und Astrophysik
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
402-0726-12LPhysics of Exotic AtomsW6 KP2V + 1UP. Crivelli
KurzbeschreibungIn this course, we will review the status of physics with exotic atoms including the new exciting advances such as anti-hydrogen 1S-2S spectroscopy and measurements of the hyperfine splitting and the puzzling results of the muonic-hydrogen experiment for the determination of the proton charge radius.
LernzielThe course will give an introduction on the physics of exotic atoms covering both theoretical and experimental aspects. The focus will be set on the systems which are currently a subject of research in Switzerland: positronium at ETHZ, anti-hydrogen at CERN and muonium, muonic-H and muonic-He at PSI. The course will enable the students to follow recent publications in this field.
InhaltReview of the theory of hydrogen and hydrogen-like atoms
Interaction of atoms with radiation
Hyperfine splitting theory and experiments: Positronium (Ps),
Muonium (Mu) and anti-hydrogen (Hbar)
High precision spectroscopy: Ps, Mu and Hbar
Lamb shift in muonic-H and muonic-He- the proton radius puzzle
Weak and strong interaction tests with exotic atoms
Anti-matter and gravitation
Applications of antimatter
Skriptscript
LiteraturPrecision physics of simple atoms and molecules, Savely G. Karshenboim, Springer 2008

Proceedings of the International Conference on Exotic Atoms (EXA 2008) and the 9th International Conference on Low Energy Antiproton Physics (LEAP 2008) held in Vienna, Austria, 15-19 September 2008 (PART I/II), Hyperfine Interactions, Volume 193, Numbers 1-3 / September 2009

Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. 1 Basic Principles Vol. 2 Experimental Techniques von Wolfgang Demtröder von Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2008
402-0714-00LAstro-Particle Physics II Information W6 KP2V + 1UA. Biland
KurzbeschreibungThis lecture focuses on the neutral components of the cosmic rays as well as on several aspects of Dark Matter. Main topics will be very-high energy astronomy and neutrino astronomy.
LernzielStudents know experimental methods to measure neutrinos as well as high energy and very high energy photons from extraterrestrial sources. They are aware of the historical development and the current state of the field, including major theories. Additionally, they understand experimental evidences about the existence of Dark Matter and selected Dark Matter theories.
Inhalta) short repetition about 'charged cosmic rays' (1st semester)
b) High Energy (HE) and Very-High Energy (VHE) Astronomy:
- ongoing and near-future detectors for (V)HE gamma-rays
- possible production mechanisms for (V)HE gamma-rays
- galactic sources: supernova remnants, pulsar-wind nebulae, micro-quasars, etc.
- extragalactic sources: active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray bursts, galaxy clusters, etc.
- the gamma-ray horizon and it's cosmological relevance
c) Neutrino Astronomy:
- atmospheric, solar, extrasolar and cosmological neutrinos
- actual results and near-future experiments
d) Dark Matter:
- evidence for existence of non-barionic matter
- Dark Matter models (mainly Supersymmetry)
- actual and near-future experiments for direct and indirect Dark Matter searches
SkriptSee: http://ihp-lx2.ethz.ch/AstroTeilchen/
LiteraturSee: http://ihp-lx2.ethz.ch/AstroTeilchen/
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course can be attended independent of Astro-Particle Physics I.
402-0738-00LStatistical Methods and Analysis Techniques in Experimental PhysicsW10 KP5GM. Donegà, C. Grab
KurzbeschreibungThis lecture gives an introduction to the statistical methods and the various analysis techniques applied in experimental particle physics. The exercises treat problems of general statistical topics; they also include hands-on analysis projects, where students perform independent analyses on their computer, based on real data from actual particle physics experiments.
LernzielStudents will learn the most important statistical methods used in experimental particle physics. They will acquire the necessary skills to analyse large data records in a statistically correct manner. Learning how to present scientific results in a professional manner and how to discuss them.
InhaltTopics include:
- modern methods of statistical data analysis
- probability distributions, error analysis, simulation methos, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, setting limits and introduction to multivariate methods.
- most examples are taken from particle physics.

Methodology:
- lectures about the statistical topics;
- common discussions of examples;
- exercises: specific exercises to practise the topics of the lectures;
- all students perform statistical calculations on (their) computers;
- students complete a full data analysis in teams (of two) over the second half of the course, using real data taken from particle physics experiments;
- at the end of the course, the students present their analysis results in a scientific presentation;
- all students are directly tutored by assistants in the classroom.
Skript- Copies of all lectures are available on the web-site of the course.
- A scriptum of the lectures is also available to all students of the course.
Literatur1) Statistics: A guide to the use of statistical medhods in the Physical Sciences, R.J.Barlow; Wiley Verlag .
2) J Statistical data analysis, G. Cowan, Oxford University Press; ISBN: 0198501552.
3) Statistische und numerische Methoden der Datenanalyse, V.Blobel und E.Lohrmann, Teubner Studienbuecher Verlag.
4) Data Analysis, a Bayesian Tutorial, D.S.Sivia with J.Skilling,
Oxford Science Publications.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesBasic knowlege of nuclear and particle physics are prerequisites.
402-0703-00LPhenomenology of Physics Beyond the Standard Model Information W6 KP2V + 1UM. Spira, L. Shchutska
KurzbeschreibungAfter a short introduction to the theoretical foundations and experimental tests of the standard model, supersymmetry, leptoquarks, and extra dimensions will be treated among other topics. Thereby the phenomenological aspect, i. e., the search for new particles and interactions at existing and future particle accelerators will play a significant role.
LernzielThe goal of the lecture is the introduction into several theoretical concepts that provide solutions for the open questions of the Standard Model of particle physics and thus lead to physics beyond the Standard Model.

Besides the theoretical concepts the phenomenological aspect plays a role, i.e. the search for new particles and interactions at the existing and future particle accelerators plays a crucial role.
Inhaltsee home page: http://ihp-lx2.ethz.ch/JenseitsSM/
Skriptsee home page: http://ihp-lx2.ethz.ch/JenseitsSM/
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesWill be taught in German only if all students understand German.
402-0778-00LParticle Accelerator Physics and Modeling IIW6 KP2V + 1UA. Adelmann
KurzbeschreibungThe effect of nonlinearities on the beam dynamics of charged particles will be discussed. For the nonlinear beam transport, Lie-Methods in combination with differential algebra (DA) and truncated power series (TPS) will be introduced. In the second part we will discuss advanced concepts such as laser plasma wakefield acceleration.
LernzielModel for nonlinear beam dynamics can be applied to new or existing particle accelerators. Some of the most important papers in the field are discussed (as part of the exercises).

Advanced accelerator concepts are analysed and a toy model of a
laser plasma wakefield accelerator is developed.
Inhalt- Symplectic Maps and Higher Order Beam Dynamics
- Taylor Modells and Differential Algebra
- Lie Methods
- Normal Forms
- Coulomb Repulsion (Space Charge) as N-Body Problem
- Coherent Synchrotron Radiation
- Particle Collisions
- Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration
SkriptLecture notes
Literatur* Beam Dynamics - A New Attitude and Framework
E. Forest

* Modern Map Methods in Particle Beam Physics
M. Berz (http://bt.pa.msu.edu/pub/papers/AIEP108book/AIEP108book.pdf)
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesIdeally Particle Accelerator Physics and Modelling 1 (PAM-1), however at the beginning of the semester, a crash course is offered introducing the minimum level of particle accelerator modeling needed to follow. This lecture is also suited for PhD. Students.
402-0604-00LMaterials Analysis by Nuclear Techniques Information W6 KP2V + 1UM. Doebeli
KurzbeschreibungMaterials analysis by MeV ion beams. Nuclear techniques are presented which allow to quantitatively investigate the composition, structure and trace element content of solids.
LernzielStudents learn the basic concepts of ion beam analysis and its different analytical techniques. They understand how experimental data is taken and interpreted. They are able to chose the appropriate method of analysis to solve a given problem.
InhaltThe course treats applications of nuclear methods in other fields of research. Materials analysis by ion beam analysis is emphasized. Techniques are presented which allow the quantitative investigation of composition, structure, and trace element content of solids:
- elasic nuclear scattering (Rutherfor Backscattering, Recoil detection)
- nuclear (resonant) reaction analysis
- activation analysis
- ion beam channeling (investigation of crystal defects)
- neutron sources
- MeV ion microprobes, imaging surface analysis

The course is also suited for graduate students.
SkriptLecture notes will be distributed in pdf.
Literatur'Ion Beam Analysis: Fundamentals and Applications', M. Nastasi, J.W. Mayer, Y. Wang, CRC Press 2014, ISBN 9781439846384
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesIf possible, a practical lab demonstration is organized as part of lectures and exercises.

The course is also well suited for graduate students.
It can be held in German or English, depending on participants.
402-0368-13LExtrasolar PlanetsW6 KP2V + 1US. P. Quanz
KurzbeschreibungThe course introduces in detail the observational methods for the detection and characterization of extra-solar planetary systems and it
covers the physics of planets (in the solar system and in extra-solar systems) and gives a description of planet formation and evolution models.
LernzielThe course should provide useful basic knowledge for
first research projects in the field of extra-solar planetary systems and related topics.
InhaltContent of the lecture EXTRASOLAR PLANETS
1. Introduction: Planets in the astrophysical context
2. Planets in the solar systems
3. Detecting extra-solar planetary systems
4. Properties of planetary systems
5. Intrinsic properties of extra-solar planets
6. Planet formation
7. Search for bio-signatures
402-0364-17LCosmic Structure Formation and Radiation ProcessesW6 KP2V + 1US. Cantalupo
KurzbeschreibungIn this course, the students will investigate the properties and origin of the largest baryonic structures in the universe through the study of their radiation. We will span a large range in the universe’s history and radiation spectrum: from X-ray emitting ICM to Cosmic Web UV emission and absorption, to HI radio emission during Reionization. A strong focus will be also put on research practice.
LernzielContent goals/objectives include:

- The students will learn how to investigate and characterise the physical properties of the largest baryonic structures in the universe by studying in detail the mechanisms that produce and modify the electromagnetic radiation detectable with astronomical observing facilities.

- The students will learn that radiation processes are an active agent in shaping the formation and evolution of cosmic structures in the universe from the largest scales associated with intergalactic gas to galaxies.

Practice goals/objectives include:

- Through this course, the students will learn/consolidate the fundamental skills in research practice including: i) asking relevant questions, ii) making testable predictions, iii) reducing complex problems in smaller units, iv) finding relevant variables in physical problems, v) effectively sharing and communicating the results.

In order to achieve these goal, the course is designed through inquiry-based activities that will cover the following topics:

- Inferring the physical properties of the Intra Cluster Medium in Galaxy Clusters (X-ray, high-energy radiation processes)
- Detecting and studying Intergalactic gas in the Cosmic Web in absorption and emission (UV/optical absorption and emission of Hydrogen Ly-alpha radiation, Radiative Transfer)
- The physics of Radiative Cooling and how radiation processes shape cosmic structure formation.
- Cosmic Reionization and radio emission from neutral hydrogen in the early universe.
SkriptClass material will include: i) power point and black-board presentations, ii) material developed in the class during the activities by the students, iii) research papers and reviews, iv) extracts from books.

Some of the material will be available online but it is expected that a large fraction of the material/notes will be produced during the classroom activities. Class attendance and active participation are fundamental factors for both learning and assessment during this course and for the exam.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe course is geared towards Master and Ph.D students in astrophysics and the physical sciences with no particular prerequisites on previous classes or study background. The only prerequisites necessary for this class are: i) motivation, ii) curiosity, iii) willingness to actively participate.

This course is mostly based on the course 402-0364-17L Radiation Processes in Astrophysics that was taught in FS 2017. Therefore it is not possible to get credits for both courses.
402-0384-00LLife in the Universe
This course is aimed at physics and other science students who would like to understand the astrophysics background to the multi-disciplinary question of Life in the Universe.
W6 KP2V + 1SS. Lilly
KurzbeschreibungNature of Life and thermodynamics; the evolution of stars and the origin of the chemical elements; planet formation and interstellar chemistry; searches for extra-solar planets; impacts and mass extinctions on Earth; extra-terrestrial Life in the Solar System; searches for extraterrestrial Life and extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI); Cosmology and the conditions for Life; Anthropic Principles.
Lernziel
InhaltThis course is aimed at physics and other science students who would like to understand the astrophysics background to the multi-disciplinary question of Life in the Universe. Topics to be covered will include: the nature of Life and the thermodynamics of living systems and the general conditions for Life; the formation and evolution of stars and the origin of the chemical elements; planet formation and interstellar grain chemistry; extra-solar planets; Life on Earth and the role of catastrophic impacts; the possibility of extra-terrestrial Life in the Solar System; searches for extraterrestrial Life and extraterrestrial intelligence SETI; Cosmology and the conditions for Life in the Universe, Anthropic Principles. The course will be in English.
SkriptPresentation Powerpoint
402-0376-16LAdvanced Statistical Methods in Cosmology and Astrophysics
Findet dieses Semester nicht statt.
W6 KP2V + 1U
KurzbeschreibungStatistical methods are increasingly important in modern science. In this course we will build an understanding of statistical methods beyond Bayesian inference. These include information content of experiments through relative entropy and ABC methods for difficult problem when the likelihood cannot be calculated. We will also cover topics which are now commonly used in cosmology.
Lernziel
InhaltIn this course we will build an understanding of statistical methods beyond Bayesian inference. These include information content of experiments through relative entropy and ABC methods for difficult problem when the likelihood cannot be calculated. We will also cover topics, such as power spectrum estimation, which are now commonly used in cosmology.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesIn this course we will assume good knowledge of statistical inference, so it is recommended that students have taken 'Statistical Methods in Cosmology and Astrophysics' or equivalent.
402-0362-15LBlack Hole Astrophysics
Findet dieses Semester nicht statt.
W4 KP2VK. Schawinski
KurzbeschreibungThis course will cover topics in black hole astrophysics from galactic X-ray binaries, active galactic nuclei, quasars, and black hole seed formation, as well as galaxy-black hole co-evolution.
LernzielIn each class, students will present and discuss key science and review papers from the literature. Students will gain an overview of black hole astrophysics and practice their presentation and argumentation skills.
InhaltWe will discuss a range of classic papers and current work on various topics relating to astrophysical black holes.

Topics covered include:
* X-ray binaries and compact objects
* Active galactic nuclei
* AGN structure
* AGN evolution
* Host galaxies
* black hole seed formation
* scaling relations & feedback
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe course is geared towards advanced students (Master and Ph.D) in astrophysics and the physical sciences.
  •  Seite  1  von  1