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Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2018

MAS in Science, Technology and Policy Information
Kernfächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
860-0001-00LPublic Institutions and Policy-Making Processes Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 25.

Priority for Science, Technology, and Policy MSc and MAS students.
O3 KP3GT. Bernauer, S. Bechtold, F. Schimmelfennig
KurzbeschreibungStudents acquire the contextual knowledge for analyzing public policies. They learn why and how public policies and laws are developed, designed, and implemented at national and international levels, and what challenges arise in this regard.
LernzielPublic policies result from decision-making processes that take place within formal institutions of the state (parliament, government, public administration, courts). That is, policies are shaped by the characteristics of decision-making processes and the characteristics of public institutions and related actors (e.g. interest groups). In this course, students acquire the contextual knowledge for analyzing public policies. They learn why and how public policies and laws are developed, designed, and implemented at national and international levels, and what challenges arise in this regard. The course is organized in three modules. The first module (Stefan Bechtold) examines basic concepts and the role of law, law-making, and law enforcement in modern societies. The second module (Thomas Bernauer) deals with the functioning of legislatures, governments, and interest groups. The third module (Frank Schimmelfennig) focuses on the European Union and international organisations.
InhaltPublic policies result from decision-making processes that take place within formal institutions of the state (parliament, government, public administration, courts). That is, policies are shaped by the characteristics of decision-making processes and the characteristics of public institutions and related actors (e.g. interest groups). In this course, students acquire the contextual knowledge for analyzing public policies. They learn why and how public policies and laws are developed, designed, and implemented at national and international levels, and what challenges arise in this regard. The course is organized in three modules. The first module (Stefan Bechtold) examines basic concepts and the role of law, law-making, and law enforcement in modern societies. The second module (Thomas Bernauer) deals with the functioning of legislatures, governments, and interest groups. The third module (Frank Schimmelfennig) focuses on the European Union and international organisations.
SkriptReading materials will be distributed electronically to the students when the semester starts.
LiteraturBaylis, John, Steve Smith, and Patricia Owens (2014): The Globalization of World Politics. An Introduction to International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Caramani, Daniele (ed.) (2014): Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gilardi, Fabrizio (2012): Transnational Diffusion: Norms, Ideas, and Policies, in Carlsnaes, Walter, Thomas Risse and Beth Simmons, Handbook of International Relations, 2nd Edition, London: Sage, pp. 453-477.

Hage, Jaap and Bram Akkermans (eds.) (2nd edition 2017): Introduction to Law, Heidelberg: Springer.

Jolls, Christine (2013): Product Warnings, Debiasing, and Free Speech: The Case of Tobacco Regulation, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 169: 53-78.

Lelieveldt, Herman and Sebastiaan Princen (2011): The Politics of European Union. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lessig, Lawrence (2006): Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, Version 2.0, New York: Basic Books. Available at http://codev2.cc/download+remix/Lessig-Codev2.pdf.

Schimmelfennig, Frank and Ulrich Sedelmeier (2004): Governance by Conditionality: EU Rule Transfer to the Candidate Countries of Central and Eastern Europe, in: Journal of European Public Policy 11(4): 669-687.

Shipan, Charles V. and Craig Volden (2012): Policy Diffusion: Seven Lessons for Scholars and Practitioners. Public Administration Review 72(6): 788-796.

Sunstein, Cass R. (2014): The Limits of Quantification, California Law Review 102: 1369-1422.

Thaler, Richard H. and Cass R. Sunstein (2003): Libertarian Paternalism. American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings 93: 175-179.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis is a Master level course. The course is capped at 25 students, with ISTP Master students having priority.
860-0001-01LPublic Institutions and Policy-Making Processes; Research Paper Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Only for Science, Technology, and Policy MSc and MAS.

Prerequisite: you have to be enrolled in 860-0001-00L during the same semester.
O3 KP3AT. Bernauer, S. Bechtold, F. Schimmelfennig
KurzbeschreibungThis is an add-on module to the course: 860-0001-00L. It focuses on students writing an essay on an issue covered by the main course 860-0001-00L.
LernzielStudents learn how to write an essay on a policy issue they select.
InhaltPublic policies result from decision-making processes that take place within formal institutions of the state (parliament, government, public administration, courts). That is, policies are shaped by the characteristics of decision-making processes and the characteristics of public institutions and related actors (e.g. interest groups). In this course, students acquire the contextual knowledge for analyzing public policies - hence this course is complementary to the ISTP course on concepts and methods of policy analysis. Students learn why and how public policies and laws are developed, designed, and implemented at national and international levels. The course is organized in three modules. The first module (taught by Stefan Bechtold) examines basic concepts and the role of law, law-making, and law enforcement in modern societies. The second module (taught by Thomas Bernauer) deals with the functioning of legislatures, governments, and interest groups. The third module (taught by Frank Schimmelfennig) focuses on the European Union and international organizations.
SkriptSee 860-0001-00L
LiteraturBaylis, John, Steve Smith, and Patricia Owens (2014): The Globalization of World Politics. An Introduction to International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bernauer, T., Jahn, D., Kuhn, P., Walter, S. (2009, 2012): Einführung in die Politikwissenschaft (Introduction to Political Science). Baden-Baden: Nomos / UTB.

Caramani, Daniele (ed.) (2014): Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gilardi, Fabrizio (2012): Transnational Diffusion: Norms, Ideas, and Policies, in Carlsnaes, Walter, Thomas Risse and Beth Simmons, Handbook of International Relations, 2nd Edition, London: Sage, pp. 453-477.

Hage, Jaap and Bram Akkermans (eds.) (2nd edition 2017): Introduction to Law, Heidelberg: Springer, available as an ebook at ETH library.

Jolls, Christine (2013): Product Warnings, Debiasing, and Free Speech: The Case of Tobacco Regulation, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 169: 53-78.

Lelieveldt, Herman and Sebastiaan Princen (2011): The Politics of European Union. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lessig, Lawrence (2006): Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, Version 2.0, New York: Basic Books. Available at http://codev2.cc/download+remix/Lessig-Codev2.pdf.

Schimmelfennig, Frank and Ulrich Sedelmeier (2004): Governance by Conditionality: EU Rule Transfer to the Candidate Countries of Central and Eastern Europe, in: Journal of European Public Policy 11(4): 669-687.

Shipan, Charles V. and Craig Volden (2012): Policy Diffusion: Seven Lessons for Scholars and Practitioners. Public Administration Review 72(6): 788-796.

Sunstein, Cass R. (2014): The Limits of Quantification, California Law Review 102: 1369-1422.

Thaler, Richard H. and Cass R. Sunstein (2003): Libertarian Paternalism. American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings 93: 175-179.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesAccess only for ISTP MSc students also enrolled in 860-0001-00L
860-0002-00LQuantitative Policy Analysis and ModelingO6 KP4GA. Patt, S. Hanger-Kopp, S. Pfenninger, T. Schmidt
KurzbeschreibungThe lectures will introduce students to the principles of quantitative policy analysis, namely the methods to predict and evaluate the social, economic, and environmental effects of alternative strategies to achieve public objectives. A series of graded assignments will give students an opportunity for students to apply those methods to a set of case studies
LernzielThe objectives of this course are to develop the following key skills necessary for policy analysts:
- Identifying the critical quantitative factors that are of importance to policy makers in a range of decision-making situations.
- Developing conceptual models of the types of processes and relationships governing these quantitative factors, including stock-flow dynamics, feedback loops, optimization, sources and effects of uncertainty, and agent coordination problems.
- Develop and program numerical models to simulate the processes and relationships, in order to identify policy problems and the effects of policy interventions.
- Communicate the findings from these simulations and associated analysis in a manner that makes transparent their theoretical foundation, the level and sources of uncertainty, and ultimately their applicability to the policy problem.
The course will proceed through a series of policy analysis and modeling exercises, involving real-world or hypothetical problems. The specific examples around which work will be done will concern the environment, energy, health, and natural hazards management.
860-0003-00LCornerstone Science, Technology, and Policy Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Only for Science, Technology, and Policy MSc, MAS and PhD.
O2 KP2ST. Bernauer
KurzbeschreibungThis course introduces students to the MSc STP and MAS STP program in two ways. First, it provides a general introduction to the study of STP. Second, it exposes students to a variety of complex policy problems and ways and means of coming up with proposals for and assessments of policy options.
LernzielThis course introduces students to the MSc STP and MAS STP program in two ways. First, it provides a general introduction to the study of STP. Second, it exposes students to a variety of complex policy problems and ways and means of coming up with proposals for and assessments of policy options.
InhaltDay 1: Introduction to the study of Science, Technology and Policy / getting to know each other, social event
Day 2: Knowledge assessment in areas marked by controversy over scientific evidence
Day 3: Challenges of urban development / Energy transition and sustainable mobility
Day 4: Mitigating and adapting to climate change / Managing international water resources
Day 5: Implications of digital society / Policy planning exercise
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesReserved for the ISTP MSC and MAS students
860-0004-00LBridging Science, Technology, and Policy Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Only for Science, Technology, and Policy MSc, MAS and PhD.
O3 KP2ST. Bernauer
KurzbeschreibungThis course focuses on technological innovations from the beginning of humanity through the industrial revolution up until today. It provides students with a deeper understanding of the factors that drive technological innovations, and the roles government policies, society, science, and industry play in this regard.
LernzielThis course picks up on the ISTP Cornerstone Science, Technology and Policy course and goes into greater depth on issues covered in that course, as well as additional issues where science and technology are among the causes of societal challenges but can also help in finding solutions.
InhaltWeek 1: no class because of ISTP Cornerstone Science, Technology and Policy course
Week 2: technology & society in historical perspective - technological innovations up to the industrial revolution
Week 3: technology & society in historical perspective - technological innovations during the industrial revolution - engines & electricity
Week 4: technology & society in historical perspective - from the industrial revolution to modernity - mobility and transport (railroads, ships, cars, airplanes, space)
Week 5: food production: the green revolutions.
Week 6: microelectronics, computing & the internet
Week 7: life sciences: pharmaceuticals & diagnostic technology
Week 8: energy: primary fuels, renewables, networks
Week 9: automation: self-driving cars & trains, drones
Week 10: communication & Big Data: semiconductors and software
Week 11: military & security issues associated with technological innovation
Week 12: possible futures (1): nuclear fusion, geoengineering
Week 13: possible Future (2): information, communication, robotics, synthetic biology, nanotech, quantum computing
SkriptCourse materials will be given to the students prior to the start of each class
860-0005-00LColloquium Science, Technology, and Policy (HS) Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Only for Science, Technology, and Policy MSc and MAS.
O1 KP2KT. Bernauer
KurzbeschreibungPresentations by invited guest speakers from academia and practice/policy. Students are assigned to play a leading role in the discussion and write a report on the respective event.
LernzielPresentations by invited guest speakers from academia and practice/policy. Students are assigned to play a leading role in the discussion and write a report on the respective event.
InhaltSee program on the ISTP website: http://www.istp.ethz.ch/events/colloquium.html
Voraussetzungen / Besonderesopen to anyone from ETH
860-0007-00LPrinciples of Economics Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Only for Science, Technology, and Policy MSc and MAS.
O3 KP2VS. Sarferaz, J.‑P. Nicolai
KurzbeschreibungThis course is an introduction to the study of economics. Students will learn about the economic way of thinking, the functioning of a market economy, as well as the potentials and limitations of economic policies to govern the behavior of individuals and the economy. The course is divided into two parts, the first covering microeconomic analysis, and the second on macroeconomics.
LernzielThe first part of the course focuses on microeconomic analysis, including the behavior of individuals and firms, supply and demand analysis, and market failures. Students will also be introduced to the use of microeconomic thought to influence the behavior of individuals and firms and to address market failures.
The second part focuses on macroeconomic concepts, including national production, employment, inflation, and growth theories. Students will then learn about macroeconomic policies, such as monetary and fiscal policy, often used to stabilize short-run economic fluctuations.
SkriptLecture slides will be made available by email or via course website.
LiteraturMankiw, N. G. and Taylor, M. P. (2014), Economics, Cengage Learning, 3rd Edition.
869-0101-00LCommunicating with Stakeholders and Policy-Makers Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to10.

Only for MAS in Science, Technology and Policy and Science, Technology and Policy MSc.
O2 KP1GH. de Bruijn
Kurzbeschreibung
Lernziel
869-0102-00LDesign Thinking: A Human-Centered Approach to Problem-Solving Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to10.

Only for MAS in Science, Technology and Policy and Science, Technology and Policy MSc.
O1 KP1GS. Brusoni, A. Repetti
KurzbeschreibungThe purpose of this course is to equip the students with methods and tools to tackle a broad range of problems. Following a Design Thinking approach, the students will learn how to observe and interact with key stakeholders in order to develop an in-depth understanding of what is truly important and emotionally meaningful to the people at the center of a problem.
LernzielThe purpose of this course is to equip the students with methods and tools to tackle a broad range of problems. Following a Design Thinking approach, the students will learn how to observe and interact with key stakeholders in order to develop an in-depth understanding of what is truly important and emotionally meaningful to the people at the center of a problem. Based on these insights, the students will ideate on possible solutions and immediately validated them through quick iterations of prototyping and testing using different tools and materials. .
InhaltParticipants are expected to discover, explore and share valuable skills outside their expertise through agile and collaborative teamwork and hands-on exercises. During the entire process, they will be supported through team skill-building exercises, short theoretical presentations and experienced coaching.
869-0103-00LNegotiations Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to10.

Only for MAS in Science, Technology and Policy and Science, Technology and Policy MSc.
O2 KP1GC. Garcia
KurzbeschreibungFor two days, the participants will take on the role of CEOs of logging and mining companies operating in the Congo Basin, developing strategies and responding to global changes. They will shape the landscape, and reflect on the ecological, economic and social impacts of their decisions.
LernzielThe tropical forests stand at the cross-road. The combined and interacting effects of land-use change, resource extraction, defaunation and climate change are pushing these ecosystems towards critical points where transitions to altered states will happen. The future of these forests depends on our capacity to understand and anticipate these transitions.
In this module the participants will understand the drivers behind land use change in the tropics, and will explore some the pitfalls and opportunities new markets and policies can create for the local communities and the ecosystems of the region. They will negociate new pathways of collective action and learn to cope with uncertainty.
InhaltParticipants will use a game developped to explore the links between mining and logging in the Congo Basin. Each game will be followed up by a debriefing to analyse the outcomes of the strategies developped by the participants and invent possible new forms of collective action. We will link what happens in the game with highlitghts from the field. Finally, we will discuss on the use of boundary objects and particularly games to handle negociations in environmental contexts.
SkriptNone
LiteraturGeist HJ & Lambin EF (2002) Proximate Causes and Underlying Driving Forces of Tropical Deforestation. Bioscience 52(2):143-150.

Fernbach PM, Rogers T, Fox CR, & Sloman SA (2013) Political Extremism Is Supported by an Illusion of Understanding. Psychological Science 24(6):939-946.

Game ET, Meijaard E, Sheil D, & McDonald-Madden E (2014) Conservation in a Wicked Complex World; Challenges and Solutions. Conservation Letters 7(3):271-277.

Garcia C, Dray A, & Waeber P (2016) Learning Begins When the Game Is Over: Using Games to Embrace Complexity in Natural Resources Management. GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society 25(4):289-291.

Potapov, P., Hansen, M. C., Laestadius L., Turubanova S., Yaroshenko A., Thies C., Smith W., Zhuravleva I., Komarova A., Minnemeyer S., Esipova E. 2016. The last frontiers of wilderness: Tracking loss of intact forest landscapes from 2000 to 2013. Science Advances, 2017; 3:e1600821 http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/1/e1600821

Potapov P., Yaroshenko A., Turubanova S., Dubinin M., Laestadius L., Thies C., Aksenov D., Egorov A., Yesipova Y., Glushkov I., Karpachevskiy M., Kostikova A., Manisha A., Tsybikova E., Zhuravleva I. 2008. Mapping the World's Intact Forest Landscapes by Remote Sensing. Ecology and Society, 13 (2) https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art51/
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesNone
860-0006-00LEssential Tools and Statistics for Impact and Policy Evaluation Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 20.

Science, Technology, and Policy MSc and MAS students have priority.

This lecture had been offered until autumn semester 2017 with the title "Applied Statistics and Policy Evaluation". Students who has completed that lecture cannot take credit points for this lecture again.
O3 KP2GL. Beiser-McGrath
KurzbeschreibungThis course aims to equip students with the basic knowledge and skills to both understand and conduct the evaluation of policies. This will involve both learning about statistical models and their appropriateness for estimating causal effects, as well as developing skills using statistical software to implement these models.
LernzielStudents will:
- know strategies to test causal hypotheses using regression analysis and/or experimental methods
- be able to critically interpret results of applied statistics, in particular, regarding causal inference
- be able to critically read and assess published studies on policy evaluation
- learn to use the statistical software R
InhaltThis course aims to equip students with the basic knowledge and skills to both understand and conduct the evaluation of policies. The first part of the course offers a thorough treatment of the classical linear regression model, the workhorse model for quantitative data analysis, and the program R that will be used for statistical analysis. The second part of the course focuses on more advanced methods that aim to estimate causal effects from observational data.
Vertiefungsfächer
Werden nur in Frühjahrssemester angeboten.
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
860-0011-00LModeling and Simulating Social Systems in MATLAB (or Python) - With Coding Project Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Only for Science, Technology, and Policy MSc and MAS.
W6 KP2S + 2AN. Antulov-Fantulin, D. Helbing, L. Aguilar Melgar
KurzbeschreibungThis course introduces mathematical and computational models to study social systems and the process of scientific research.

Students develop a significant project, implementing a model and communicating their results through a seminar thesis and a short oral presentation.
LernzielThe students should learn how to use a high level programming environment (MATLAB or Python) as a tool to solve various scientific problems. The use of a high level programming environment makes it possible to quickly find numerical solutions to a wide range of scientific problems. Students will learnt to take advantage of a rich set of tools to present their results numerically and graphically.

After the students have learned the basic structure of the programming language, they should be able to implement social simulation models and document their skills through a seminar thesis and finally give a short oral presentation.
InhaltThis course introduces first the basic functionalities and features of the high level programming environments (MATLAB and Python), such as the simple operations with matrices and vectors, differential equations, statistical tools, the graphical representation of data in various forms, and video animations of spatio-temporal data. With this knowledge, students are expected to implement themselves models of various social processes and systems, including agent-based models, e.g. models of interactive decision making, group dynamics, human crowds, or game-theoretical models.

Part of this course will consist of supervised programming exercises. Credit points are finally earned for the implementation of a mathematical model from the sociological literature and the documentation in a seminar thesis.
SkriptThe lecture slides will be presented on the course web page after each lecture.
LiteraturLiterature, in particular regarding computer models in the social sciences, will be provided in the course.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe number of participants is limited to the size of the available computer teaching room. The source code related to the seminar thesis should be well enough documented for further use by others and must be handed over to the Chair of Computational Social Science (COSS) for further free and unrestricted use.
851-0739-00LFiscal Policy and InequalityW2 KP2VE. Ash
KurzbeschreibungThis course provides an introduction to the political economy of fiscal policy-making. We first analyze policy inputs, with a focus on how elections select and incentivize different types of policymakers. Second, we analyze major fiscal policy outputs: choices of taxes, public goods, tax evasion, and inequality. Methods are from economics and applied statistics.
LernzielGovernment policies on how to raise revenue and direct expenditures are critical for economic performance and for the fair distribution of income across society. Yet these policies must be designed and implemented by individuals whose interests may diverge from the people they represent. This course provides an introduction to the political and economic factors determining fiscal policies, and the resulting impacts on economic performance and income distribution.

We compare three systems for choosing policies: direct democracy (decision by voters), representative democracy (decision by politicians), and tenured bureaucracy (decision by judges). More democratic systems are likely to align policies with the preferences of the median voter, while more bureaucratic systems tend to engage technical expertise and protect minority rights. We use applied game theory models to clarify the differences across these systems.

We then ask how different institutions might lead to different fiscal policies. The major policy outputs considered are those from public finance: taxation, public goods, and redistribution. For each of these policy choices, we ask what insights are generated by economic theory and then consider how different governance systems might approach or diverge from these insights. Some reasons for divergence include lobbying and corruption, tax loopholes and evasion, and the tradeoff between efficiency and inequality.

The analytical framework is economic theory, which represents voter and policymaker decisions as optimization problems. We will see that the predictions generated by the economic models are sensitive to the assumptions made, and therefore empirical evidence is needed to choose between models. To this end, students will implement the standard methods in applied statistics and policy evaluation, including fixed effects regressions, instrumentral variables, regression discontinuity designs, and randomized control trials.
Projektarbeit
Wird nur im Frühjahrssemester angeboten.
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
869-0200-00LPolicy Analysis Project Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Only for MAS in Science, Technology and Policy.
O12 KP26AProfessor/innen
KurzbeschreibungStudents focus on a specific policy problem and carry out applied policy research for a public or private sector institution of their own choice.
LernzielApply the policy analysis skills acquired during the first semester in an academic setting.
Master-Arbeit
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
869-0300-00LResearch Paper Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Only for MAS in Science, Technology and Policy.
O6 KP13AProfessor/innen
KurzbeschreibungStudents focus on a specific policy problem of their own choice and engage in academically oriented policy analysis in addressing the chosen problem.
LernzielApply the policy analysis skills acquired during the first semester in an academic setting.
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