From 2 November 2020, the autumn semester 2020 will take place online. Exceptions: Courses that can only be carried out with on-site presence.
Please note the information provided by the lecturers via e-mail.

Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2019

GESS Science in Perspective Information
Only the topics listed in this paragraph can be chosen as "GESS Science in Perspective" course.
Further below you will find the "type B courses Reflections about subject specific methods and content" as well as the language courses.

6 ECTS need to be acquired during the BA and 2 ECTS during the MA

Students who already took a course within their main study program are NOT allowed to take the course again.

These course units are also listed under "Type A", which basically means all students can enroll
Type A: Enhancement of Reflection Competence
Suitable for all students.

Students who already took a course within their main study program are NOT allowed to take the course again.
Economics
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
851-0609-04LThe Energy Challenge - The Role of Technology, Business and Society Information
Prerequisites: Basic knowledge in economics.
W2 credits2VR. Schubert, T. Schmidt, J. Schmitz, B. Steffen
AbstractIn recent years, energy security, risks, access and availability are important issues. Strongly redirecting and accelerating technological change on a sustainable low-carbon path is essential. The transformation of current energy systems into sustainable ones is not only a question of technology but also of the goals and influences of important actors like business, politics and society.
ObjectiveIn this course different options of sustainable energy systems like fossile energies, nuclear energy or all sorts of renewable energies are explained and discussed. The students should be able to understand and identify advantages and disadvantages of the different technological options and discuss their relevance in the business as well as in the societal context.
Lecture notesMaterials will be made available on the electronic learning platform: www.vwl.ethz.ch
LiteratureMaterials will be made available on the electronic learning platform: www.vwl.ethz.ch
Prerequisites / NoticeVarious lectures from different disciplines.
860-0013-00LPolitical Economy
Prerequisite: An introductory course in Economics is required to sign up for this course.
W3 credits2VJ.‑E. Sturm, V. Eichenauer
AbstractThis course takes incentives of politicians into account to form a better understanding of the formation of policy and the role of different political institutions in shaping economic policy.
ObjectiveIn principles courses of economics, the functioning of markets and ways in which the government can shape and influence are discussed. The implicit assumption thereby is that the government will act in the interest of society at large. This course takes incentives of politicians into account to thereby form a better understanding of the formation of policy and the role of different political institutions in shaping economic policy.
The course will thus provide you with a critical understanding of the institutions and decision-making processes commonly found at the national and international level. We will discuss quantitative research papers that analyze the effects of institutions and past policies. The focus thereby is on how the interplay between democratic institutions and self-seeking individuals, lobby groups, and parties determines the degree of redistribution in a society. This course will also improve your understanding of the theoretical approaches, that policy-makers frequently apply to analyze societal problems.
Prerequisites / NoticeAn introductory course in Economics is required to sign up for this course.
363-0532-00LEconomics of Sustainable DevelopmentW3 credits2VL. Bretschger
AbstractConcepts and indicators of sustainable development, paradigms of weak and strong sustainability;
neoclassical and endogenous growth models;
pollution, environmental policy and growth;
role of substitution possibilities and technological progress;
Environmental Kuznets Curve: concept, theory and empirical results;
economic growth in the presence of exhaustible and renewable resources.
ObjectiveThe aim is to develop an understanding of the implications of sustainable development for the long-run development of economies. It is to be shown to which extent the potential for growth to be sustainable depends on substitution possibilities, technological change and environmental policy.
ContentThe lecture introduces different concepts and paradigms of sustainable development. Building on this foundation and following a general introduction to the modelling of economic growth, conditions for growth to be sustainable in the presence of pollution and scarce natural resources are derived. Special attention is devoted to the scope for substitution and role of technological progress in overcoming resource scarcities. Implications of environmental externalities are regarded with respect to the design of environmental policies.
Concepts and indicators of sustainable development, paradigms of weak and strong sustainability, sustainability optimism vs. pessimism;
introduction to neoclassical and endogenous growth models;
pollution, environmental policy and growth;
role of substitution possibilities and technological progress;
Environmental Kuznets Curve: concept, theory and empirical results;
economic growth in the presence of exhaustible and renewable resources, Hartwick rule, resource saving technological change.
Lecture notesWill be provided successively in the course of the semester.
LiteratureBretschger, F. (1999), Growth Theory and Sustainable Development, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Bretschger, L. (2004), Wachstumstheorie, Oldenbourg, 3. Auflage, München.

Perman, R., Y. Ma, J. McGilvray and M. Common (2003), Natural Resource and Environmental Economics, Longman , 3d ed., Essex.

Neumayer, E. (2003), Weak and Strong Sustainability, 2nd ed., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
363-0564-00LEntrepreneurial RisksW3 credits2GD. Sornette
Abstract-General introduction to the different dimensions of risks with
emphasis on entrepreneurial, financial and social risks.

-Development of the concepts and tools to understand these risks,
control and master them.

-Decision making and risks; human cooperation and risks
ObjectiveWe live a in complex world with many nonlinear
negative and positive feedbacks. Entrepreneurship is one of
the leading human activity based on innovation to create
new wealth and new social developments. This course will
analyze the risks (upside and downside) associated with
entrepreneurship and more generally human activity
in the firms, in social networks and in society.
The goal is to present what we believe are the key concepts
and the quantitative tools to understand and manage risks.
An emphasis will be on large and extreme risks, known
to control many systems, and which require novel ways
of thinking and of managing. We will examine the questions
of (i) how much one can manage and control these risks,
(ii) how these actions may feedback positively or negatively
and (iii) how to foster human cooperation for the creation
of wealth and social well-being.

Depending on the number of students and of the interest, the exam
will consist in a project, one for each student or in small groups,
focused on the application of the concepts and tools developed in this
class to problems of practical use to the students in their varied fields.
The choice of the subjects will be jointly decided by the
students and the professor.
ContentThis content is not final and is subjected to change
and adaptation during the development of the course
in order to take into account feedbacks from the
students and participants to the course.

1- Risks in the firm and in entrepreneurship
-What is risk? The four levels.
-Conceptual and technical tools
-Introduction to three different concepts of probability
-Useful notions of probability theory
(Frequentist versus Bayesian approach,
the central limit theorem and its generalizations, extreme value theory)
-Where are the risks for firms? Downside and upside
-Diversification and market risks

2-The world of power law risks
-Stable laws
-power laws and beyond
-calculation tools
-scale invariance, fractal and multifractals
-mechanisms for power laws
-Examples in the corporate, financial and social worlds

3-Risks emerging from collective self-organization
-concept of bottom-up self-organization
-bifurcations, theory of catastrophes, phase transitions
-predictability
-the hierarchical approach to understanding self-organization

4-Measures of risks
-coherent and consistent measures of risks
-origin of risks
-dependence structure of risks
-measures of dependence and of extreme dependences
-introduction to copulas

5-Conceptual and mathematical models of risk processes
-self-excited point processes of economic and financial shocks
-agent-based models applied to collective emergent behavior
in organization of firms and societies and their risks

6-Endogenous versus exogenous origins of crises
-mild crises versus wild catastrophes: black swans and kings
-the dynamics of commercial sales
-the dynamics of Youtube views and internet downloads
-the dynamics of risks in the financial markets
-strategic management and extreme risks

7-Why do markets burst and crash?
-collective behavior, imitation and herding
-humans as social animals and consequence of risks
-bubbles and crashes in human affairs, innovation, new technologies

8-Limits of predictability, of control and of management
-the phenomenon of ``illusion of control''
-the world is a whole: irreducible risks from lack of diversification
-intrinsic limits of predictability
-the concept of pockets of predictability

9-Human-made risks
-political, financial, economics, natural risks
-elements on theories of decision making
-Human cooperation and its lack thereof, mechanisms and design
Lecture notesThe lecture notes will be distributed a the beginning of
each lecture.
LiteratureI will use elements taken from my books

-D. Sornette
Critical Phenomena in Natural Sciences,
Chaos, Fractals, Self-organization and Disorder: Concepts and Tools,
2nd ed. (Springer Series in Synergetics, Heidelberg, 2004)

-Y. Malevergne and D. Sornette
Extreme Financial Risks (From Dependence to Risk Management)
(Springer, Heidelberg, 2006).

-D. Sornette,
Why Stock Markets Crash
(Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems),
(Princeton University Press, 2003)

as well as from a variety of other sources, which will be
indicated to the students during each lecture.
Prerequisites / Notice-A deep curiosity and interest in asking questions and in attempting to
understand and manage the complexity of the corporate, financial
and social world

-quantitative skills in mathematical analysis and algebra
for the modeling part.
363-1039-00LIntroduction to Negotiation Information W3 credits2GM. Ambühl
AbstractThe course combines different lecture formats to provide students with both the theoretical background and the practical appreciation of negotiation. A core element of the course is an introduction to the concept of negotiation engineering.
ObjectiveStudents learn to understand and to identify different negotiation situations, analyze specific cases, and discuss respective negotiation approaches based on important negotiation methods (i.a. Game Theory, Harvard Method).
ContentThe course combines different lecture formats to provide students with both the theoretical background and the practical appreciation of negotiation. A core element is an introduction to the concept of negotiation engineering. The course covers a brief overview of different negotiation approaches, different categories of negotiations, selected negotiation models, as well as in-depth discussions of real-world case studies on international negotiations involving Switzerland. Students learn to deconstruct specific negotiation situations, to differentiate key aspects and to develop and apply a suitable negotiation approach based on important negotiation methods.
LiteratureThe list of relevant references will be distributed in the beginning of the course.
364-0576-00LAdvanced Sustainability Economics Information
PhD course, open for MSc students
W3 credits3GL. Bretschger
AbstractThe course covers current resource and sustainability economics, including ethical foundations of sustainability, intertemporal optimisation in capital-resource economies, sustainable use of non-renewable and renewable resources, pollution dynamics, population growth, and sectoral heterogeneity. A final part is on empirical contributions, e.g. the resource curse, energy prices, and the EKC.
ObjectiveUnderstanding of the current issues and economic methods in sustainability research; ability to solve typical problems like the calculation of the growth rate under environmental restriction with the help of appropriate model equations.
351-0578-00LIntroduction to Economic PolicyW2 credits2VH. Mikosch
AbstractFirst approach to the theory of economic policy.
ObjectiveFirst approach to the theory of economic policy.
ContentWirtschaftspolitik ist die Gesamtheit aller Massnahmen von staatlichen Institutionen mit denen das Wirtschaftsgeschehen geregelt und gestaltet wird. Die Vorlesung bietet einen ersten Zugang zur Theorie der Wirtschaftspolitik.

Gliederung der Vorlesung:

1.) Wohlfahrtsökonomische Grundlagen: Wohlfahrtsfunktion, Pareto-Optimalität, Wirtschaftspolitik als Mittel-Zweck-Analyse u.a.

2.) Wirtschaftsordnungen: Geplante und ungeplante Ordnung
3.) Wettbewerb und Effizienz: Hauptsätze der Wohlfahrtsökonomik, Effizienz von Wettbewerbsmärkten
4.) Wettbewerbspolitik: Sicherstellung einer wettbewerblichen Ordnung

Gründe für Marktversagen:
5.) Externe Effekte
6.) Öffentliche Güter
7.) Natürliche Monopole
8.) Informationsasymmetrien
9.) Anpassungskosten
10.) Irrationalität

11.) Wirtschaftspolitik und Politische Ökonomie

Die Vorlesung beinhaltet Anwendungsbeispiele und Exkurse, um eine Verbindung zwischen Theorie und Praxis der Wirtschaftspolitik herzustellen. Z. B. Verteilungseffekte von wirtschaftspolitischen Massnahmen, Kartellpolitik am Ölmarkt, Internalisierung externer Effekte durch Emissionshandel, moralisches Risiko am Finanzmarkt, Nudging, zeitinkonsistente Präferenzen im Bereich der Gesundheitspolitik
Lecture notesNein.
701-0758-00LEcological Economics: Introduction with Focus on Growth Critics
Does not take place this semester.
W2 credits2V
AbstractStudents become acquainted with the basics / central questions / analyses of Ecological Economics. Thereby, central will be the topic of economic growth. What are the positions of Ecological Economics in this regard? What are the theories and concepts to found this position in general and in particular economic areas (e.g. resource consumption, efficiency, consumption, labour market, enterprises)?
ObjectiveBecome acquainted with basics and central questions of Ecological Economics (EE): e.g. 'pre-analytic vision', field of discipline, development EE, contributions of involved disciplines such as ecology or political sciences, ecological-economic analysis of topics such as labour market, consumption, money. Critical analysis of growth and learning about approaches to reduce growth pressures.
ContentWhat is Ecological Economics
Field of the discipline and basics
Resource consumption, its development and measurements
Measurement of economic activity and welfare
Economic growth, growth critics and post-growth society
Consumption, Money, Enterprises, labour market and growth pressures
Starting points for a post-growth society
Lecture notesNo Script. Slides and texts will be provided beforehand.
LiteratureDaly, H. E. / Farley, J. (2004). Ecological Economics. Principles and Applications. Washington, Island Press.

Seidl, I. /Zahrnt A. (2010). Postwachstumsgesellschaft, Marburg, Metropolis.

Ausgewählte wissenschaftliche Artikel.
Prerequisites / NoticeParticipation in a lecture on environmental economics or otherwise basic knowledge of economics (e.g. A-Level)
751-1500-00LDevelopment EconomicsW3 credits2VI. Günther, K. Harttgen, C. Humphrey
AbstractIntroduction into basic theoretical and empirical aspects of economic development. Prescriptive theory of economic policy for poverty reduction.
ObjectiveThe goal of this lecture is to introduce students to basic development economics and related economic and developmental contexts.
ContentThe course begins with a theoretical and empirical introduction to the concepts of poverty reduction and issues of combating socioeconomic inequality. Based on this, important external and internal drivers of economic development and poverty reduction are discussed as well as economic and development policies to overcome persistent poverty. In particular, the following topics are discussed:

- measurement of development, poverty and inequality,
- growth theories
- trade and development
- education, health, population and development
- states and institutions
- fiscal,monetary- and exchange rate policies
- economic policies for economic growth and poverty reduction
Lecture notesNone.
LiteratureGünther, Harttgen und Michaelowa (2019): Einführung in die Entwicklungsökonomik.
Prerequisites / NoticeVoraussetzungen:
Grundlagenkenntisse der Mikro- und Makroökonomie. Fragen der Internationalen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit werden im Herbstsemester behandelt.

Besonderes:
Die Veranstaltung besteht aus einem Vorlesungsteil, aus Literaturarbeit sowie der Bearbeitung von zwei Aufgabenblättern. Am Ende der Vorlesung wird eine schriftliche Prüfung abgelegt.

Die Vorlesung basiert auf: Günther, Harttgen und Michaelowa (2019): Einführung in die Entwicklungsökonomik. Kapitel 1,2,4, 5, 6 (Teil) und 7. Kapitel 3 (Staat und Politik) und 8 (Entwicklungszusammenarbeit) werden in dieser Vorlesung nicht behandelt. Kapitel 6 (Umwelt) wird nur zum Teil behandelt.

Die angegebenen Kapitel müssen jeweils vor den Veranstaltungen gelesen werden. In den Veranstaltungen wird das Gelesene diskutiert und angewendet. Auch werden offene Fragen der Kapitel und Übungen besprochen.

Aufgabenblätter in Gruppen von 2-3 Personen bitte auf Moodle hochladen. Die Übungen werden innerhalb von 2 Wochen korrigiert. Die Übungen müssen am angegeben Tag bis spätestens 5Uhr morgens auf Moodle geladen werden.
860-0019-00LEmpirical Social Research Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants is limited to 25.

Priority is given to students of the study programs Science, Technologies and Policy MSc. and MAS.

Enrollment is possible until 04.02.2019 . The registration will only be effective once confirmed.

Achtung: Diese LE wurde bis Frühjahr 2017 unter der Nummer 701-0729-01L angeboten. Die Studierenden die diese LE bereits belegt hatten, können die LE 860-0019-01L nicht erneut belegen.
W3 credits2GI. Günther, L. Metzger
AbstractThe course provides an overview of the various methodological approaches in empirical social research and covers the different stages of the research process. Acquired skills are applied in a research project applying experimental methods.
ObjectiveUpon completion of the course, students should be familiar with:
(1) The basic principles behind different empirical social-research methods and the conditions under which their use is appropriate
(2) The steps involved in an empirical study in social sciences.
(3) The application of experimental methods to a research project.
ContentEmpirical social research employs a wide variety of research methods, such as surveys or laboratory and non-reactive field experiments. The course will begin with an overview of the various methodological approaches, including their advantages and disadvantages and the conditions under which their use is appropriate. It will continue with a discussion of the different stages of the research process, including hypothesis generation, formulating a research plan, measurement, sampling, data collection and data analysis. This knowledge will be applied by conducting a research project on a suitable topic.
LiteratureBryman, A. (2008). Social Research Methods (3rd ed.). Oxford: University Press.
Diekmann, A. (2007). Empirische Sozialforschung (18. Aufl.). Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt.
Prerequisites / NoticeBasic knowledge in applied statistics. Students enrolling in this course should be able to conduct descriptive statistics and simple linear regressions with R, STATA or a similar program.
Philosophy
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
851-0101-01LIntroduction to Practical Philosophy
Particularly suitable for students of D-MAVT, D-MATL
W3 credits2GL. Wingert
AbstractPractical philosophy deals in a descriptive and evaluative way with the realm of the practical, that is, with action, practices, norms of action, and values held by people and societies. Ethics and political philosophy are branches of practical philosophy. This introductory course will treat some of the main questions and introduce students to the thinking of central figures in the field.
ObjectiveAt the end of the course, students (1) will be familiar with still highly influential answers to some of the main questions (see below, section "contents") in practical philosophy. (2) They will be able to better evaluate how convincing these answers are. (3) Students' own thinking concerning normative, e.g., ethical issues, will be more precise, due to a more sophisticated use of key concepts such as good, right, morality, law, freedom, etc.
ContentEthics is an account and instruction of the good, that could be reached by conscious, intentional behaviour (=action). Ethics is an essential part of practical philosophy. Therefore one of those central questions, which will be discussed in the course, is:

1. What is the meaning of words like "good" and "bad", used in ethical language? What is meant by "good", if one says: "Working as a volunteer for the <Red Cross> is good"? Does one mean, that doing so is useful, or that it is altruistic, or that is fair?

Further questions, to be discussed in the course, are:

2. Are moral judgements apt to be justified, e.g. judgments like "Lower taxes for rich foreigners in the <Kanton Zug> are unjust" or "Every person ought to be entitled to leave any religious community"? If so, how far a moral judgment's justification can reach? Is one right in arguing: "It is possible to show the truth of the proposition (a):The emissions of nitrogen dioxide in Zurich is far beyond the permissible limit (80 mg/m3). But it is not possible to verify the proposition (b): In our times, the inequal global distribution of wealth is far beyond the permissible limit. Proposition (a) states an objective fact, whereas (b) expresses a mere subjective evaluation, though that evaluation might be widely spread.

3. What are just laws, and what is the relationship between law and morality?

4. Is freedom of a person, though presupposed by criminal law and morality, nevertheless an illusion?

These questions will be partly discussed with reference to seminal authors within the western philosophical tradition (among else Plato, Aristotle, Thomas Hobbes, David Hume, Immanuel Kant). Contemporary philosophers like Jürgen Habermas, Thomas Nagel, Ernst Tugendhat or Bernard Williams will be included, too.
LiteraturePreparatory Literature:

-Dieter Birnbacher, Analytische Einführung in die Ethik, 2. Aufl. Berlin: de Gruyter Verlag 2006.
- Simon Blackburn, Think. A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy, Oxford: University Press (=UP) 1999, chapters 3 und 8.
- Philippa Foot, <Virtues and Vices> in: diess., Virtues and Vices and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy, Oxford: UP 2002, and <Morality, Action and Outcome>, in: dies., Moral Dilemmas and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy, Oxford: UP 2002.
- H.L.A. Hart, <Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals, in: Harvard Law Review 71 (1958), pp. 593-629.
- Detlef Horster, Rechtsphilosophie zur Einführung, Hamburg: Junius Verlag 2002.
- Robert Kane, <Introduction: The Contours of the Contemporary Free Will Debates>, in: ders., (Hg.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will, Oxford 2002.
– Thomas Nagel, The Limits of Objectivity, in: The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 1980, Vol I., ed. Sterling McMurrin , Cambridge et al.: UP 1980, pp. 75-139.
- Ulrich Pothast, <Einleitung> in: ders., (Hg.), Seminar: Freies Handeln und Determinismus, Frankfurt/M.: suhrkamp taschenbuch wissenschaft 1978, pp. 7-31.
- Bernard Williams, Morality. An Introduction to Ethics, Cambridge: UP (=Canto Series) 1976.
- Peter Winch, The Idea of a Social Science, 4.Aufl. London 1965, ch. II.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe course will be a mixture of lecture and seminar. For getting credit points, essays on given or freely chosen subjects have to be written.
851-0125-81LHow Free Are We? Philosophical Theories on Freedom and Determinism
Particularly suitable for students of D-BIOL, D-HEST, D-INFK, D-CHAB, D-HEST, D-PHYS
W3 credits2GL. Wingert
AbstractWe are praised for our achievements and blamed for our failures. It is presupposed that our doings are something that is up to us. "It is up to us" often expresses our attitude to treat us as free beings. But are we really free, hence responsible for our behavior? Or is our behaviour entrenched in conditions properly understood as deterministic ones?
Objective
851-0147-01LTheories, Experiments, Causality
Particularly suitable for students of D-PHYS
W3 credits2GR. Wallny, M. Hampe
AbstractThis course critically evaluates topics and approaches from physics against a broader historical and philosophical/systematic background. Attention will be paid, amongst other things, to the role of experiments, to the concepts of matter and field, and to theory formation.
ObjectiveStudents should be able to critically evaluate different topics and approaches in physics. They should also be enabled to communicate their insights to people from other disciplines and fields.
Prerequisites / NoticeThis course is part of the ETH "Critical Thinking" initiative.
851-0144-19LPhilosophy of Time
Does not take place this semester.
Particularly suitable for students of D-BIOL, D-INFK, D-MATH, D-PHYS
W3 credits2Vto be announced
AbstractThis course provides an introduction to philosophical issues surrounding the concept of time. We will treat topics such as: the existence of past, present, and future; the possibility of time travel; the constitution of time consciousness and its possible neurophysiological counterparts; temporal biases in the conduct of our lives; responsibility to future and past generations.
ObjectiveBy the end of the course students are able to describe and compare different theories and concepts of time (physical time, perceptual time, historical time ...). They are able to identify and examine issues concerning time as they occur in various philosophical subdisciplines - especially in philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, metaphysics, and ethics. Students are in a position to critically discuss and evaluate the repercussions of these issues in broader scientific and social contexts.
Part of the course reflects on methods and contents from physics, neuroscience/cognitive science, and logic.
ContentZeit ist eine fundamentale Dimension, in der wir uns sowohl als biologisch-physikalische wie auch als geistige Wesen bewegen. Zeit durchzieht unser Dasein in verschiedenen Erscheinungsformen – unter anderem als physikalische Zeit, als wahrgenommene Zeit, als gesellschaftlich-intersubjektive Zeit und als historische Zeit. Dementsprechend war und ist das Thema Zeit immer wieder der Gegenstand von grundlegenden Diskussionen in unterschiedlichen philosophischen Teildisziplinen – von Metaphysik über Wissenschaftsphilosophie und Philosophie des Geistes bis hin zu Philosophiegeschichtsschreibung und Ethik.

Im Kurs werden die wichtigsten zeitspezifischen Fragestellungen dieser verschiedenen philosophischen Teildisziplinen und deren Querverbindungen behandelt. In diesem Sinne bietet der Kurs auch eine allgemeine Einführung in die Philosophie. Behandelt wird u.a.: die Existenz von Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft; die Möglichkeit von Zeitreisen; die Konstitution unseres Zeitbewusstseins und dessen mögliche neurophysiologische Gegenstücke; zeitliche Vorurteile in unserer Lebensführung ("lieber heut' als morgen"); Verantwortung gegenüber zukünftigen und vergangenen Generationen.

Die einzelnen Themen der Vorlesungen lauten und gliedern sich wie folgt:

1. Einleitung: Zeit als grundlegende Dimension des geistigen und körperlichen Lebens
a) Diverse Erscheinungsformen von Zeit
b) Themen und Motive der Vorlesung

2. Metaphysische Positionen und Probleme
a) Grundbegriffe und Grundpositionen
b) Ein Argument gegen die Realität von Zeit
c) Gegenwart der Erfahrung
d) Zeitfluss, Wandel und Kausalität
e) Determinismus und Fatalismus

3. Die formale Struktur von Zeit: Philosophie der Mathematik und Informatik
a) Zenons «Pfeil» und (wieder) Wandel
b) Ist Zeit ein Kontinuum?
c) Simulationen und Zeitreihenanalysen

4. Die konkrete Struktur der äußeren Zeit: Philosophie der Physik
a) Gerichtetheit der physikalischen Zeit
b) Bedingungen und Möglichkeiten von Zeitmessungen
c) Zeitreisen und zyklische Zeiten

5. Zeit wahrnehmen: Philosophie des Geistes und der Kognitionswissenschaften
a) Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins
b) Hören als Zeitwahrnehmung, Musik als «Zeitkunst»
c) Neurophänomenologie der Zeit
d) Pathologien der Zeitwahrnehmung: Zeit und Leid

6. Zeitfragen der Lebensführung und Ethik: Praktische Philosophie
a) «Lieber heute als morgen» – Zeitliche Vorurteile und Wohlergehen
b) Sind Taten nur im Nachhinein zu bestrafen? – Einige moralische Erwägungen
c) Verantwortung gegenüber anderen Generationen und personale Identität
d) Ist Zeit «ein knappes Gut»? – Metaphern und demokrat. Entscheidungsprozesse

7. Zeitlichkeit in der Forschung: Geschichtsschreibung der Philosophie
a) Sollte die Philosophie ihre Vergangenheit kennen?
b) Geschichten von Begriffen, Ideen und Problemen

8. Schluss: Reprise und (De-)Synchronisationen
a) Wiederkehrende Fragestellungen und Antwortansätze
b) Taktungen, Strukturanalogien und Resonanzkatastrophen
LiteratureDer Kurs orientiert sich wesentlich an folgender Monographie, deren Anschaffung empfohlen wird:
- Sieroka, N. 2018. Philosophie der Zeit – Grundlagen und Perspektiven (Reihe C.H.Beck Wissen). München: Beck-Verlag (ISBN 978-3-4067-2787-0) 128 S., 9.95€ (Taschenbuch), 7.99€ (Kindle/ebook).

Diverse weitere Literaturhinweise folgen in der Vorlesung. Zentrale Texte werden zudem auf einer Lehrplattform zum Herunterladen bereitgestellt.
851-0125-79LBruno Latour's Modes of Existence: A Philosophical Approach to Science and Society Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants limited to 30
W3 credits2SR. Wagner
AbstractBruno Latour's "an inquiry into modes of existence" is an ambitious book that offer a philosophical-scoiological approach to questions of science, technology, politics and economy. In this seminar, we will read some chapters of this book, and reflect on them critically.
ObjectiveStudents will be able to analyze various aspects of science, technology, politics and economy based on Latour's approach, and engage critically with his arguments and conceptions.
Work load: reading 25-30 pages per week; weekly mini-assignments (brief feedback about the weekly reading); one 15 min. presentation during the semester; and a 2,000 words final essay.
Requirements: there are no formal requirements, but the course will assume that students have some experience in reading philosophical or sociological texts.
851-0127-28LDeath - The Secret Problem of Life Restricted registration - show details W3 credits2GH. Wiedebach
AbstractNo detective novel without a corpse, no religion without knowledge about death and life, no large transplantation of an organ without certificate for the donor's death. Is a dead person always a corpse? - Death is part of life and yet stands simultaneously in opposition to it. We cling to life and nonetheless wish to have the option to commit suicide. Do we know what we really want in that case?
ObjectiveDiscussion of 1) several conceptions of death in history, 2) determination of death in a medical sense (brain-death, etc.). 3) The search for a personal view about life and death. 4) The practice of a precise manner of speaking based on reflection.
LiteratureTexte als Diskussionsgrundlage werden zu Beginn des Semesters genannt bzw. als PDF unter "Lernmaterialien" veröffentlicht.
Prerequisites / NoticeDas mündliche Diskutieren während der Sitzungen ist zentral wichtig. Daher besteht Anwesenheitspflicht. Einmaliges Fehlen ist möglich mit Entschuldigung. Als Ersatz wird die erweiterte Darstellung eines jeweils zu vereinbarenden Textes geliefert.

Schriftliche Semesterleistung:

- Ab dem 2. Seminartermin erfolgt im Voraus pro Sitzung (d.h. insgesamt 6mal) eine 1 bis 1 1/2-seitige Darstellung bzw. Stellungnahme zu einem vorgegebenen Text oder Thema.
- Die 1 bis 1 1/2-seitigen Darstellungen müssen bis Samstag Abend in der Woche vor der nächsten Sitzung vorliegen.
- Statt einer der 6 Kurzdarstellungen kann ein einführendes Referat (15 min, max. 2 Personen) gehalten werden.

Formalia btr. aller Texte (Minimalanforderungen):
- Schriftbild: Zeilenabstand 1.5, Schriftgrösse 12, Seitenabstand 2.5cm, Schriftart: Arial, Times New Roman.
- Vor- und Nachname, Matrikelnummer, Veranstaltungsname, Dozent, E-Mail-Adr., Studiengang.

- Ihre Texte schicken Sie bitte an die eigens eingerichtete Email-Adresse:
tod-leben@phil.gess.ethz.ch
851-0125-72LHistory of Planetary Computations In The Premodern WorldW3 credits2VS. Hirose
AbstractThis course focuses on how positions of planets were computed before Kepler's law had been established in the 17th century. We will look at the cases in different regions and societies in ancient to premodern times, with a special interest on how mathematical tools had been developed for this purpose.
ObjectivePlanetary computations were one of the most difficult problems in astronomical practices before the modern era. Therefore in this course we shall see various cases of how cutting-edge knowledge was utilized in ancient times, and how the demand from this sort of "applied science" contributed to the development of mathematics. In comparison with the Autumn semester 2017 course "Introduction to Premodern Astral Sciences", this course focuses on a single topic in the history of astronomy and involves more discussions on mathematics. It is designed for both those who took the previous course and those
who did not.
851-0125-78LNon-Conceptual Thinking: Philosophy As LiteratureW3 credits2SM. Hampe, A. Kilcher
AbstractLiterature and Philosophy are usually distinguished from each other by the following difference: Philosophy supposedly uses a language of abstract concepts whereas literature tells stories and uses metaphors. Looking more closely reveals that philosophy is operating not at all purely conceptual and without metaphors. Metaphorical texts that tell stories in philosophy are subject of this course.
ObjectiveStudents should learn about the different types of argumentative and non-argumentative texts. They should learn to understand the descriptive and critical value of non-argumentative texts that operate at the boarder between philosophy and literature.
851-0148-00LIntroduction to Philosophy: Prophets, Judges, Fools, and HealersW3 credits2VM. Hampe
AbstractThis lecture gives an overview of forms of philosophizing for students of the natural sciences and engineering. It is at the same time an introduction to philosophy for beginners of this subjects.
ObjectiveStudents of the natural sciences and technology will be given an overview of the different forms of philosophizing. Beginners of this subject will receive a general introduction to philosophy. In order to acquire credit points, a critical summary of one lesson of choice must be submitted (about 5-7 pages).
ContentPhilosophy is done in different forms: as a diagnosis of a time, from which one can develop a prognosis, as an evaluation of action and thinking, and as a commentary of a spectator, who detects contradictions and and tries to give a therapy to human acting and thinking. By looking at texts from Plato, Kant, Morus, Nietzsche, Carnap, Wittgenstein and others the course will give an introduction into philosophical thinking in general.
Lecture notesDas Skript der Vorlesung ist unter der folgenden internetadresse zu finden: www.phil.ethz.ch/fileadmin/phil/files/SkriptEinfuehrung.pdf
LiteratureMichael Hampe, Propheten, Richter, Ärzte, Narren: Eine Typologie von Philosophen und Intellektuellen, in: Martin Carrier und Johannes Roggenhofer (Hg.) Wandel oder Niedergang? Die Rolle der Intellekturelln in der Wissengesellschaft, Tranbscript Verlag, Münster 2007
Prerequisites / NoticeCredits are given for a critical summary of about six pages of one of the lectures. There will be a titorial to support the writing of this summary.
851-0145-07L"Waldeinsamkeit" - Wilderness and Individualism Restricted registration - show details
Particularly suitable for students of D-MTEC, D-USYS, D-ERDW
Number of participants limited to 26
W3 credits2SS. Baier
AbstractThe class is about the concept of individuality and how it relates to wilderness both from a historical and a philosophical perspective. Our ideas of wilderness strongly inform the natural and technological sciences. Having a closer look at what defines wilderness therefore helps to get a better picture of what can and should not be done to nature.
ObjectiveThe class is about the concept of individuality and how it relates to wilderness both from a historical and a philosophical perspective. Our ideas of wilderness strongly inform the natural and technological sciences. Having a closer look at what defines wilderness therefore helps to get a better picture of what can and should not be done to nature.
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