Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2016

Maschineningenieurwissenschaften Master Information
Kernfächer
Bioengineering
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
376-1985-00LTrauma BiomechanicsW4 KP2V + 1UK.‑U. Schmitt, M. H. Muser
KurzbeschreibungTrauma-Biomechanik ist ein interdiszipliäres Fach, das sich mit der Biomechanik von Verletzungen sowie Möglichkeiten zur Prävention von Verletzungen beschäftigt. Die Vorlesung stellt die Grundlagen der Trauma-Biomechanik dar.
LernzielVermittlung von Grundlagen der Trauma-Biomechanik.
InhaltDie Vorlesung beschäftigt sich mit Verletzungen des menschlichen Körpers und den zugrunde liegenden Verletzungsmechanismen. Hierbei bilden Verletzungen, die im Strassenverkehr erlitten werden, den Schwerpunkt. Weitere Vorlesungsthemen sind: Crash-Tests und die dazugehörige Messtechnik (z. B. Dummys), sowie aktuelle Themen der Trauma-Biomechanik wie z.B. Fussgänger-Kollisionen, Kinderrückhaltesysteme und Fahrzeugsitze.
SkriptUnterlagen werden zur Verfügung gestellt.
LiteraturSchmitt K-U, Niederer P, M. Muser, Walz F: "Trauma Biomechanics - An Introduction to Injury Biomechanics" bzw. "Trauma-Biomechanik - Einführung in die Biomechanik von Verletzungen", beide Springer Verlag.
402-0341-00LMedical Physics IW6 KP2V + 1UP. Manser
KurzbeschreibungIntroduction to the fundamentals of medical radiation physics. Functional chain due to radiation exposure from the primary physical effect to the radiobiological and medically manifest secondary effects. Dosimetric concepts of radiation protection in medicine. Mode of action of radiation sources used in medicine and its illustration by means of Monte Carlo simulations.
LernzielUnderstanding the functional chain from primary physical effects of ionizing radiation to clinical radiation effects. Dealing with dose as a quantitative measure of medical exposure. Getting familiar with methods to generate ionizing radiation in medicine and learn how they are applied for medical purposes. Eventually, the lecture aims to show the students that medical physics is a fascinating and evolving discipline where physics can directly be used for the benefits of patients and the society.
InhaltThe lecture is covering the basic principles of ionzing radiation and its physical and biological effects. The physical interactions of photons as well as of charged particles will be reviewed and their consequences for medical applications will be discussed. The concept of Monte Carlo simulation will be introduced in the excercises and will help the student to understand the characteristics of ionizing radiation in simple and complex situations. Fundamentals in dosimetry will be provided in order to understand the physical and biological effects of ionizing radiation. Deterministic as well as stochastic effects will be discussed and fundamental knowledge about radiation protection will be provided. In the second part of the lecture series, we will cover the generation of ionizing radiation. By this means, the x-ray tube, the clinical linear accelarator, and different radioactive sources in radiology, radiotherapy and nuclear medicine will be addressed. Applications in radiolgoy, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy will be described with a special focus on the physics underlying these applications.
SkriptA script will be provided.
551-0319-00LCellular Biochemistry (Part I) Information W3 KP2VU. Kutay, R. I. Enchev, B. Kornmann, M. Peter, I. Zemp, weitere Dozierende
KurzbeschreibungConcepts and molecular mechanisms underlying the biochemistry of the cell, providing advanced insights into structure, function and regulation of individual cell components. Particular emphasis will be put on the spatial and temporal integration of different molecules and signaling pathways into global cellular processes such as intracellular transport, cell division & growth, and cell migration.
LernzielThe full-year course (551-0319-00 & 551-0320-00) focuses on the molecular mechanisms and concepts underlying the biochemistry of cellular physiology, investigating how these processes are integrated to carry out highly coordinated cellular functions. The molecular characterisation of complex cellular functions requires a combination of approaches such as biochemistry, but also cell biology and genetics. This course is therefore the occasion to discuss these techniques and their integration in modern cellular biochemistry.
The students will be able to describe the structural and functional details of individual cell components, and the spatial and temporal regulation of their interactions. In particular, they will learn to explain the integration of different molecules and signaling pathways into complex and highly dynamic cellular processes such as intracellular transport, cytoskeletal rearrangements, cell motility, cell division and cell growth. In addition, they will be able to illustrate the relevance of particular signaling pathways for cellular pathologies such as cancer.
InhaltStructural and functional details of individual cell components, regulation of their interactions, and various aspects of the regulation and compartmentalisation of biochemical processes.
Topics include: biophysical and electrical properties of membranes; viral membranes; structural and functional insights into intracellular transport and targeting; vesicular trafficking and phagocytosis; post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression.
SkriptScripts and additional material will be provided during the semester. Please contact Dr. Alicia Smith for assistance with the learning materials. (alicia.smith@bc.biol.ethz.ch)
LiteraturRecommended supplementary literature (review articles and selected primary literature) will be provided during the course.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesTo attend this course the students must have a solid basic knowledge in chemistry, biochemistry and general biology. The course will be taught in English.
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