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Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Frühjahrssemester 2019

Informatik Master Information
Vertiefungsfächer
Vertiefung in Distributed Systems
Kernfächer der Vertiefung in Distributed Systems
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
227-0558-00LPrinciples of Distributed Computing Information W6 KP2V + 2U + 1AR. Wattenhofer, M. Ghaffari
KurzbeschreibungWe study the fundamental issues underlying the design of distributed systems: communication, coordination, fault-tolerance, locality, parallelism, self-organization, symmetry breaking, synchronization, uncertainty. We explore essential algorithmic ideas and lower bound techniques.
LernzielDistributed computing is essential in modern computing and communications systems. Examples are on the one hand large-scale networks such as the Internet, and on the other hand multiprocessors such as your new multi-core laptop. This course introduces the principles of distributed computing, emphasizing the fundamental issues underlying the design of distributed systems and networks: communication, coordination, fault-tolerance, locality, parallelism, self-organization, symmetry breaking, synchronization, uncertainty. We explore essential algorithmic ideas and lower bound techniques, basically the "pearls" of distributed computing. We will cover a fresh topic every week.
InhaltDistributed computing models and paradigms, e.g. message passing, shared memory, synchronous vs. asynchronous systems, time and message complexity, peer-to-peer systems, small-world networks, social networks, sorting networks, wireless communication, and self-organizing systems.

Distributed algorithms, e.g. leader election, coloring, covering, packing, decomposition, spanning trees, mutual exclusion, store and collect, arrow, ivy, synchronizers, diameter, all-pairs-shortest-path, wake-up, and lower bounds
SkriptAvailable. Our course script is used at dozens of other universities around the world.
LiteraturLecture Notes By Roger Wattenhofer. These lecture notes are taught at about a dozen different universities through the world.

Distributed Computing: Fundamentals, Simulations and Advanced Topics
Hagit Attiya, Jennifer Welch.
McGraw-Hill Publishing, 1998, ISBN 0-07-709352 6

Introduction to Algorithms
Thomas Cormen, Charles Leiserson, Ronald Rivest.
The MIT Press, 1998, ISBN 0-262-53091-0 oder 0-262-03141-8

Disseminatin of Information in Communication Networks
Juraj Hromkovic, Ralf Klasing, Andrzej Pelc, Peter Ruzicka, Walter Unger.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2005, ISBN 3-540-00846-2

Introduction to Parallel Algorithms and Architectures: Arrays, Trees, Hypercubes
Frank Thomson Leighton.
Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., San Francisco, CA, 1991, ISBN 1-55860-117-1

Distributed Computing: A Locality-Sensitive Approach
David Peleg.
Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), 2000, ISBN 0-89871-464-8
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesCourse pre-requisites: Interest in algorithmic problems. (No particular course needed.)
263-3800-00LAdvanced Operating Systems Information W6 KP2V + 2U + 1AT. Roscoe
KurzbeschreibungThis course is intended to give students a thorough understanding of design and implementation issues for modern operating systems, with a particular emphasis on the challenges of modern hardware features. We will cover key design issues in implementing an operating system, such as memory management, scheduling, protection, inter-process communication, device drivers, and file systems.
LernzielThe goals of the course are, firstly, to give students:

1. A broader perspective on OS design than that provided by knowledge of Unix or Windows, building on the material in a standard undergraduate operating systems class

2. Practical experience in dealing directly with the concurrency, resource management, and abstraction problems confronting OS designers and implementers

3. A glimpse into future directions for the evolution of OS and computer hardware design
InhaltThe course is based on practical implementation work, in C and assembly language, and requires solid knowledge of both. The work is mostly carried out in teams of 3-4, using real hardware, and is a mixture of team milestones and individual projects which fit together into a complete system at the end. Emphasis is also placed on a final report which details the complete finished artifact, evaluates its performance, and discusses the choices the team made while building it.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe course is based around a milestone-oriented project, where students work in small groups to implement major components of a microkernel-based operating system. The final assessment will be a combination grades awarded for milestones during the course of the project, a final written report on the work, and a set of test cases run on the final code.
Wahlfächer der Vertiefung in Distributed Systems
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
252-0312-00LUbiquitous Computing Information W3 KP2VF. Mattern, S. Mayer
KurzbeschreibungUbiquitous computing integrates tiny wirelessly connected computers and sensors into the environment and everyday objects. Main topics: The vision of ubiquitous computing, trends in technology, smart cards, RFID, Personal Area Networks (Bluetooth), sensor networks, location awareness, privacy and security, application areas, economic and social impact.
LernzielThe vision of ubiquitous computing, trends in technology, smart cards, RFID, Personal Area Networks (Bluetooth), sensor networks, location awareness, privacy and security, application areas, economic and social impact.
SkriptCopies of slides will be made available
LiteraturWill be provided in the lecture. To put you in the mood:
Mark Weiser: The Computer for the 21st Century. Scientific American, September 1991, pp. 94-104
252-0817-00LDistributed Systems Laboratory Information
Im Masterstudium können zusätzlich zu den Vertiefungsübergreifenden Fächern nur max. 10 Kreditpunkte über Laboratorien erarbeitet werden. Weitere Laboratorien werden auf dem Beiblatt aufgeführt.
W10 KP9PG. Alonso, T. Hoefler, F. Mattern, T. Roscoe, A. Singla, R. Wattenhofer, C. Zhang
KurzbeschreibungEntwicklung und / oder Evaluation eines umfangreicheren praktischen Systems mit Technologien aus dem Gebiet der verteilten Systeme. Das Projekt kann aus unterschiedlichen Teilbereichen (von Web-Services bis hin zu ubiquitären Systemen) stammen; typische Technologien umfassen drahtlose Ad-hoc-Netze oder Anwendungen auf Mobiltelefonen.
LernzielErwerb praktischer Kenntnisse bei Entwicklung und / oder Evaluation eines umfangreicheren praktischen Systems mit Technologien aus dem Gebiet der verteilten Systeme.
InhaltEntwicklung und / oder Evaluation eines umfangreicheren praktischen Systems mit Technologien aus dem Gebiet der verteilten Systeme. Das Projekt kann aus unterschiedlichen Teilbereichen (von Web-Services bis hin zu ubiquitären Systemen) stammen; typische Technologien umfassen drahtlose Ad-hoc-Netze oder Anwendungen auf Mobiltelefonen. Zu diesem Praktikum existiert keine Vorlesung. Bei Interesse bitte einen der beteiligten Professoren oder einen Assistenten der Forschungsgruppen kontaktieren.
263-3501-00LFuture Internet Information
Previously called Advanced Computer Networks
W6 KP1V + 1U + 3AA. Singla
KurzbeschreibungThis course will discuss recent advances in networking, with a focus on the Internet, with topics ranging from the algorithmic design of applications like video streaming to the likely near-future of satellite-based networking.
LernzielThe goals of the course are to build on basic undergraduate-level networking, and provide an understanding of the tradeoffs and existing technology in the design of large, complex networked systems, together with concrete experience of the challenges through a series of lab exercises.
InhaltThe focus of the course is on principles, architectures, protocols, and applications used in modern networked systems. Example topics include:

- How video streaming services like Netflix work, and research on improving their performance.
- How Web browsing could be made faster
- How the Internet's protocols are improving
- Exciting developments in satellite-based networking (ala SpaceX)
- The role of data centers in powering Internet services

A series of programming assignments will form a substantial part of the course grade.
SkriptLecture slides will be made available at the course Web site: https://ndal.ethz.ch/courses/fi.html
LiteraturNo textbook is required, but there will be regularly assigned readings from research literature, liked to the course Web site: https://ndal.ethz.ch/courses/fi.html.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesAn undergraduate class covering the basics of networking, such as Internet routing and TCP. At ETH, Computer Networks (252-0064-00L) and Communication Networks (227-0120-00L) suffice. Similar courses from other universities are acceptable too.
263-3710-00LMachine Perception Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 150.
W5 KP2V + 1U + 1AO. Hilliges
KurzbeschreibungRecent developments in neural networks (aka “deep learning”) have drastically advanced the performance of machine perception systems in a variety of areas including computer vision, robotics, and intelligent UIs. This course is a deep dive into deep learning algorithms and architectures with applications to a variety of perceptual tasks.
LernzielStudents will learn about fundamental aspects of modern deep learning approaches for perception. Students will learn to implement, train and debug their own neural networks and gain a detailed understanding of cutting-edge research in learning-based computer vision, robotics and HCI. The final project assignment will involve training a complex neural network architecture and applying it on a real-world dataset of human activity.

The core competency acquired through this course is a solid foundation in deep-learning algorithms to process and interpret human input into computing systems. In particular, students should be able to develop systems that deal with the problem of recognizing people in images, detecting and describing body parts, inferring their spatial configuration, performing action/gesture recognition from still images or image sequences, also considering multi-modal data, among others.
InhaltWe will focus on teaching: how to set up the problem of machine perception, the learning algorithms, network architectures and advanced deep learning concepts in particular probabilistic deep learning models

The course covers the following main areas:
I) Foundations of deep-learning.
II) Probabilistic deep-learning for generative modelling of data (latent variable models, generative adversarial networks and auto-regressive models).
III) Deep learning in computer vision, human-computer interaction and robotics.

Specific topics include: 
I) Deep learning basics:
a) Neural Networks and training (i.e., backpropagation)
b) Feedforward Networks
c) Timeseries modelling (RNN, GRU, LSTM)
d) Convolutional Neural Networks for classification
II) Probabilistic Deep Learning:
a) Latent variable models (VAEs)
b) Generative adversarial networks (GANs)
c) Autoregressive models (PixelCNN, PixelRNN, TCNs)
III) Deep Learning techniques for machine perception:
a) Fully Convolutional architectures for dense per-pixel tasks (i.e., instance segmentation)
b) Pose estimation and other tasks involving human activity
c) Deep reinforcement learning
IV) Case studies from research in computer vision, HCI, robotics and signal processing
LiteraturDeep Learning
Book by Ian Goodfellow and Yoshua Bengio
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis is an advanced grad-level course that requires a background in machine learning. Students are expected to have a solid mathematical foundation, in particular in linear algebra, multivariate calculus, and probability. The course will focus on state-of-the-art research in deep-learning and will not repeat basics of machine learning

Please take note of the following conditions:
1) The number of participants is limited to 150 students (MSc and PhDs).
2) Students must have taken the exam in Machine Learning (252-0535-00) or have acquired equivalent knowledge
3) All practical exercises will require basic knowledge of Python and will use libraries such as TensorFlow, scikit-learn and scikit-image. We will provide introductions to TensorFlow and other libraries that are needed but will not provide introductions to basic programming or Python.

The following courses are strongly recommended as prerequisite:
* "Visual Computing" or "Computer Vision"

The course will be assessed by a final written examination in English. No course materials or electronic devices can be used during the examination. Note that the examination will be based on the contents of the lectures, the associated reading materials and the exercises.
263-3826-00LData Stream Processing and Analytics Information W6 KP2V + 2U + 1AV. Kalavri
KurzbeschreibungThe course covers fundamentals of large-scale data stream processing. The focus is on the design and architecture of modern distributed streaming systems as well as algorithms for analyzing data streams.
LernzielThis course has the goal of providing an overview of the data stream processing model and introducing modern platforms and tools for anlayzing massive data streams. By the end of the course, students should be able to use techniques for extracting knowledge from continuous, fast data streams. They will also have gained a deep understanding of the design and implementation of modern distributed stream processors through a series of hands-on exercises.
InhaltModern data-driven applications require continuous, low-latency processing of large-scale, rapid data events such as videos, images, emails, chats, clicks, search queries, financial transactions, traffic records, sensor measurements, etc. Extracting knowledge from these data streams is particularly challenging due to their high speed and massive volume.
Distributed stream processing has recently become highly popular across industry and academia due to its capabilities to both improve established data processing tasks and to facilitate novel applications with real-time requirements. In this course, we will study the design and architecture of modern distributed streaming systems as well as fundamental algorithms for analyzing data streams.
SkriptSchedule and lecture notes will be posted in the course website: https://www.systems.ethz.ch/courses/spring2019/dspa/
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe exercise sessions will be a mixture of (1) reviews, discussions, and evaluation of research papers on data stream processing, and (2) programming assignments on implementing data stream mining algorithms and anlysis tasks.

- Basic knowledge of relational data management and distributed systems.

- Basic programming skills in Java and/or Rust is necessary to carry out the practical exercises and final project.
Seminar in Distributed Systems
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
263-2211-00LSeminar in Computer Architecture Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 22.

The deadline for deregistering expires at the end of the second week of the semester. Students who are still registered after that date, but do not attend the seminar, will officially fail the seminar.
W2 KP2SO. Mutlu, M. H. K. Alser, J. Gómez Luna
KurzbeschreibungIn this seminar course, we will cover fundamental and cutting-edge research papers in computer architecture. The course will consist of multiple components that are aimed at improving students' technical skills in computer architecture, critical thinking and analysis on computer architecture concepts, as well as technical presentation of concepts and papers in both spoken and written forms.
LernzielThe main objective is to learn how to rigorously analyze and present papers and ideas computer architecture. We will have rigorous presentation and discussion of selected papers during lectures and a written report delivered by each student at the end of the semester.

This course is for those interested in computer architecture. Registered students are expected to attend every lecture and participate in the discussion.
InhaltTopics will center around computer architecture. We will, for example, discuss papers on hardware security; architectural acceleration mechanisms for key applications like machine learning, graph processing and bioinformatics; memory systems; interconnects; processing inside memory; various fundamental and emerging paradigms in computer architecture; hardware/software co-design and cooperation; fault tolerance; energy efficiency; heterogeneous and parallel systems; new execution models, etc.
LiteraturKey papers and articles, on both fundamentals and cutting-edge topics in computer architecture will be provided and discussed. These will be posted on the course website.
263-3712-00LSeminar on Computational Interaction Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 14.

The deadline for deregistering expires at the end of the second week of the semester. Students who are still registered after that date, but do not attend the seminar, will officially fail the seminar.
W2 KP2SO. Hilliges
KurzbeschreibungComputational Interaction focuses on the use of algorithms to enhance the interaction with a computing system. Papers from scientific venues such as CHI, UIST & SIGGRAPH will be examined in-depth. Student present and discuss the papers to extract techniques and insights that can be applied to software & hardware projects. Topics include user modeling, computational design, and input & output.
LernzielThe goal of the seminar is to familiarize students with exciting new research topics in this important area, but also to teach basic scientific writing and oral presentation skills.
InhaltThe seminar will have a different structure from regular seminars to encourage more discussion and a deeper learning experience. We will use a case-study format where all students read the same paper each week but fulfill different roles and hence prepare with different viewpoints in mind (e.g. "presenter", "historian", "student", etc).

The seminar will cover multiple topics of computational interaction, including:
1) User- and context modeling for UI adaptation
Intent modeling, activity and emotion recognition, and user perception.

2) Computational design
Design mining, design exploration, UI optimization.

3) Computer supported input
Text entry, pointing, gestural input, physiological sensing, eye tracking, and sketching.

4) Computer supported output
Information retrieval, fabrication, mixed reality interfaces, haptics, and gaze contingency

For each topic, a paper will be chosen that represents the state of the art of research or seminal work that inspired and fostered future work. Student will learn how to incorporate computational methods into system that involve software, hardware, and, very importantly, users.

Seminar website: https://ait.ethz.ch/teaching/courses/2019-SS-Seminar-Computational-Interaction/
263-3840-00LHardware Architectures for Machine Learning Information
The deadline for deregistering expires at the end of the second week of the semester. Students who are still registered after that date, but do not attend the seminar, will officially fail the seminar.
W2 KP2SG. Alonso, T. Hoefler, C. Zhang
KurzbeschreibungThe seminar covers recent results in the increasingly important field of hardware acceleration for data science and machine learning, both in dedicated machines or in data centers.
LernzielThe seminar aims at students interested in the system aspects of machine learning, who are willing to bridge the gap across traditional disciplines: machine learning, databases, systems, and computer architecture.
InhaltThe seminar is intended to cover recent results in the increasingly important field of hardware acceleration for data science and machine learning, both in dedicated machines or in data centers.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe seminar should be of special interest to students intending to complete a master's thesis or a doctoral dissertation in related topics.
227-0126-00LAdvanced Topics in Networked Embedded Systems Information W2 KP1SL. Thiele, J. Beutel, Z. Zhou
KurzbeschreibungThe seminar will cover advanced topics in networked embedded systems. A particular focus are cyber-physical systems and sensor networks in various application domains.
LernzielThe goal is to get a deeper understanding on leading edge technologies in the discipline, on classes of applications, and on current as well as future research directions.
InhaltThe seminar enables Master students, PhDs and Postdocs to learn about latest breakthroughs in wireless sensor networks, networked embedded systems and devices, and energy-harvesting in several application domains, including environmental monitoring, tracking, smart buildings and control. Participants are requested to actively participate in the organization and preparation of the seminar.
227-0559-00LSeminar in Deep Reinforcement Learning Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 24.
W2 KP2SR. Wattenhofer, O. Richter
KurzbeschreibungIn this seminar participating students present and discuss recent research papers in the area of deep reinforcement learning. The seminar starts with two introductory lessons introducing the basic concepts. Alongside the seminar a programming challenge is posed in which students can take part to improve their grade.
LernzielSince Google Deepmind presented the Deep Q-Network (DQN) algorithm in 2015 that could play Atari-2600 games at a superhuman level, the field of deep reinforcement learning gained a lot of traction. It sparked media attention with AlphaGo and AlphaZero and is one of the most prominent research areas. Yet many research papers in the area come from one of two sources: Google Deepmind or OpenAI. In this seminar we aim at giving the students an in depth view on the current advances in the area by discussing recent papers as well as discussing current issues and difficulties surrounding deep reinforcement learning.
InhaltTwo introductory courses introducing Q-learning and policy gradient methods. Afterwards participating students present recent papers. For details see: www.disco.ethz.ch/courses.html
SkriptSlides of presentations will be made available.
LiteraturOpenAI course (https://spinningup.openai.com/en/latest/) plus selected papers.
The paper selection can be found on www.disco.ethz.ch/courses.html.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesIt is expected that student have prior knowledge and interest in machine and deep learning, for instance by having attended appropriate courses.
851-0740-00LBig Data, Law, and Policy Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 35

Students will be informed by 3.3.2019 at the latest.
W3 KP2SS. Bechtold, T. Roscoe, E. Vayena
KurzbeschreibungThis course introduces students to societal perspectives on the big data revolution. Discussing important contributions from machine learning and data science, the course explores their legal, economic, ethical, and political implications in the past, present, and future.
LernzielThis course is intended both for students of machine learning and data science who want to reflect on the societal implications of their field, and for students from other disciplines who want to explore the societal impact of data sciences. The course will first discuss some of the methodological foundations of machine learning, followed by a discussion of research papers and real-world applications where big data and societal values may clash. Potential topics include the implications of big data for privacy, liability, insurance, health systems, voting, and democratic institutions, as well as the use of predictive algorithms for price discrimination and the criminal justice system. Guest speakers, weekly readings and reaction papers ensure a lively debate among participants from various backgrounds.
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